Hypotension in normotensive pregnant women treated with nifedipine as a tocolytic drug.
Summary of "Hypotension in normotensive pregnant women treated with nifedipine as a tocolytic drug."
To determine hypotensive effect of nifedipine in the treatment of preterm labor.
A descriptive analytic study was conducted on pregnant women treated with nifedipine as tocolytic drug for preterm labor. Maternal blood pressure before and at 15, 30, 45 and 60 min after administration of nifedipine was evaluated and analyzed. Hypotension was defined as a decrease in systolic or diastolic blood pressure of 15 mmHg or more.
A total of 157 pregnant women met the inclusion criteria. The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure before treatment was 109.4 and 72.5 mmHg, respectively. The blood pressure following treatment with nifedipine was significantly decreased both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.05) at 30, 45 and 60 min. Of 157 patients, 28 (17.8%) and 27 (17.2%) had systolic and diastolic hypotension, respectively. Of the patients with decreased blood pressure, the mean decrease of systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 16.3 and 14.5 mmHg, respectively.
Nifedipine was associated with a minimal but significant decrease in blood pressure. 17% of cases have hypotension. However, hypotension secondary to nifedipine was not associated with significant clinical symptoms, suggesting that nifedipine is relatively safe in terms of hypotensive effect.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20844887
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-010-1674-z
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.
Transient reduction in blood pressure levels immediately after exercises that lasts 2-12 hours. The reduction varies but is typically 5-20 mm Hg when compared to pre-exercise levels. It exists both in normotensive and hypertensive individuals and may play a role in excercise related PHYSIOLOGIC ADAPTATION.
A pregnane found in the urine of pregnant women and sows. It has anesthetic, hypnotic, and sedative properties.
Any drug treatment modality designed to inhibit UTERINE CONTRACTION. It is used in pregnant women to arrest PREMATURE LABOR.
Drugs that prevent preterm labor and immature birth by suppressing uterine contractions (TOCOLYSIS). Agents used to delay premature uterine activity include magnesium sulfate, beta-mimetics, oxytocin antagonists, calcium channel inhibitors, and adrenergic beta-receptor agonists. The use of intravenous alcohol as a tocolytic is now obsolete.
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