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Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) are biopolyesters reported to provide favorable microenvironments for cell culture and possess potential for tissue engineering applications. Both biopolymers have been investigated for applications in a variety of medical scenarios, including nerve and bone repair. This study investigated the influence these biomaterials exerted on cell cycle progression of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) commonly used in the engineering of nerve and bone tissues. Cell cycle regulation is important for cell survival; analysis revealed that the biomaterials induced significant cell cycle progression in both MSCs and OECs. Significantly higher percentages of cells were cycled at synthesis (S) phase of the cycle on PHBV films compared to PHB, with MSCs more susceptible than OECs. Furthermore, detection of early stages of apoptotic activation showed significant differences in the two cell populations exhibiting necrosis and apoptosis when cultivated on the biomaterials. OECs compromised on PHB (5.6%) and PHBV (2.5%) compared to MSCs with 12.6% on PHB and 17% on PHBV. Significant differences in crystallinity and surface rugosity were determined between films of the two biomaterials, 88% and 1.12 μm for PHB and 76% and 0.72 μm for PHBV. While changes in surface properties may have influenced cell adhesion, the work presented here suggests that application of these biomaterials in tissue engineering are specific to cell type and requires a detailed investigation at the cell-material interface.
Bio/Polymers Research Group, Centre for Advanced Macromolecular Design, School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Important topics in the future of biomaterials and stem cells for bone tissue engineering: Comments from the participants of the International Symposium on Recent Trend of Biomaterials and Stem Cells for Bone Tissue Engineering at Changchun, China.
The potential treatments for neurodegenerative disorders will be revolutionized by the transplantation of stem cells or neuronal progenitors derived from these cells. It is however crucial to better m...
Petroleum polymers contribute to non-degradable waste materials and it would therefore be desirable to produce ecofriendly degradable materials. Biodegradation of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) in the pres...
The influence of sex on hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related outcomes is often neglected. The effects of sex on liver fibrosis progression and the effect of socioeconomic status on management are unclear.
Quiescence is highly regulated to preserve stem cell function. In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Zismanov et al. (2016) show that P-eIF2α, a translational initiation factor, reinforces the quiescent ...
The purpose of this study is to compare adhesion prophylaxis with polylactide-caprolactone-trimethylenecarbonate copolymer to icodextrin 4% in terms of safety, side effects and usability i...
OBJECTIVES: I. Compare tolerance to and therapeutic impact of copolymer 1, a mixture of synthetic polypeptides, with placebo in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
The aim of this study is to survey melanocytes in the ability of self-assembly on biomaterials and functional analysis in vitro. Also, this study may provide a better way for treatment of ...
This is a single center, double blinded, randomized, controlled trial. Qualified subjects will be enrolled and randomized to either one of the two study groups: a) using 0.3% triclosan/cop...
Aim: to investigate the clinical effectiveness over 12 weeks of three different biomaterials, nano-hydroxyapatite based, in the therapy of the dental sensitivity. Methods: The study is de...
Copolymer of divinyl ether and maleic anhydride that acts as an immunostimulant with antineoplastic and anti-infective properties. It is used in combination with other antineoplastic agents.
Specialized stem cells that are committed to give rise to cells that have a particular function; examples are MYOBLASTS; MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS; and skin stem cells. (Stem Cells: A Primer [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); 2000 May [cited 2002 Apr 5]. Available from: http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/primer.htm)
Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.
Experimentation on STEM CELLS and on the use of stem cells.
The period of the CELL CYCLE preceding DNA REPLICATION in S PHASE. Subphases of G1 include "competence" (to respond to growth factors), G1a (entry into G1), G1b (progression), and G1c (assembly). Progression through the G1 subphases is effected by limiting growth factors, nutrients, or inhibitors.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Track and monitor developments in stem cell research and commercial development. Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on stem cells and follow companies active in the stem cell industry. BioPort...