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After showing significantly lower complication rates in diagnostic coronary angiography, the radial artery access was successfully introduced as a useful vascular access site for transradial percutaneous coronary intervention in order to enhance patients' comfort and reduce hospital workload and costs. Moreover, due to the reduced need for antiplatelet therapy cessation as a result of lower bleeding complications, patients treated with transradial access showed a significantly better cardiac outcome in randomized interventional acute coronary syndrome studies.Procedural success and postprocedural radial arteritis or radial occlusions are closely related to anatomical circumstances (e.g., anomalous radial branching patterns, tortuosity, e.g., radial loops and small radial artery diameters), or risk factors for radial spasms (e.g. smoking, anxiety, vessel diameter, age, gender) which can effectively be reduced by the use of smaller catheters (4-5 Fr) and the administration of an adjuvant pharmacological therapy before (3000 U heparin, verapamil, nitroglycerine) and after (ibuprofen) the intervention.For successful radial sheath access and transradial catheterization, it is important to use dedicated radial access needles ≤21-gauge and steel wires ≤0.018 in. In order to pass the brachiocephalic trunk without difficulties or complications and access the ascending aorta, the use of inspiration maneuvers is of central importance.
Department of Cardiology-Angiology, Heart and Vascular Center Neu-Bethelehem, Humboldtallee 6, 37073, Göttingen, Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Gender is a strong predictor of periprocedural major bleeding complications after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The access site represents an important site of such bleeding complications,...
We report a case of an accidental finding of an aberrant right subclavian artery diagnosed in an adult man during a 4-French coronary angiography performed by right transradial access, then confirmed ...
In order to obviate double arterial access for bi-coronary visualization during transradial intervention of chronic total coronary occlusions, a novel technique was used. A 3-in-6 mother-and-child tec...
The aim was to study transradial approach (TRA) and transfemoral approach (TFA) in terms of feasibility, effectiveness, usefulness, and procedure characteristics in patients having ST-segment elevatio...
Percutaneous coronary procedures are undergoing a paradigm shift from femoral to forearm approach due to obvious advantages in terms of patient safety and comfort, and faster time to ambulation. Trans...
Transradial approach of cardiac catheterization is a common alternative to transfemoral access for diagnostic coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The transr...
Transradial approach (TRA) reduces vascular complications and access related-bleeding compared to transfemoral approach (TFA). However, this technique has been related to higher radiation ...
Transradial coronary procedures are gaining in popularity worldwide. A possible complication of transradial approach is the occlusion of the radial artery that in most cases is asymptomati...
The aim of this study is to compare the radial and femoral access for percutaneous interventions in the acute phase of the ST elevation acute myocardial infarction in terms of efficacy and...
Outcomes of patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are directly related to reperfusion time. Effect of transradial approach (left vs right) on reperfusion time has ...
Percutaneous transluminal procedure for removing atheromatous plaque from the coronary arteries. Both directional (for removing focal atheromas) and rotational (for removing concentric atheromatous plaque) atherectomy devices have been used.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilatation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of balloon dilatation in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, TRANSLUMINAL, PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY is available.
Surgical excision of the gingiva at the level of its attachment, thus creating new marginal gingiva. This procedure is used to eliminate gingival or periodontal pockets or to provide an approach for extensive surgical interventions, and to gain access necessary to remove calculus within the pocket. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Dilatation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
Percutaneous excision of a herniated or displaced intervertebral disk by posterolateral approach, always remaining outside the spinal canal. Percutaneous nucleotomy was first described by Hijikata in Japan in 1975. In 1985 Onik introduced automated percutaneous nucleotomy which consists in percutaneous aspiration of the nucleus pulposus. It is carried out under local anesthesia, thus reducing the surgical insult and requiring brief hospitalization, often performed on an outpatient basis. It appears to be a well-tolerated alternative to surgical diskectomy and chymopapain nucleolysis.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...