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This study examines the effectiveness of symptom validity measures to detect suspect effort in cognitive testing and invalid completion of ADHD behavior rating scales in 268 adults referred for ADHD assessment. Patients were diagnosed with ADHD based on cognitive testing, behavior rating scales, and clinical interview. Suspect effort was diagnosed by at least two of the following: failure on embedded and free-standing SVT measures, a score > 2 SD below the ADD population average on tests, failure on an ADHD behavior rating scale validity scale, or a major discrepancy between reported and observed ADHD behaviors. A total of 22% of patients engaged in symptom exaggeration. The Word Memory test immediate recall and consistency score (both 64%), TOVA omission errors (63%) and reaction time variability (54%), CAT-A infrequency scale (58%), and b Test (47%) had good sensitivity as well as at least 90% specificity. Clearly, such measures should be used to help avoid making false positive diagnoses of ADHD.
Department of Psychiatry, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Clinical neuropsychologist
The Consensus Sleep Diary (CSD) is a standardized, prospective tool for tracking nightly subjective sleep. The current study evaluated the validity and utility of the CSD, with consideration for chall...
Brief assessments have the potential to be widely adopted as outcome measures in research but also routine clinical practice. Existing brief rating scales that assess symptoms of schizophrenia or psyc...
Managing symptom clusters instead of single symptoms could be more beneficial in cancer care. Psychoeducational intervention (PEI) has been highlighted as a promising symptom intervention, but the eff...
We examine symptom variability in men and women with urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome (UCPPS). We describe symptom fluctuations as related to early symptom regression and its effect on estimate...
Cognitive dysfunction is commonly observed among individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and trauma exposure and is, in turn, associated with worse clinical outcomes. Accordingly, disruptions in c...
This study will test the hypotheses that: 1. 12 weeks of Luvox-CR plus web-based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) [CT-STEPS] will produce greater symptom relief of OCD than treatment wit...
The primary objective of the current study is to determine if providing cognitive-behavloral therapy of Insomnia and nightmares (CBTl&N) and Cognitive Processing Therapy of PTSD (CPT) resu...
The overall purpose of the study is to compare two talk therapies (Clinic-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Processing Therapy-Cognitive Only) for the treatment of posttraum...
The purpose of this study is to gather feasibility data on cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) as an alternative intervention for PTSD. CRT is a standardized intervention that involves per...
This study will evaluate, in a primary care setting, the effectiveness of a brief self-management behavioral treatment in patients with medically unexplained chronic fatigue. The hypothesi...
A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A symptom complex of unknown etiology, that is characteristic of a particular abnormality.
A symptom complex resulting from ingesting excessive amounts of VITAMIN A.
Clinical sign or symptom manifested as debility, or lack or loss of strength and energy.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a sub-type of ADHD - symptoms of ADHD include: a short attenti...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...