The secular trend of suicide rate and the socio-economic, media, and climatic factors in Taiwan, 1976-2009: A population-based study.
Summary of "The secular trend of suicide rate and the socio-economic, media, and climatic factors in Taiwan, 1976-2009: A population-based study."
The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between the secular trend of the suicide rate and the socio-economic, media, and climatic factors in Taiwan during 1976-2009.
The yearly suicide death rate, socio-economic (spouseless population, aged population, labor participation rate, unemployment rate, and gross national production), media (newspapers, television sets, and personal computer) densities, and climatic (temperature, rainfall, and sunshine) factors were gathered. Pearson's correlation coefficients between variables were calculated, and stepwise multiple regression analysis was conducted.
Percentage of the spouseless and elderly population, labor participation rate, unemployment rate, and densities of newspapers and personal computer were significantly associated with suicide rate. Multiple regression chose spouseless population, labor participation rate, and unemployment rate to explain 96.1% of the variance of the suicide rate (F((3,22))=178.996, p=0.000).
Socioe-conomic factors are important for the secular trend of suicide, while medium densities also play some roles.
Department of Psychiatry, Buddhist Tzu Chi Taichung General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Buddhist Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of affective disorders
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20833432
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.08.008
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Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)
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Countries in the process of change directed toward economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.