Combined arteriovenous sheathotomy and intraoperative intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for branch retinal vein occlusion.
Summary of "Combined arteriovenous sheathotomy and intraoperative intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for branch retinal vein occlusion."
Purpose To describe the treatment of macular oedema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) with concomitant pars plana vitrectomy/arteriovenous sheathotomy and intraoperative intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide. Methods Retrospective case series. Results Four eyes of four patients were identified. Patients improved from a mean best-corrected visual acuity of 20/124 at baseline to 20/122 at month 1, 20/83 at month 3, 20/74 at month 6, 20/59 at month 9 and 20/44 at month 12 (p=0.01). All patients demonstrated improvement in visual acuity and macular oedema on fluorescein angiography and/or optical coherence tomography (OCT). Conclusion For patients with persistent macular oedema due to BRVO refractory to pharmacotherapy and/or laser photocoagulation, concomitant pars plana vitrectomy with arteriovenous sheathotomy and intravitreal triamcinolone may improve best-corrected acuity and reduce macular oedema on fluorescein angiography and OCT.
Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The British journal of ophthalmology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20829319
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.2009.167270
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An esterified form of TRIAMCINOLONE. It is an anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid used topically in the treatment of various skin disorders. Intralesional, intramuscular, and intra-articular injections are also administered under certain conditions.
A vessel that directly interconnects an artery and a vein, and that acts as a shunt to bypass the capillary bed. Not to be confused with surgical anastomosis, nor with arteriovenous fistula.
The administration of substances into the VITREOUS BODY of the eye with a hypodermic syringe.
An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.
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Group of rare congenital disorders characterized by impairment of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity, leukopenia, and low or absent antibody levels. It is inherited as an X-linked or autosomal recessive defect. Mutations occurring in many different genes cause human Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID).
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