Long circulation and cytotoxicity of PEGylated gemcitabine and its potential for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.
Summary of "Long circulation and cytotoxicity of PEGylated gemcitabine and its potential for the treatment of pancreatic cancer."
Gemcitabine [2', 2'-difluoro-2'-deoxycytidine (dFdC)] is a low molecular weight, deoxycytidine analog inhibiting cellular DNA synthesis. Currently, it is the frontline drug approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. However, efforts to use gemcitabine as an anti-cancer agent have been limited by its short circulation time and rapid metabolism that reflects in low tumor uptake and intracellular action. Polymer-drug conjugates, in this regard have spawned an approach to improve the cytotoxicity efficiency and bioavailability of gemcitabine by chemical modification. The present study describes the synthesis of a water soluble formulation of PEGylated gemcitabine characterized by FT IR, (1)H NMR and RP-HPLC chromatography. The PEGylated gemcitabine has a prolonged circulation time in plasma as studied in an animal model. This eventually caused a marked improvement in the cytotoxicity and apoptosis-inducing activity in pancreatic cancer cell lines (MIA PaCa 2 and PANC 1). Hence, these findings demonstrate the PEGylated gemcitabine is a desirable approach for therapy by intravenous administration. Successful clinical application of this approach can significantly contribute to the treatment of pancreatic cancer.
Laboratory of Nanomedicine, Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, Chandrasekarpur, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20851464
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.08.010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.
Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.
Trypsin Inhibitor, Kazal Pancreatic
A pancreatic trypsin inhibitor common to all mammals. It is secreted with the zymogens into the pancreatic juice. It is a protein composed of 56 amino acid residues and is different in amino acid composition and physiological activity from the Kunitz bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (APROTININ).
A true cyst of the PANCREAS, distinguished from the much more common PANCREATIC PSEUDOCYST by possessing a lining of mucous EPITHELIUM. Pancreatic cysts are categorized as congenital, retention, neoplastic, parasitic, enterogenous, or dermoid. Congenital cysts occur more frequently as solitary cysts but may be multiple. Retention cysts are gross enlargements of PANCREATIC DUCTS secondary to ductal obstruction. (From Bockus Gastroenterology, 4th ed, p4145)
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