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Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) are biopolyesters reported to provide favorable microenvironments for cell culture and possess potential for tissue engineering applications. Both biopolymers have been investigated for applications in a variety of medical scenarios, including nerve and bone repair. This study investigated the influence these biomaterials exerted on cell cycle progression of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) commonly used in the engineering of nerve and bone tissues. Cell cycle regulation is important for cell survival; analysis revealed that the biomaterials induced significant cell cycle progression in both MSCs and OECs. Significantly higher percentages of cells were cycled at synthesis (S) phase of the cycle on PHBV films compared to PHB, with MSCs more susceptible than OECs. Furthermore, detection of early stages of apoptotic activation showed significant differences in the two cell populations exhibiting necrosis and apoptosis when cultivated on the biomaterials. OECs compromised on PHB (5.6%) and PHBV (2.5%) compared to MSCs with 12.6% on PHB and 17% on PHBV. Significant differences in crystallinity and surface rugosity were determined between films of the two biomaterials, 88% and 1.12 μm for PHB and 76% and 0.72 μm for PHBV. While changes in surface properties may have influenced cell adhesion, the work presented here suggests that application of these biomaterials in tissue engineering are specific to cell type and requires a detailed investigation at the cell-material interface.
Bio/Polymers Research Group, Centre for Advanced Macromolecular Design, School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Polysialic acid (PSA) and hyaluronan (HA) are non-immunogenic and biodegradable natural polysaccharides, but HA belongs to glycosaminoglycans and can be immediately degraded by human enzymes. In this ...
Material-induced cell aggregation drives a proangiogenic expression profile. Copolymer substrates containing cell-repellent and cell-adhesive domains force the aggregation of human mesenchymal stem ce...
The role of complement, especially through the C5a fragment, is well-known for the initiation of inflammation. Its involvement in regeneration has been shown more recently by the recruitment of mesenc...
Polyalkylated copolymers based on mPEG-b-(AGE-C6,12 or 18)25 have been used to formulate clinically relevant concentrations of doxorubicin (DOX) and the impact of drug incorporation on copolymer aggre...
The purpose of this study is to compare adhesion prophylaxis with polylactide-caprolactone-trimethylenecarbonate copolymer to icodextrin 4% in terms of safety, side effects and usability i...
OBJECTIVES: I. Compare tolerance to and therapeutic impact of copolymer 1, a mixture of synthetic polypeptides, with placebo in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of a triclosan-containing toothpaste in the profile of osteo-immunoinflammatory mediators in the peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) an...
The aim of this study is to survey melanocytes in the ability of self-assembly on biomaterials and functional analysis in vitro. Also, this study may provide a better way for treatment of ...
This is a single center, double blinded, randomized, controlled trial. Qualified subjects will be enrolled and randomized to either one of the two study groups: a) using 0.3% triclosan/cop...
Copolymer of divinyl ether and maleic anhydride that acts as an immunostimulant with antineoplastic and anti-infective properties. It is used in combination with other antineoplastic agents.
Specialized stem cells that are committed to give rise to cells that have a particular function; examples are MYOBLASTS; MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS; and skin stem cells. (Stem Cells: A Primer [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); 2000 May [cited 2002 Apr 5]. Available from: http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/primer.htm)
Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.
Experimentation on STEM CELLS and on the use of stem cells.
The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development. Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry. BioPort...