Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The emergence of microfluidic immunosensors has provided a promising tool for improving clinical diagnoses. We developed an electrochemical immunoassay for the simultaneous detection of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and C-reactive protein (CRP), based on microfluidic chips.
The quantitative methodology was based on ELISA in poly(dimethylsiloxane)-gold nanoparticle composite microreactors. CdTe and ZnSe quantum dots were bioconjugated with antibodies for sandwich immunoassay. After the CdTe and ZnSe quantum dots were dissolved, Cd(2+) and Zn(2+) were detected by square-wave anodic stripping voltammetry to enable the quantification of the two biomarkers. The two biomarkers were measured in 20 human serum samples using the proposed method and commercially available methods.
This immunosensor allowed simultaneous detection of serum cTnI and CRP. The linear range of this assay was between 0.01 and 50 μg/L and 0.5 and 200 μg/L, with the detection limits of approximately 5 amol and approximately 307 amol in 30-μL samples corresponding to cTnI and CRP, respectively. Slopes close to 1 and the correlation coefficient over 0.99 were obtained for both analytes.
This strategy demonstrates a proof of principle for the successful integration of microfluidics with electrochemistry that can potentially provide an alternative to protein detection in the clinical laboratory.
Key Lab of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science (MOE), School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical chemistry
In this work, a highly sensitive label-free paper-based electrochemical immunosensor employing screen-printed working electrode (SPWE) for detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was fabricated. I...
In this work, a sensitive sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor was designed for the quantitative detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) by amperometric i-t. The Au loaded on thionine funct...
In this work, a new and label-free electrochemical immunosensor for sensitive detection of bisphenol A was reported. MWCNTs and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were modified on glassy carbon electrode surf...
We have developed a sensitive photonic crystal fiber (PCF)-based immunosensor for detection of alpha fetoprotein (AFP). The unique PCF possesses a morphology characterized by numerous pore structures ...
Highly sensitive determination of tumour markers is the key for early diagnosis of cancer. Herein, triple signal amplification strategy resulting from polymer nanospheres, Pt NPs, and DNAzyme was prop...
Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancer worldwide and the second most frequent urological cancer. The photodynamic diagnosis technique (PDD) currently used (Hexvix®) has improved ...
To generate a list of potential genetic markers that correlate with an increased risk of life-threatening arrhythmias. To evaluate ECG-based risk markers such as heart rate variability an...
Stroke is one of the most common chronic disabling conditions in Hong Kong. People after stroke may suffer from certain degree of physical impairment and disability. Resuming safe ambulati...
Simultaneous PET/MRI has the potential to improve the detection accuracy in recurrent prostate cancer, since it combines the excellent soft-tissue contrast of MRI with the high molecular s...
The aim of this study is to establish a clinically feasible simultaneous evaluation of heart and lower limb using MRI and to assess the combined benefit of clinical and cardiac MRI imaging...
The simultaneous use of multiple laboratory procedures for the detection of various diseases. These are usually performed on groups of people.
The pressure within a CARDIAC VENTRICLE. Ventricular pressure waveforms can be measured in the beating heart by catheterization or estimated using imaging techniques (e.g., DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY). The information is useful in evaluating the function of the MYOCARDIUM; CARDIAC VALVES; and PERICARDIUM, particularly with simultaneous measurement of other (e.g., aortic or atrial) pressures.
Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.
The simultaneous, or near simultaneous, transference of heart and lungs from one human or animal to another.
An electrochemical technique for measuring the current that flows in solution as a function of an applied voltage. The observed polarographic wave, resulting from the electrochemical response, depends on the way voltage is applied (linear sweep or differential pulse) and the type of electrode used. Usually a mercury drop electrode is used.
A diagnostic test is any kind of medical test performed to aid in the diagnosis or detection of disease. For example: to diagnose diseases to measure the progress or recovery from disease to confirm that a person is free from disease Clin...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...