Increasing prevalence of nasal and rectal colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in children with cancer.
Summary of "Increasing prevalence of nasal and rectal colonization with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in children with cancer."
Infections with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), in community-settings, especially with strains carrying the Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) genes, have increased markedly in recent years. Colonization with S. aureus is a risk factor for infection. However, there are few studies that examine colonization and infection with PVL-positive strains of MRSA in cancer patients.
The epidemiology of colonization and infection with MRSA was studied in children with cancer during two time periods: 2000/2001 and 2006/2007. PVL genes were screened and spa typing performed on the isolates.
The prevalence of colonization with MRSA increased from 0.6% in 2000/2001 to 2.9% in 2006/2007 (P = 0.0003). MRSA colonization at admission was associated with infection (P < 0.0001; RR 38.32; 95%
23.36-62.84). The prevalence of infection increased from 0.99% in 2000/2001 to 3.78% in 2006-2007 (P = 0.0002). Of the 32 colonized patients, 18 (56%) had infection. None of the 14 colonized but non-infected patients had dual colonization of nares and rectum, while 8 of the 18 infected patients had colonization of both of these sites (P = 0.004). Ten patients (31%) were colonized with PVL-positive strains. Patients colonized with PVL-positive strains were more likely to be colonized both in the nares and rectum (P = 0.005), and more likely to have infection (P = 0.001). Recurrent MRSA infections were seen in 22% of patients.
An increasing prevalence of colonization with MRSA was observed in children with cancer at our institution. Colonization with MRSA especially with PVL-positive strains was associated with infection. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Oncology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric blood & cancer
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.
One of the PENICILLINS which is resistant to PENICILLINASE but susceptible to a penicillin-binding protein. It is inactivated by gastric acid so administered by injection.
Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.
A compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance. The Pekin duck serves as a common research animal in salt gland studies. A rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood. (Storer, Usinger, Stebbins & Nybakken: General Zoology, 6th ed, p658)
Nasal Lavage Fluid
Fluid obtained by irrigation or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.
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