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Delivery of hydrophobic molecules and proteins has been an issue due to poor bioavailability following administration. Thus, micelle carrier systems are being investigated to improve drug solubility and stability. Due to problems with toxicity and immunogenicity, natural polysaccharides are being explored as substitutes for synthetic polymers in the development of new micelle systems. By grafting hydrophobic moieties to the polysaccharide backbone, self-assembled micelles can be readily formed in aqueous solution. Many polysaccharides also possess inherent bioactivity that can facilitate mucoadhesion, enhanced targeting of specific tissues, and a reduction in the inflammatory response. Furthermore, the hydrophilic nature of some polysaccharides can be exploited to enhance circulatory stability. This review will highlight the advantages of polysaccharide use in the development of drug delivery systems and will provide an overview of the polysaccharide-based micelles that have been developed to date.
Syracuse Biomaterial Institute, 318 Bowne Hall, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA. email@example.com.
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The organoiridium(III) complex (Ir(III)) [(η5-Cpxbiph)Ir(phpy)(py)]PF6 containing π-bonded biphenyltetramethylcyclopentadienyl(Cpxbiph), C^N-chelated phenylpyridine(phpy), and pyridine (py) ligands ...
Co-delivery of multiple agents via nanocarriers is of great interest in cancer therapy, but subcellular delivery to the corresponding site of action remains challenging. Here we report a smart nanoveh...
The novel self-assembling bottlebrush polyethylene glycol - polynorbornene - thiocresol block copolymers (PEG-PNB-TC) were synthesized by the Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP), followed by...
Polymer micelles for anticancer drug delivery have shown many advantages. In this study, poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PCL-PMPC) with bio-inspired structure s...
Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most common chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of various cancers, but its clinical usage is limited by dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. We have recently synthesiz...
To enhance the oral bioavailability of the antioxidants trans-resveratrol and trans-ε-viniferin from Vineatrol30 grapevine-shoot extract, the native powder was incorporated into micelles....
This study will evaluate the efficacy of an advice with a weekly divided drug delivery, compared to an usual monthly delivery in the prevention of voluntary drug intoxications repeated.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single iontophoretic dose of buffered solution administered through the EyeGate® II Drug Delivery System in healt...
This phase I clinical study evaluates the safety of ACYW135 meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine in population aged 2-6, 7-17, 18-50 years old by the method of both passive and active surv...
Genistein Combined Polysaccharide (GCP) may play a role as a secondary chemopreventive agent in the treatment of localized prostate cancer.
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Removal of a drug from the market due to the identification of an intrinsic property of the drug that results in a serious risk to public health.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
A biomaterial is defined as a substance that has been engineered to take a form which, alone or as part of a complex system, is used to direct, by control of interactions with components of living systems, the course of any therapeutic or diagnostic proc...