Neutralization of interleukin (IL)-10 released by monocytes/macrophages enhances the up-regulatory effect of monocyte/macrophage-derived IL-6 on expressions of IL-6 and MUC1, and migration in HT-29 colon cancer cells.
Summary of "Neutralization of interleukin (IL)-10 released by monocytes/macrophages enhances the up-regulatory effect of monocyte/macrophage-derived IL-6 on expressions of IL-6 and MUC1, and migration in HT-29 colon cancer cells."
The interactions between monocyte-derived IL-6 and IL-10 in colon cancer are unknown. We continued previous work that showed monocyte/macrophage-derived IL-6 induces IL-6 and MUC1 expression in HT-29 cancer cells, and evaluated if IL-10 present in monocyte/macrophage is involved in this IL-6-mediated effect. We treated HT-29 cells with monocyte/macrophage supernatant following neutralization of monocyte/macrophage-released IL-10. Neutralization markedly enhanced monocyte/macrophage-derived IL-6 effects on HT-29 cells including IL-6 and MUC1 production and cell migration. Double blocking of IL-6 and IL-10 in monocyte/macrophage supernatants abolished this enhancement. Western blot analysis of STAT3 phosphorylation showed that this augmented response in HT-29 cells following IL-10 neutralization is probably mediated through enhanced IL-6-induced phosphorylation (Tyr(705)) of STAT3 proteins. Therefore, monocytes/macrophages have the capacity to release the functionally associated cytokines IL-6 and IL-10 whose interactions can account for the pathogenesis and progression of colon cancer.
Division of Hemato-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung and Chang Gung University, College of Medicine, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Basic Medicine, Medical College of Chang Gung University and Chang Gung Memor
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cellular immunology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20851386
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellimm.2010.07.014
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A soluble factor produced by MONOCYTES; MACROPHAGES, and other cells which activates T-lymphocytes and potentiates their response to mitogens or antigens. Interleukin-1 is a general term refers to either of the two distinct proteins, INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The biological effects of IL-1 include the ability to replace macrophage requirements for T-cell activation.
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