A systematic review of the literature: workplace violence in the emergency department.
Summary of "A systematic review of the literature: workplace violence in the emergency department."
Aims and objectives.â€‚ To synthesise the body of literature on workplace violence in the emergency department and to identify characteristics of intervention studies that are the basis for guiding best practice modelling in the clinical setting. The research question addressed was what are the characteristics and findings of studies since 2004 on workplace violence in the emergency department? Background.â€‚ Emergency departments are prone to increased incidents of workplace violence. Workplace violence in the health care setting has become a hot topic of policy, political debate and research in recent years. Despite the research that has been carried out in this area, little consensus exists as to what are the best practices for mitigating violence in this setting. Design.â€‚ Systematic literature review. Methods.â€‚ Search using four online databases, including MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and the Dissertations and Theses Full Text Database. Results.â€‚ Most research focused on the incidence rates of workplace violence in the emergency department and effects on staff. There was a significant lack of intervention studies to provide a framework for guiding evidence-based practice. Themes of under-reporting violence, barriers and attitudes towards reporting, description and characterisation of incidents of violence, predisposing factors and the concept of safety or lack of fear were all major content areas addressed in the literature. Conclusions.â€‚ Incidence of workplace violence in the emergency department has been well documented in numerous published studies. Emergency department workers are exposed to significant rates of physical and verbal abuse. Under-reporting of workplace violence in the emergency department is common and contributes to the difficulty in accurately tracking violence. Relevance to clinical practice.â€‚ Future research must move beyond descriptive studies to include more advanced research methods. Few practice-guiding implications can be gained from this body of research because of the lack of intervention studies.
Author:â€‚Jessica L Taylor, BSN, RN, CEN, Doctoral Student, The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing; Lynn Rew, EdD, RN, AHN-BC, FAAN, Epsilon Theta, Denton and Louise Cooley and Family Centennial Professor in Nursing, University of Texas at Au
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of clinical nursing
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20846214
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03342.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Review Literature As Topic
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.
The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.
Emergency Service, Hospital
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Emergency Medical Technicians
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
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