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Study design:Prospective study.Objectives:To assess and quantify Rossolimo reflexes using an electrophysiological test, and correlate the findings with the severity of spinal cord dysfunction in cervical and thoracic spondylotic myelopathy (CTSM).Setting:A university neurorehabilitation center.Methods:We enlisted 42 patients with CTSM between the fifth cervical and the ninth thoracic cord levels. Using electrophysiological assessments, Rossolimo reflexes were evaluated in all patients. Conduction latencies and amplitude of muscle action potentials (MAPs) of the reflexes were measured, analyzed and compared with the grading of spinal cord dysfunction and the cord compression ratios.Results:We found a high diagnostic sensitivity of quantified Rossolimo reflex in patients with CTSM. A positive correlation exists between the MAP amplitude of Rossolimo reflexes and the different grades of spinal cord dysfunction. A negative linear relationship was found between the MAP amplitude of Rossolimo reflexes and the cord compression ratios in CTSM patients.Conclusion:Rossolimo reflexes can be measured by electrophysiological assessments, and we demonstrate a quantification method for an established neurological sign. Not only is the Rossolimo reflex found to be a highly sensitive test in clinical neurological examination but the electrophysiological assessment for this reflex can also serve as an objective marker for evaluation of the severity of spinal cord dysfunction in CTSM.Spinal Cord advance online publication, 13 July 2010; doi:10.1038/sc.2010.81.
Section of Neurorehabilitation, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University College of Medicine and Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Spinal cord : the official journal of the International Medical Society of Paraplegia
Prospective Comparison of Age- and Sex-Related Differences in Quantifiable 10-S Grip and Release and 10-S Step Test Results for Diagnosis of Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy in 454 Patients with Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy and 818 Asymptomatic Subjects.
A prospective comparison OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this prospective study was to verify the clinical effectiveness of the 10-s grip and release (G&R) and 10-s step quantitative tests for assessing th...
We aimed to critically analyze the current evidence regarding the role of dynamic supine MRI (dsMRI) in the evaluation of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).
We conducted a meta-analysis of eligible studies to compare the surgical outcomes between diabetic patients and non-diabetic patients who have undergone cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).
Combination of ACDF and ACCF (Anterior cervical discectomy or corpectomy with fusion) has been demonstrated to be effective for multi-level CSM (cervical spondylotic myelopathy). However, the combinat...
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a functional disturbance in the spinal cord as a result of degenerative changes within the cervical spinal column. This review discusses the history of CSM and...
There is no difference in surgical outcomes for patients suffering from cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated with anterior decompression and fusion or posterior cervical laminoplasty.
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The purpose of the study is to determine the optimal surgical approach (ventral versus dorsal) for patients with multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). There are no establishe...
CSM (Cervical spondylotic myelopathy) is the most common cause of spinal cord injury worldwide. While there is evidence from the recently completed SpineNet prospective study that surgical...
The primary purpose of this study is to compare anterior and posterior surgical approach in treatment of CSM in terms of surgical complications and neurological, functional, disease-specif...
Still images produced from radiation-sensitive materials (sensitive to light, electron beams, or nuclear radiation), generally by means of the chemical action of light on a sensitive film, paper, glass, or metal. Photographs may be positive or negative, opaque or transparent.
Vaccines used in conjunction with diagnostic tests to differentiate vaccinated animals from carrier animals. Marker vaccines can be either a subunit or a gene-deleted vaccine.
Genetic disorder of mucopolysaccharide metabolism characterized by skeletal abnormalities, joint instability, development of cervical myelopathy, and excessive urinary keratan sulfate. There are two biochemically distinct forms, each due to a deficiency of a different enzyme.
A highly-sensitive (in the picomolar range, which is 10,000-fold more sensitive than conventional electrophoresis) and efficient technique that allows separation of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and CARBOHYDRATES. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)
Spinal Cord Disorders
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