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The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between the secular trend of the suicide rate and the socio-economic, media, and climatic factors in Taiwan during 1976-2009.
The yearly suicide death rate, socio-economic (spouseless population, aged population, labor participation rate, unemployment rate, and gross national production), media (newspapers, television sets, and personal computer) densities, and climatic (temperature, rainfall, and sunshine) factors were gathered. Pearson's correlation coefficients between variables were calculated, and stepwise multiple regression analysis was conducted.
Percentage of the spouseless and elderly population, labor participation rate, unemployment rate, and densities of newspapers and personal computer were significantly associated with suicide rate. Multiple regression chose spouseless population, labor participation rate, and unemployment rate to explain 96.1% of the variance of the suicide rate (F((3,22))=178.996, p=0.000).
Socioe-conomic factors are important for the secular trend of suicide, while medium densities also play some roles.
Department of Psychiatry, Buddhist Tzu Chi Taichung General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of affective disorders
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Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Culture media containing biologically active components obtained from previously cultured cells or tissues that have released into the media substances affecting certain cell functions (e.g., growth, lysis).
Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)
The means of interchanging or transmitting and receiving information. Historically the media were written: books, journals, newspapers, and other publications; in the modern age the media include, in addition, radio, television, computers, and information networks.
Countries in the process of change directed toward economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.