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Recent regulatory guidance suggests that metabolites identified in human plasma should be present at equal or greater levels in one of the animal species used in safety assessments. In this report, an HPLC-MS/MS method is described whereby quantitative comparisons of exposures to metabolites between species can be obtained in the absence of authentic standards of the metabolites, calibration curves, and other attributes of standard bioanalytical methods. This novel method was tested using six drug/metabolites combinations. Plasma samples from animal are mixed with control plasma from human, and vice-versa, to remove possible differential effects of matrices. Through multiple ion monitoring triggered enhanced product ion (EPI) scans, all metabolites were qualitatively confirmed and daughter ions were selected for the most sensitive mass transitions to trigger EPI scans. Direct comparisons of metabolites in animal vs. human plasma were achieved by calculating the peak area ratios of the metabolites vs. internal standard. Linearity of instrument responses was established by serial dilution. A statistical analysis demonstrated that experimentally measured ratios of the parent and metabolites in rat vs. human correlated well with the nominal ratios of concentrations using linear regression with an average slope of 0.99±0.08 (r: 0.994±0.005). This analysis showed that if the experimentally determined ratio of mass spectrometer responses is ≥2.0 then the actual exposure ratio is unity or greater (p<0.01). This method offers time and resource-sparing advantages to ascertaining metabolite exposure comparisons between humans and laboratory animal species. A strategy for application of this approach within standard drug development processes is described.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals
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The method of measuring the dispersion of an optically active molecule to determine the relative magnitude of right- or left-handed components and sometimes structural features of the molecule.
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A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.
Drugs and their metabolites which are found in the edible tissues and milk of animals after their medication with specific drugs. This term can also apply to drugs found in adipose tissue of humans after drug treatment.
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