Leptin promotes lupus T-cell autoimmunity.
In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the impairment in apoptosis can facilitate the initiation and maintenance of autoimmune responses to self antigens. Here we show that the adipocytokine leptin, which is abnormally elevated in SLE, promotes the survival and proliferation of autoreactive T-cells in mice with an autoreactive T-cell repertoire, including (NZB x NZW)F1 lupus-prone mice. This ability of leptin to promote lupus T-cell autoimmunity suggests the possibility of a therapeutic targeting of leptin in SLE.
Department of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, CA, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24263282
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clim.2013.09.002
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Cell surface receptors for obesity factor (LEPTIN), a hormone secreted by the WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Upon leptin-receptor interaction, the signal is mediated through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to regulate food intake, energy balance and fat storage.
Process whereby the immune system reacts against the body's own tissues. Autoimmunity may produce or be caused by AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
A 16-kDa peptide hormone secreted from WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Leptin serves as a feedback signal from fat cells to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM in regulation of food intake, energy balance, and fat storage.
A form of lupus erythematosus in which the skin may be the only organ involved or in which skin involvement precedes the spread into other body systems. It has been classified into three forms - acute (= LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC with skin lesions), subacute, and chronic (= LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, DISCOID).
Glomerulonephritis associated with autoimmune disease SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS. Lupus nephritis is histologically classified into 6 classes: class I - normal glomeruli, class II - pure mesangial alterations, class III - focal segmental glomerulonephritis, class IV - diffuse glomerulonephritis, class V - diffuse membranous glomerulonephritis, and class VI - advanced sclerosing glomerulonephritis (The World Health Organization classification 1982).