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Emergency laparotomy is a common high-risk surgical procedure, but with few outcome data and few data on postoperative care. We aimed to observe mortality within a mixed general surgical population and to explore the potential impact of postoperative care on mortality.
A prospective observational study of 124 patients undergoing emergency laparotomy. For all patients, overall mortality and 30-day survival were observed; the predicted death rate (PDR) using the P-POSSUM (Portsmouth predictor - Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity) score and the standardised mortality ratio (SMR) were calculated.
Twenty-four patients died (19.4%); 21 in the first 30 days (16.9%). Twenty-six patients were over 80 years; 10 died (38%). PDR for all patients was 27.4%. The overall SMR was 0.71. Eighty-seven patients (70.2%) followed a postanaesthesia care unit (PACU)-ward pathway (observed mortality 13.6%; mean PDR 15.4%; SMR 0.82). Thirty (24.2%) patients followed an ICU-high dependency unit (HDU)-ward pathway (observed mortality 40.0%; mean PDR 57.2%; SMR 0.69). Six patients (4.8%) followed a PACU-HDU-ward pathway (observed mortality 0%, mean PDR 41.8%, SMR 0.0).
Mortality after emergency laparotomy was high and very high in patients more than 80 years of age. The SMR was higher in the PACU-ward pathway compared to the ICU-HDU-ward pathway, suggesting room for improvement in the postoperative period.
From the University Hospital Wales, Cardiff (AC), Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol (HM, MJT) and Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Royal United Hospital, Combe Park, Bath (TMC, CJP), UK.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: European journal of anaesthesiology
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Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.