A Series of Natural Flavonoids as Thrombin Inhibitors: Structure-activity relationships.
Summary of "A Series of Natural Flavonoids as Thrombin Inhibitors: Structure-activity relationships."
A series of natural flavonoids has been evaluated as potential inhibitors of thrombin using the optimized method of thrombin time. Myricetin and quercetin have shown to be the best thrombin inhibitors tested. In order to investigate the thrombin recognition of the most active and selective compounds, a molecular modeling study has been performed using available Protein Data Bank (PDB) structures as receptor models for docking experiments. Structure-activity relationships of flavonoids (SARs) on thrombin would facilitate the design of chemical compounds with higher potency to serve as potential thrombin inhibitors, and provide information for the exploitation and utilization of flavonoids as thrombin inhibitors for thrombotic disease treatment.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Thrombosis research
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20828797
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2010.08.006
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Quantitative Structure-activity Relationship
A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.
A family of proteinase-activated receptors that are specific for THROMBIN. They are found primarily on PLATELETS and on ENDOTHELIAL CELLS. Activation of thrombin receptors occurs through the proteolytic action of THROMBIN, which cleaves the N-terminal peptide from the receptor to reveal a new N-terminal peptide that is a cryptic ligand for the receptor. The receptors signal through HETEROTRIMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS. Small synthetic peptides that contain the unmasked N-terminal peptide sequence can also activate the receptor in the absence of proteolytic activity.
Clotting time of PLASMA mixed with a THROMBIN solution. It is a measure of the conversion of FIBRINOGEN to FIBRIN, which is prolonged by AFIBRINOGENEMIA, abnormal fibrinogen, or the presence of inhibitory substances, e.g., fibrin-fibrinogen degradation products, or HEPARIN. BATROXOBIN, a thrombin-like enzyme unaffected by the presence of heparin, may be used in place of thrombin.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Industrial chemicals which have become widespread environmental pollutants. Each aroclor is a mixture of chlorinated biphenyls (1200 series) or chlorinated terphenyls (5400 series) or a combination of both (4400 series).
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