Horner Syndrome Following a Selective Cervical Nerve Root Block.
Summary of "Horner Syndrome Following a Selective Cervical Nerve Root Block."
A 31-year-old man with cervical degenerative disc disease was seen at an outside institution for a right selective nerve root block at C7. Following the procedure, he had right ptosis and miosis. Pharmacologic testing confirmed a right Horner syndrome. MRI and MRA showed no arterial dissection. This report documents the unusual occurrence of permanent Horner syndrome following a selective cervical nerve root block.
Department of Ophthalmology, The Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20847700
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0b013e3181ea9cb1
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A syndrome associated with defective sympathetic innervation to one side of the face, including the eye. Clinical features include MIOSIS; mild BLEPHAROPTOSIS; and hemifacial ANHIDROSIS (decreased sweating)(see HYPOHIDROSIS). Lesions of the BRAIN STEM; cervical SPINAL CORD; first thoracic nerve root; apex of the LUNG; CAROTID ARTERY; CAVERNOUS SINUS; and apex of the ORBIT may cause this condition. (From Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, pp500-11)
Autonomic Nerve Block
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
The 11th cranial nerve. The accessory nerve originates from neurons in the medulla and in the cervical spinal cord. It has a cranial root, which joins the vagus (10th cranial) nerve and sends motor fibers to the muscles of the larynx, and a spinal root, which sends motor fibers to the trapezius and the sternocleidomastoid muscles. Damage to the nerve produces weakness in head rotation and shoulder elevation.
The motor nerve of the diaphragm. The phrenic nerve fibers originate in the cervical spinal column (mostly C4) and travel through the cervical plexus to the diaphragm.
The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and salivary glands, and convey afferent information for taste from the anterior two-thirds of the tongue and for touch from the external ear.
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