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Esterification of oleic acid in a three-phase, fixed-bed reactor packed with a cation exchange resin catalyst.

Summary of "Esterification of oleic acid in a three-phase, fixed-bed reactor packed with a cation exchange resin catalyst."

Esterification of oleic acid was performed in a three-phase fixed-bed reactor with a cation exchange resin catalyst (Amberlyst-15) at high temperature, which was varied from 80 to 120°C. The fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) yields in the fixed-bed reactor were increased with increases in the reaction temperature, methanol flow rate and bed height. Moreover, the FAME yields were higher than those obtained using a batch reactor due to an equilibrium shift toward the product that resulted from continuous evaporation of the produced water. In addition, there was no catalyst deactivation during the esterification of oleic acid. However, addition of sunflower oil to the oleic acid reduced the FAME yield obtained from simultaneous esterification and transesterification. The FAME yield was 97.5% at a reaction temperature of 100°C in the fixed-bed with a height of 5cm when the methanol and oleic acid feed rates were 8.6 and 9.0mL/h, respectively.

Affiliation

Department of Living Environmental Science, Fukuoka Women's University, 1-1-1 Kasumigaoka, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 813-8529, Japan.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bioresource technology
ISSN: 1873-2976
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