Dexamethasone-Induced FKBP51 Expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Could Play a Role in Predicting the Response of Asthmatics to Treatment with Corticosteroids.
Summary of "Dexamethasone-Induced FKBP51 Expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Could Play a Role in Predicting the Response of Asthmatics to Treatment with Corticosteroids."
Corticosteroids (CSs) are the preferred anti-inflammatory therapy for the treatment of asthma, but the responses of asthmatics to CSs are known to vary. It has thus become important to discover reliable markers in predicting responses to CSs.
We performed time-series microarrays using a murine model of asthma after a single dose of dexamethasone, based on the assumption that the gene showing a greater change in response to CSs can also be a potential marker for that finding. We then evaluated the clinical meaning of the gene discovered in the microarray experiments.
We found that the expression of FK506 binding protein 51 gene (FKBP51) in lung tissue markedly increased after dexamethasone treatment in a murine model of asthma. We then measured dexamethasone-induced FKBP51 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in asthmatics. Dexamethasone-induced FKBP51 expression in PBMCs was significantly higher in severe asthmatics compared with mild-to-moderate asthmatics treated with inhaled CSs. In addition, we found that dexamethasone-induced FKBP51 expression in PBMCs was inversely correlated with improvement in lung function after treatment with orally administered prednisolone in six steroid-naive asthmatics.
Dexamethasone-induced FKBP51 expression in PBMCs may be a reliable and practical biomarker in predicting the response to CSs in asthmatics.
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongondong, Chongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744, Republic of Korea.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of clinical immunology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20853021
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10875-010-9463-9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma manifested by generalized exfoliative ERYTHRODERMA; PRURITUS; peripheral lymphadenopathy, and abnormal hyperchromatic mononuclear (cerebriform) cells in the skin, LYMPH NODES, and peripheral blood (Sezary cells).
Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.
Mononuclear Phagocyte System
Mononuclear cells with pronounced phagocytic ability that are distributed extensively in lymphoid and other organs. It includes MACROPHAGES and their precursors; PHAGOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS; HISTIOCYTES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and MICROGLIA. The term mononuclear phagocyte system has replaced the former reticuloendothelial system, which also included less active phagocytic cells such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells. (From Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology, 2d ed.)
A CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein found in LIVER; ADIPOSE TISSUE; INTESTINES; LUNG; ADRENAL GLANDS; PLACENTA; OVARY and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (LEUKOCYTES, MONONUCLEAR). Experiments with knock-out mice have demonstrated that CCAAT-enhancer binding protein-alpha is essential for the functioning and differentiation of HEPATOCYTES and ADIPOCYTES.
Specialized phagocytic cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM found on the luminal surface of the hepatic sinusoids. They filter bacteria and small foreign proteins out of the blood, and dispose of worn out red blood cells.
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