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The iron-chelating potential of silybin in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis.

Summary of "The iron-chelating potential of silybin in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis."

Milk thistle contains silybin, which is a potential iron chelator. We aimed to determine whether silybin reduced iron absorption in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis. In this crossover study, on three separate occasions, 10 patients who were homozygous for the C282Y mutation in the HFE gene (and fully treated) consumed a vegetarian meal containing 13.9 mg iron with: 200 ml water; 200 ml water and 140 mg silybin (Legalon Forte); or 200 ml tea. Blood was drawn once before, then 0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 4 h after the meal. Consumption of silybin with a meal resulted in a reduction in the postprandial increase in serum iron (AUC+/-s.e.) compared with water (silybin 1726.6+/-346.8 versus water 2988.8+/-167; P<0.05) and tea (silybin 1726.6+/-346.8 versus tea 2099.3+/-223.3; P<0.05). In conclusion, silybin has the potential to reduce iron absorption, and this deserves further investigation, as silybin could be an adjunct in the treatment of haemochromatosis.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 14 July 2010; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2010.136.

Affiliation

[1] The Iron Metabolism Interdisciplinary Research Group, Nutritional Sciences Division, Franklin-Wilkins Building, King's College London, London, UK [2] MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of clinical nutrition
ISSN: 1476-5640
Pages:

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Organic chemicals that form two or more coordination links with an iron ion. Once coordination has occurred, the complex formed is called a chelate. The iron-binding porphyrin group of hemoglobin is an example of a metal chelate found in biological systems.

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