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A reagentless strategy for template-free patterning of uniformly inert surfaces is suggested. A layer of p-hydroquinone (HQ) protected by the tert-butyldimethylsilyl (TBDMS) group is electrografted onto glassy carbon electrodes. Chemoselective activation is performed through electrochemically controlled cleavage of the TBDMS group, which yields the redox-active surface-confined quinone moieties. The latter are shown to undergo electrochemically induced Michael addition, which serves for subsequent functionalization of the electrode surface. Patterning of the TBDMS-quinone-modified surface is accomplished by using selective localized cleavage of the protecting group. State-of-the-art direct-mode scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) patterning fails to yield the anticipated interfacial reaction; however, the electrochemical scanning droplet cell (SDC) is capable of conducting the localized chemoselective reaction. In a small area, dictated by the dimensions of the droplet, electrochemically induced cleavage of the protecting group can be performed locally to give rise to arrays of active quinone spots. Upon deprotection, the redox signals, attributed to the hydroquinone/benzoquinone couple, provide the first direct evidence for chemoselective electrochemical patterning of sensitive functionalities. Subsequent SECM studies of the resulting modified areas demonstrate spatial control of the proposed patterning technique.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry
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Scanning microscopy in which a very sharp probe is employed in close proximity to a surface, exploiting a particular surface-related property. When this property is local topography, the method is atomic force microscopy (MICROSCOPY, ATOMIC FORCE), and when it is local conductivity, the method is scanning tunneling microscopy (MICROSCOPY, SCANNING TUNNELING).
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A scanning microscope-based, cytofluorimetry technique for making fluorescence measurements and topographic analysis on individual cells. Lasers are used to excite fluorochromes in labeled cellular specimens. Fluorescence is detected in multiple discrete wavelengths and the locational data is processed to quantitatively assess APOPTOSIS; PLOIDIES; cell proliferation; GENE EXPRESSION; PROTEIN TRANSPORT; and other cellular processes.
A type of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY in which the object is examined directly by an extremely narrow electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point and using the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen to create the image. It should not be confused with SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
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