Metabolic acidosis.

09:38 EDT 4th July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Metabolic acidosis."

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: BMJ (Clinical research ed.)
ISSN: 1468-5833
Pages: c4792

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PubMed Articles [3998 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Sodium Bicarbonate Therapy in Patients with Metabolic Acidosis.

Metabolic acidosis occurs when a relative accumulation of plasma anions in excess of cations reduces plasma pH. Replacement of sodium bicarbonate to patients with sodium bicarbonate loss due to diarrh...

Interaction of Sodium Bicarbonate and Na+/H+ Exchanger Inhibition in the Treatment of Acute Metabolic Acidosis in Pigs.

Administration of NaHCO3 does not improve cellular function or reduce the mortality of acute lactic acidosis. This might be related to aggravation of intracellular acidosis, but it could also be due t...

An unrecognised case of metabolic acidosis following neobladder augmentation cystoplasty.

We present a case where there was a delay in the diagnosis of severe metabolic acidosis in a patient with an orthotopic neobladder. There are a growing number of patients with orthotopic neobladders a...

Correction of Acidosis in Neonatal Intensive-care Medicine: A National Survey.

Background: Metabolic acidosis is a common problem of patients on neonatal intensive care units. Only little data exists in literature and there are no clinical guidelines. The aim of this national su...

Hypercapnic thresholds for embryonic acid-base metabolic compensation and hematological regulation during CO2 challenges in layer and broiler chicken strains.

Time specific acid-base metabolic compensation and responses of hematological respiratory variables were measured in day 15 layer (Hyline) and broiler (Cornish Rock) chicken embryos during acute hyper...

Clinical Trials [997 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Sodium Bicarbonate to Treat Severe Acidosis in the Critically Ill

The purpose of the present study is to compare the adjunct treatment of metabolic or mixed severe acidosis in the critically ill using Sodium Bicarbonate as a buffer to increase the plasma...

Study On the Role of Mitochondrial Dysfunction in the Pathogenesis of Metformin-associated Lactic Acidosis

Metformin is the first line drug of choice for the treatment of type II diabetes. Lactic acidosis can develop as a side effect, especially when renal failure leads to drug accumulation. La...

Prevention of Dichloroacetate Toxicity

This is a study to determine the safety of dichloroacetate (DCA) with a low-tyrosine diet given with or without nitisinone (NTBC) in children with chronic lactic acidosis (CLA).

Lactate Metabolism Study in HIV Infected Persons

Lactic acidosis is a potentially life-threatening disease associated with the treatment of chronic HIV infection. Although acidosis is rare, hyperlactatemia is common and may have long ter...

Dichloroacetate Kinetics, Metabolism and Toxicology

Dichloroacetate (DCA) is a product of water chlorination and a metabolite of certain industrial solvents, thus making it a chemical of environmental concern. However, DCA is also used as a...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A group of genetic disorders of the KIDNEY TUBULES characterized by the accumulation of metabolically produced acids with elevated plasma chloride, hyperchloremic metabolic ACIDOSIS. Defective renal acidification of URINE (proximal tubules) or low renal acid excretion (distal tubules) can lead to complications such as HYPOKALEMIA, hypercalcinuria with NEPHROLITHIASIS and NEPHROCALCINOSIS, and RICKETS.

Acidosis caused by accumulation of lactic acid more rapidly than it can be metabolized. It may occur spontaneously or in association with diseases such as diabetes mellitus, leukemia, or liver failure.

A congenital or acquired condition of insufficient production of ALDOSTERONE by the ADRENAL CORTEX leading to diminished aldosterone-mediated synthesis of Na(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE in renal tubular cells. Clinical symptoms include HYPERKALEMIA, sodium-wasting, HYPOTENSION, and sometimes metabolic ACIDOSIS.

An inherited metabolic disorder caused by deficient enzyme activity in the PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE COMPLEX, resulting in deficiency of acetyl CoA and reduced synthesis of acetylcholine. Two clinical forms are recognized: neonatal and juvenile. The neonatal form is a relatively common cause of lactic acidosis in the first weeks of life and may also feature an erythematous rash. The juvenile form presents with lactic acidosis, alopecia, intermittent ATAXIA; SEIZURES; and an erythematous rash. (From J Inherit Metab Dis 1996;19(4):452-62) Autosomal recessive and X-linked forms are caused by mutations in the genes for the three different enzyme components of this multisubunit pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. One of the mutations at Xp22.2-p22.1 in the gene for the E1 alpha component of the complex leads to LEIGH DISEASE.

Disorders affecting amino acid metabolism. The majority of these disorders are inherited and present in the neonatal period with metabolic disturbances (e.g., ACIDOSIS) and neurologic manifestations. They are present at birth, although they may not become symptomatic until later in life.


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