Virtual pharmaceutical companies: Collaborating flexibly in pharmaceutical development.
Summary of "Virtual pharmaceutical companies: Collaborating flexibly in pharmaceutical development."
Research and development (R&D) collaborations represent one approach chosen by the pharmaceutical industry to tackle current challenges posed by declining internal R&D success rates and fading of the blockbuster model. In recent years, a flexible concept to collaborate in R&D has emerged: virtual pharmaceutical companies (VPCs). These differ from other R&D companies, such as biotech start-ups, collaborating with big pharmaceutical companies, because they solely comprise experienced teams of managers. VPCs have only been described anecdotally in literature. Thus, we present here the characteristics of a VPC and suggest how big pharma can leverage the concept of VPCs by introducing five possible modes of collaboration. We find that one mode, investing, is particularly promising for big pharma.
Institute of Physical Chemistry (as from 1 January 2014: Department of Chemistry), Business Chemistry Group, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Drug discovery today
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24291787
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drudis.2013.11.015
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.