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Relationship between atrial septal aneurysms and atrial electromechanical delay.

08:44 EDT 23rd April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Relationship between atrial septal aneurysms and atrial electromechanical delay."

Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) is a saccular deformity located in the atrial septum. Atrial arrhythmias are common in patients with ASA. Atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) can be used to evaluate development of atrial arrhythmias in various settings. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between ASA, cardiac arrhythmias and AEMD. Seventy patients with ASA served as the study group (30 men; mean age, 33.6 ± 10.9 years) and 70 healthy volunteers served as the control group (34 men; mean age, 31.4 ± 7.8 years). ASAs were diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography based on the criteria of a minimal aneurysmal base of ≥15 mm; and an excursion of ≥10 mm. Inter-AEMD and intra-AEMDs of both atrium were measured from parameters of tissue Doppler imaging. There was no significant difference between the study and control groups in terms of age, gender, left atrium diameter, and left ventricular ejection fraction. Inter-AEMD (50.7 ± 22.5 ms vs. 36.9 ± 12.0 ms) and intra-left AEMD (44.6 ± 17.4 ms vs. 30.7 ± 11.6 ms) were significantly higher in patients with ASA with respect to control group. Inter-AEMD (63.6 ± 20.1 ms vs. 45.1 ± 21.5 ms, P = 0.001), intra-left AEMD (55.3 ± 15.6 ms vs. 40.1 ± 16.2 ms, P = 0.001), diameter of the ASA (19.9 ± 3.6 mm vs. 17.1 ± 2.7 mm, P = 0.001) and P wave dispersion (18.5 ± 6.7 ms vs. 11.8 ± 7.3 ms, P = 0.001) were significantly greater in the subgroup with arrhythmias compared to the subgroup without arrhythmias. Inter-AEMD and intra-left AEMD were found to be significantly prolonged in patients with ASA. Being a non-invasive, inexpensive and simple technique AEMD may provide significant contributions to assess the risk for paroxysmal supraventricular arrhythmia in patients with ASA.

Affiliation

Department of Cardiology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, 06100, Sıhhiye/Ankara, Turkey, sercanokutucu@yahoo.com.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The international journal of cardiovascular imaging
ISSN: 1875-8312
Pages:

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature atrial contractions or beats caused by signals originating from ectopic atrial sites. The ectopic signals may or may not conduct to the HEART VENTRICLES. Atrial premature complexes are characterized by premature P waves on ECG which are different in configuration from the P waves generated by the normal pacemaker complex in the SINOATRIAL NODE.

A group of conditions in which HEART VENTRICLE activation by the atrial impulse is faster than the normal impulse conduction from the SINOATRIAL NODE. In these pre-excitation syndromes, atrial impulses often bypass the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE delay and travel via accessory pathways connecting the atrium directly to the BUNDLE OF HIS.

Myosin type II isoforms specifically found in the atrial muscle of the heart.

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