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The purpose of this study was to design and investigate the transdermal controlled release cubic phase gels containing capsaicin using glycerol monooleate (MO), propylene glycol (1,2-propanediol, PG), and water. Three types of cubic phase gels were designed based on the ternary phase diagram of the MO-PG-water system, and their internal structures were confirmed by polarizing light microscopy (PLM) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Release results showed the cubic phase gels could provide a sustained system for capsaicin, while the initial water content in the gels was the major factor affecting the release rate. Release kinetics was determined to fit Higuchi's square-root equation indicating that the release was under diffusion control. The calculated diffusion exponent showed the release from cubic phase gels was anomalous transport. The unique structure of the cubic phases, capsaicin distributed in the lipid bilayers, and cubic phase gel swelling contributed to the release mechanism. The cubic phase gel may be an interesting application for transdermal delivery system of capsaicin in alleviating the post-incision pain.
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, University Town, Guangzhou, 510006, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AAPS PharmSciTech
The aim of the present paper was the development of semisolid (hydrogels) and solid (film) ophthalmic formulations for the controlled release of two mydriatics: phenylephrine and tropicamide. The form...
Capsaicin is the main pungent principle present in chilli peppers has been found to possess P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibition activity in vitro, which may have the potential to modulate bioavailability...
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Reverse electrodialysis (RED) technology generates energy from the salinity gradient by contacting waters with different salinity. Herein, we develop the disposable skin patch using this eco-friendly ...
OBJECTIVES: I. Estimate the optimal safe dose of intravesical capsaicin in patients with interstitial cystitis. II. Evaluate the efficacy of 0.025% topical capsaicin in relieving chroni...
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To estimate the absorption, safety, and tolerability of a dimebon transdermal solution relative to the dimebon immediate release oral formulation.
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Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
An approach, process, or methodology which emphasizes credible evidence and the best available scientific knowledge, judiciously integrated to achieve the best possible outcomes in structural design. For example, the design of a new OUTPATIENT CLINIC might incorporate a review of published research on outpatient clinic design, decisions on similar past projects, along with interviews with staff and consumers.
Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.
Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.
The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...