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Abstract To induce humoral- and cell-mediated immune responses in protein-based vaccinations, immunoadjuvants are needed. In this study, we investigated the immunoadjuvant effect of N-carboxymethyl chitosan (N-CMCh) on the vaccination system through dendritic cell activation. The results showed that N-CMCh nanoparticle enhanced the secretion of cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-12p70, and tumor necrosis factor-α) and antigen uptake in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells. This activated antigen-specific Th1 cell responses, including IL-2 and interferon-gamma production and proliferation. In addition, N-CMCh delayed the dissemination of ovalbumin (OVA) from an injection site in female C57BL/6 mice. As a result, in the subcutaneous vaccination, OVA-N-CMCh nanoparticles enhanced both humoral and cell-mediated vaccine responses.
1 Department of Biology, Sunchon National University , Suncheon, Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of medicinal food
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Non-hematopoietic cells, with extensive dendritic processes, found in the primary and secondary follicles of lymphoid tissue (the B cell zones). They are different from conventional DENDRITIC CELLS associated with T-CELLS. They are derived from MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS and are negative for class II MHC antigen and do not process or present antigen like the conventional dendritic cells do. Instead, follicular dendritic cells have FC RECEPTORS and C3B RECEPTORS that hold antigen in the form of ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES on their surfaces for long periods for recognition by B-CELLS.
Group activities directed against VACCINATION.
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Sarcoma of FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS most often found in the lymph nodes. This rare neoplasm occurs predominately in adults.
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