Reversible cognitive impairment in hypertensive encephalopathy.

Summary of "Reversible cognitive impairment in hypertensive encephalopathy."

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Department of Neurology, Dokkyo Medical University.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
ISSN: 1349-7235
Pages: 2027-8


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.

A condition of low alertness or cognitive impairment, usually associated with prolonged mental activities or stress.

Brain dysfunction or damage resulting from sustained MALIGNANT HYPERTENSION. When BLOOD PRESSURE exceeds the limits of cerebral autoregulation, cerebral blood flow is impaired (BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING; SEIZURES; altered mental status (in some cases progressing to COMA); PAPILLEDEMA; and RETINAL HEMORRHAGE.

Bleeding within the SKULL that is caused by systemic HYPERTENSION, usually in association with INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Hypertensive hemorrhages are most frequent in the BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; PONS; and THALAMUS; but may also involve the CEREBRAL CORTEX, subcortical white matter, and other brain structures.

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