Advertisement

Topics

Polysaccharide-Based Micelles for Drug Delivery.

07:00 EST 1st January 2013 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Polysaccharide-Based Micelles for Drug Delivery."

Delivery of hydrophobic molecules and proteins has been an issue due to poor bioavailability following administration. Thus, micelle carrier systems are being investigated to improve drug solubility and stability. Due to problems with toxicity and immunogenicity, natural polysaccharides are being explored as substitutes for synthetic polymers in the development of new micelle systems. By grafting hydrophobic moieties to the polysaccharide backbone, self-assembled micelles can be readily formed in aqueous solution. Many polysaccharides also possess inherent bioactivity that can facilitate mucoadhesion, enhanced targeting of specific tissues, and a reduction in the inflammatory response. Furthermore, the hydrophilic nature of some polysaccharides can be exploited to enhance circulatory stability. This review will highlight the advantages of polysaccharide use in the development of drug delivery systems and will provide an overview of the polysaccharide-based micelles that have been developed to date.

Affiliation

Syracuse Biomaterial Institute, 318 Bowne Hall, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA. babader@syr.edu.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pharmaceutics
ISSN: 1999-4923
Pages: 329-352

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [24560 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Polysaccharide-based micro/nanocarriers for oral colon-targeted drug delivery.

Oral colon-targeted drug delivery has attracted many researchers because of its distinct advantages of increasing the bioavailability of the drug at the target site and reducing the side effects. Poly...

Intracellular Delivery of Fluorescently Labeled Polysaccharide Nanoparticles to Cultured Breast Cancer Cells.

Nanoparticle delivery is becoming an increasingly more valuable technique in cancer drug treatments. The use of fluorescent probes, in particular, can provide noninvasive strategies to interrogate the...

Docetaxel-Loaded Self-Assembly Stearic Acid-Modified Bletilla striata Polysaccharide Micelles and Their Anticancer Effect: Preparation, Characterization, Cellular Uptake and In Vitro Evaluation.

Poorly soluble drugs have low bioavailability after oral administration, thereby hindering effective drug delivery. A novel drug-delivery system of docetaxel (DTX)-based stearic acid (SA)-modified Ble...

Recent advances in chitosan-based nanoparticulate pulmonary drug delivery.

The advent of biodegradable polymer-encapsulated drug nanoparticles has made the pulmonary route of administration an exciting area of drug delivery research. Chitosan, a natural biodegradable and bio...

pH-responsive polymeric micelles based on poly(ethyleneglycol)-b-poly(2-(diisopropylamino) ethyl methacrylate) block copolymer for enhanced intracellular release of anticancer drugs.

We present a pH-responsive poly(ethyleneglycol)-b-poly(2-(diisopropylamino) ethyl methacrylate) block copolymer (MPEG-PPDA) that can self-assemble into micelles at very low critical micelle concentrat...

Clinical Trials [4838 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Bioavailability of Resveratrol From Vineatrol30 Extract Incorporated Into Micelles

To enhance the oral bioavailability of the antioxidants trans-resveratrol and trans-ε-viniferin from Vineatrol30 grapevine-shoot extract, the native powder was incorporated into micelles....

Divided Drug Delivery

This study will evaluate the efficacy of an advice with a weekly divided drug delivery, compared to an usual monthly delivery in the prevention of voluntary drug intoxications repeated.

Safety and Tolerability Study of Transscleral Iontophoresis by the EyeGate® II Drug Delivery Device System

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single iontophoretic dose of buffered solution administered through the EyeGate® II Drug Delivery System in healt...

Safety Study of ACYW135 Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine Aged 2-50 Years Old

This phase I clinical study evaluates the safety of ACYW135 meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine in population aged 2-6, 7-17, 18-50 years old by the method of both passive and active surv...

Effects of a Genistein Concentrated Polysaccharide (GCP) for Prostate Cancer on Active Surveillance.

Genistein Combined Polysaccharide (GCP) may play a role as a secondary chemopreventive agent in the treatment of localized prostate cancer.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.

Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.

Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.

Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.

Removal of a drug from the market due to the identification of an intrinsic property of the drug that results in a serious risk to public health.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pharmacy
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...

Drug Discovery
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...

Biomaterial
A biomaterial is defined as a substance that has been engineered to take a form which, alone or as part of a complex system, is used to direct, by control of interactions with components of living systems, the course of any therapeutic or diagnostic proc...


Searches Linking to this Article