Assessment of Lithogenic Risk in Children Based on a Morning Spot Urine Sample.
Summary of "Assessment of Lithogenic Risk in Children Based on a Morning Spot Urine Sample."
: The Bonn Risk Index has been used to evaluate the risk of urinary calcium oxalate stone formation. According to the original method, risk should be determined based on 24-hour urine collection. We studied whether the Bonn Risk Index could be measured in spot urine samples and which part of the day is most suitable for this purpose. MATERIALS AND
: We collected total and fractionated 24-hour urine (in a 6-hour nocturnal portion and 9 consecutive 2-hour diurnal samples) in 42 children and adolescents with calcium oxalate urolithiasis and 46 controls. Bonn Risk Index values determined from each of the urine fractions were compared to those obtained from related 24-hour urine collections.
: Both groups exhibited similar circadian patterns of Bonn Risk Index values. Median Bonn Risk Index for the nighttime portion of urine in the stone group was 1.4 times higher than that obtained from the total 24-hour urine. The morning hours between 08:00 and 10:00 showed the peak lithogenic risk, and this fraction had the highest sensitivity and selectivity regarding discrimination between stone formers and healthy subjects. The afternoon hours demonstrated lower and less fluctuating crystallization risk. Despite diurnal fluctuations in Bonn Risk Index, there was still a well-defined cutoff between the groups.
: Bonn Risk Index determined from urine samples collected between 08:00 and 10:00 appears optimal in separating stone formers from healthy subjects, and appears as useful as the value determined from 24-hour urine collection. Investigation of this diurnal sample simplifies diagnosis in pediatric stone disease without loss of clinical information.
Department of Pediatric Nephrology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of urology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20850811
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2010.06.134
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Symptoms of NAUSEA and VOMITING in pregnant women that usually occur in the morning during the first 2 to 3 months of PREGNANCY. Severe persistent vomiting during pregnancy is called HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDARUM.
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Multidisciplinary field focusing on prevention of infectious diseases and patient safety during international TRAVEL. Key element of the pretravel physician's visit is a health risk assessment.
The science concerned with the benefit and risk of drugs used in populations and the analysis of the outcomes of drug therapies. Pharmacoepidemiologic data come from both clinical trials and epidemiological studies with emphasis on methods for the detection and evaluation of drug-related adverse effects, assessment of risk vs benefit ratios in drug therapy, patterns of drug utilization, the cost-effectiveness of specific drugs, methodology of postmarketing surveillance, and the relation between pharmacoepidemiology and the formulation and interpretation of regulatory guidelines. (Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 1992;1(1); J Pharmacoepidemiol 1990;1(1))
Early Intervention (education)
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
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