Combined Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Outcome After Liver Transplantation.
Summary of "Combined Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Outcome After Liver Transplantation."
Combined hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is a rare hepatobiliary malignancy incorporating components derived from both hepatocyte and intrahepatic bile duct epithelium. The natural history, treatment, and prognosis of this distinct cancer differ from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or cholangiocarcinoma (CC) and are not completely understood. There is considerable controversy about the classification, treatment, and survival, which in turn is related to the rarity of the condition. Treatment options include surgical resection and the prognosis is believed to be better than CC but worse than HCC alone.
We report a single-center liver transplantation experience with the management of three patients with combined HCC-ICC with LT. Two patients were transplanted with presumed HCC within Milan criteria and the other patient was noted to have an incidental nodule in the explanted liver. Histomorphology and immunohistochemical studies revealed the presence of combined HCC-ICC in all three explants.
One patient died 144 days after LT due to metastatic tumor. The second patient is alive and is tumor free at 8.5 years post-LT, and the third patient died of metastatic tumor at 155 days after LT.
Good long-term survival can be achieved in at least some patients with this combined tumor type.
Department of Medicine, Division of Hepatology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Digestive diseases and sciences
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20848202
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-010-1402-3
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Hepatitis B Virus, Woodchuck
An ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS causing chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma in woodchucks. It closely resembles the human hepatitis B virus.
A malignant tumor arising from the intrahepatic bile duct epithelium. It is composed of ducts lined by cuboidal or columnar cells that do not contain bile, with abundant stroma. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1455; Stedman, 25th ed)
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
The founding member of the EPH FAMILY RECEPTORS. It was first cloned from an erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line and is highly conserved among many mammalian species. Overproduction of the EphA1 receptor is associated with tumors and tumor cells of epithelial origin. It is also expressed at high levels in LIVER; LUNG; and KIDNEY; which is in contrast to many other members of the Eph receptor that are found primarily in tissues of the nervous system.
Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
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