How effective is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy of ureteral stones with Dornier Lithotripter S EMSE 220F-XXP? A prospective and preliminary assessment.

00:19 EDT 2nd August 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "How effective is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy of ureteral stones with Dornier Lithotripter S EMSE 220F-XXP? A prospective and preliminary assessment."


AIM:
To report our preliminary series with the Doli S EMSE 220F-XXP, the upgraded version of the previous Dornier Lithotripter S EMSE 220, for treatment of ureteral stones.
METHODS:
Since July 2006, a total of 200 patients with ureteral stones were submitted to shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) with Doli S EMSE 220F-XXP. Mean stone size was 9.3 mm (range 6-18 mm). Ureteral stone location was proximal in 75, middle in 34, and distal in 91. Follow-up was carried out at 6 weeks after the treatment, by means of kidney-ureter-bladder (KUB) film and ultrasound, or helical computed tomography (CT).
RESULTS:
The overall stone-free rate was 89.5%, and the effectiveness quotient was 80. Stratifying by stone site, the stone-free rate was 93.3, 67.6, and 94.5% for proximal, middle, and distal location, respectively. Mean number of sessions per patient was 1.14. Analgesia with intravenous ketorolac or tramadol was required in 42.5% of cases. No significant side-effects were recorded.
CONCLUSIONS:
The new Doli S EMSE 220F-XXP provides similar characteristics to the Doli S EMSE 220 in terms of safety and lack of major complications, when dealing with ureteral stones; the improvement in stone disintegration is particularly evident for distal location, for which the number of pulses and the intensity of treatment can be greatly increased and the upgraded power of the device can be widely applied.

Affiliation

Department of Urology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy, sighinolfic@yahoo.com.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Surgical endoscopy
ISSN: 1432-2218
Pages:

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The destruction of a calculus of the kidney, ureter, bladder, or gallbladder by physical forces, including crushing with a lithotriptor through a catheter. Focused percutaneous ultrasound and focused hydraulic shock waves may be used without surgery. Lithotripsy does not include the dissolving of stones by acids or litholysis. Lithotripsy by laser is LITHOTRIPSY, LASER.

Stones in the URETER that are formed in the KIDNEY. They are rarely more than 5 mm in diameter for larger renal stones cannot enter ureters. They are often lodged at the ureteral narrowing and can cause excruciating renal colic.

A family of heat-shock proteins that contain a 70 amino-acid consensus sequence known as the J domain. The J domain of HSP40 heat shock proteins interacts with HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. HSP40 heat-shock proteins play a role in regulating the ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATASES activity of HSP70 heat-shock proteins.

Absence of urine formation. It is usually associated with complete bilateral ureteral (URETER) obstruction, complete lower urinary tract obstruction, or unilateral ureteral obstruction when a solitary kidney is present.

Shock produced as a result of trauma.


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