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Neurological complications after surgery may have fatal consequences for the patient or lead to disability and inability to work. Similar to central nervous complications such as stroke, postoperative visual loss, postoperative cognitive deficit and delirium, peripheral neurological complications following anaesthesia can be decisively influenced or almost avoided by an optimized anaesthesiological management. In the present article typical peripheral neurologic complications which can occur after regional anesthesia, central venous puncture and insertion of arterial or venous cannulas as well as etiology, diagnosis and therapy of peripheral nervous damage are described. Moreover the paper gives recommendations on intraoperative positioning of the patient and presents medicolegal aspects in the perioperative setting.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anasthesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie : AINS
Since little has been reported about complications of spinal anesthesia in adult tethered cord syndrome (TCS), we sought to delineate the characteristics of the condition.A total of 4 cases of adult T...
Patients with rare neurological diseases are always a challenge in routine clinical activity. In particular, anesthetic interventions can be fraught with many problems. This article deals with the cur...
Practice Advisory for the Prevention, Diagnosis, and Management of Infectious Complications Associated with Neuraxial Techniques: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Infectious Complications Associated with Neuraxial Techniques and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine.
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To study the impact of pretreatment of living donor liver transplantation recipients with SMOF lipid on the incidence and severity of post-transplantation neurological complications in pat...
The purpose of this retrospective study is to identify all neonates (newborns < 30 days of age) from January 1, 2002 through June 20, 2006 at Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta who have su...
To evaluate the incidence of neurologic complications as a consequence of peripheral regional anesthesia, all patients receiving peripheral nerve blocks will be evaluated according to a st...
The effects of desflurane versus sevoflurane in adult patients undergoing LMA anesthesia on respiratory events during a less than 2-hour elective surgery.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
Abnormally slow pace of regaining CONSCIOUSNESS after general anesthesia (ANESTHESIA, GENERAL) usually given during surgical procedures. This condition is characterized by persistent somnolence.
A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.
Inhalation anesthesia where the gases exhaled by the patient are rebreathed as some carbon dioxide is simultaneously removed and anesthetic gas and oxygen are added so that no anesthetic escapes into the room. Closed-circuit anesthesia is used especially with explosive anesthetics to prevent fires where electrical sparking from instruments is possible.
Epidural anesthesia administered via the sacral canal.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...