Rheumatoid Arthritis-Interstitial Lung Disease-Associated Mortality.
Summary of "Rheumatoid Arthritis-Interstitial Lung Disease-Associated Mortality."
Mortality rates from rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease are largely unknown.
We sought to determine mortality rates from rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease in the United States from 1988 through 2004. Methods/
Using data from the National Center for Health Statistics, we calculated age-adjusted mortality rates from the deaths of persons with rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease, determined the prevalence of interstitial lung disease in all decedents with rheumatoid arthritis, and compared the age and underlying cause of death in these two cohorts of decedents. MAIN
From 1988 to 2004, there were 39,138,394 deaths in US residents and 162,032 rheumatoid arthritis-associated deaths. Of these deaths, 10,725 (6.6%) met criteria for rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung. Mortality rates from rheumatoid arthritis fell over the course of this study in both women and men. However, mortality rates from rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease increased 28.3% in women (to 3.1 per million persons in 2004) and declined 12.5% in men (to 1.5 per million persons in 2004). Because the rate of decline in rheumatoid arthritis outpaced rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease in men, the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease increased in both sexes over time.
Clinically significant RA-ILD occurs in a minimum of 10% of the RA population, and is associated with shortened survival and more severe underlying disease. While overall mortality rates in RA have fallen, those associated with RA-ILD have increased significantly in older age groups.
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, National Jewish Health, Interstitial Lung Disease Program & Autoimmune Lung Center, Denver, Colorado, United States.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20851924
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201004-0622OC
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Still's Disease, Adult-onset
Systemic-onset rheumatoid arthritis in adults. It differs from classical rheumatoid arthritis in that it is more often marked by acute febrile onset, and generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly are more prominent.
Gold Sodium Thiomalate
A variable mixture of the mono- and disodium salts of gold thiomalic acid used mainly for its anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It is most effective in active progressive rheumatoid arthritis and of little or no value in the presence of extensive deformities or in the treatment of other forms of arthritis.
Lung Diseases, Interstitial
A diverse group of lung diseases that affect the lung parenchyma. They are characterized by an initial inflammation of PULMONARY ALVEOLI that extends to the interstitium and beyond leading to diffuse PULMONARY FIBROSIS. Interstitial lung diseases are classified by their etiology (known or unknown causes), and radiological-pathological features.
Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex
A member of the S-100 protein family that is present at high levels in the blood and interstitial fluid in several infectious, inflammatory, and malignant disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and cystic fibrosis. It is a complex of a light chain (CALGRANULIN A) and a heavy chain (CALGRANULIN B). L1 binds calcium through an EF-hand motif, and has been shown to possess antimicrobial activity.
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