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Klebsiella Meningitis. A Case Report.

08:00 EDT 3rd June 2008 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Klebsiella Meningitis. A Case Report."

Acute bacterial meningitis is a severe CNS infection occurring mostly in infants and older children. Bacterial meningitis caused by gram-negative bacteria is usually fatal. Klebsiella pneumoniae is an uncommon gram-negative bacteria causing meningitis with a poor outcome. Though the commonest presentation of bacterial meningitis is fever, patients usually seek medical attention for uncontrolled seizure and features of raised ICP. The commonest complications of gram-negative bacterial meningitis including Klebsiella meningitis are subdural hygroma / empyema, hydrocephalus, infarcts (both arterial and venous) and cortical blindness due to hypoxic ischaemic insult. MRI is the best modality for evaluating these patients for early diagnosis. Early institution of treatment significantly reduces the mortality and morbidity. We describe a case of acute bacterial meningitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae with MR evidence of sinus thrombosis, venous infarcts and subdural hygroma.

Affiliation

Radiology Department, Primus, Guwahati; Assam; India - drnirodmedhi@yahoo.co.in.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The neuroradiology journal
ISSN: 1971-4009
Pages: 323-326

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Infections with bacteria of the genus KLEBSIELLA.

Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.

A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA. It is a commensal and pathogen only of humans, and can be carried asymptomatically in the NASOPHARYNX. When found in cerebrospinal fluid it is the causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis (MENINGITIS, MENINGOCOCCAL). It is also found in venereal discharges and blood. There are at least 13 serogroups based on antigenic differences in the capsular polysaccharides; the ones causing most meningitis infections being A, B, C, Y, and W-135. Each serogroup can be further classified by serotype, serosubtype, and immunotype.

Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)

Meningitis caused by fungal agents which may occur as OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS or arise in immunocompetent hosts.

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