A Dynamic Social Systems Model for Considering Structural Factors in HIV Prevention and Detection.
Summary of "A Dynamic Social Systems Model for Considering Structural Factors in HIV Prevention and Detection."
We present a model for HIV-related behaviors that emphasizes the dynamic and social nature of the structural factors that influence HIV prevention and detection. Key structural dimensions of the model include resources, science and technology, formal social control, informal social influences and control, social interconnectedness, and settings. These six dimensions can be conceptualized on macro, meso, and micro levels. Given the inherent complexity of structural factors and their interrelatedness, HIV prevention interventions may focus on different levels and dimensions. We employ a systems perspective to describe the interconnected and dynamic processes of change among social systems and their components. The topics of HIV testing and safer injection facilities (SIFs) are analyzed using this structural framework. Finally, we discuss methodological issues in the development and evaluation of structural interventions for HIV prevention and detection.
Department of Health, Behavior and Society, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AIDS and behavior
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20838871
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-010-9804-y
Addiction, as a social problem, is a phenomenon that causes structural changes in cultural, social, political, and economic system in society. Prevention of this problem means decrease of risk factors...
There is increasing focus on social and structural factors following the marginal success of individual-level strategies for HIV prevention. While there is evidence of decreased HIV prevalence among y...
Models of dynamic networks - networks that evolve over time - have manifold applications. We develop a discrete-time generative model for social network evolution that inherits the richness and flexib...
To date, there is still no general consensus on the fundamental principle that governs glass transition. Colloidal suspensions are ordinarily utilized as model systems to study the dynamical arrest me...
In high-income countries, social inequalities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk are well-documented. Although Latin America has a rich history of theory and conceptual discussion regarding social i...
In this randomized controlled trial, we will identify social networks on My Space.com, an randomly assign each network to control or intervention status. We will then intervene at the leve...
Embryo culture is a cornerstone of in vitro fertilization treatments. Usually, embryos are cultured in microdrops of culture media in incubators with controlled temperature, humidity and a...
Evaluation of dynamic Plate-Screw-Systems for internal fixation after femoral neck fractures. Open Registry for Comparison of 1-screw-systems (DHS) with multi-screw-system Targon FN.
The objective of this prospective study is to document the impact of social service interventions (including meals, telephone reassurance, and friendly visiting)provided by the Burden Cent...
The purpose of this study is to compare a stepped care model for the treatment of social phobia and panic disorder with standard psychological treatment. The stepped care model comprises t...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
Branch of psychiatry concerned with the provision and delivery of a coordinated program of mental health care to a specified population. The foci included in this concept are: all social, psychological and physical factors related to etiology, prevention, and maintaining positive mental health in the community.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.