Neurological complications following anesthesia - part II.

08:03 EDT 28th May 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Neurological complications following anesthesia - part II."

Neurological complications after surgery may have fatal consequences for the patient or lead to disability and inability to work. Similar to central nervous complications such as stroke, postoperative visual loss, postoperative cognitive deficit and delirium, peripheral neurological complications following anaesthesia can be decisively influenced or almost avoided by an optimized anaesthesiological management. In the present article typical peripheral neurologic complications which can occur after regional anesthesia, central venous puncture and insertion of arterial or venous cannulas as well as etiology, diagnosis and therapy of peripheral nervous damage are described. Moreover the paper gives recommendations on intraoperative positioning of the patient and presents medicolegal aspects in the perioperative setting.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Anasthesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie : AINS
ISSN: 1439-1074
Pages: 534-542

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.

Abnormally slow pace of regaining CONSCIOUSNESS after general anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, GENERAL) usually given during surgical procedures. This condition is characterized by persistent somnolence.

A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.

Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.

Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.

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