Coronary slow-flow phenomenon or syndrome Y: a microvascular angina awaiting recognition.
Summary of "Coronary slow-flow phenomenon or syndrome Y: a microvascular angina awaiting recognition."
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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Pages: 239-40; author reply 240
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20620747
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2009.09.082
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Complete blockage of blood flow through one of the CORONARY ARTERIES, usually from CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial
The ratio of maximum blood flow to the MYOCARDIUM with CORONARY STENOSIS present, to the maximum equivalent blood flow without stenosis. The measurement is commonly used to verify borderline stenosis of CORONARY ARTERIES.
Coronary-subclavian Steal Syndrome
A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.
A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
The coronary slow flow phenomenon [CSFP] is a coronary microvascular disorder, characterized by delayed distal vessel opacification despite the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Patients...
Slow coronary flow (SCF) phenomenon is a coronary microvascular disorder characterized by the delayed passage of contrast in the absence of obstructive epicardial coronary disease, and is an important...
A 48-year-old man presented with severe chest pain that had started 2 h before and ST elevation on the electrocardiogram. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) was performed using a 64-slice multidetector...
Microvascular angina (MVA) is an often overlooked cause of significant chest pain. Decreased myocardial perfusion secondary to dysregulated blood flow in the microvasculature can occur in the presence...
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of microvascular angina (cardiac syndrome X, CSX), (effort-induced angina, a positive response to exercise stress testing and angiographically normal coronary arteries)...
The purpose of this study is to determine if long-term vasodilatory treatment is more effective than the standard treatment in hypertensive patients with microvascular angina pectoris
The investigators will investigate patients undergoing coronary angiography with normal coronary but slow blood flow that was normalized after adenosine injection into the coronary artery...
Abnormal coronary microvascular vasodilation has been demonstrated in patients with diabetes and metabolic syndrome, but the role of insulin resistance in its pathogenesis is not clear. Th...
Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndromes frequently fails to restore myocardial perfusion despite establishing epicardial vessel patency. Endotheli...
Males and females aged 18-80 years who present with ACS (unstable angina and non ST-elevation MI) defined as one or more episodes of angina lasting at least 5 minutes in the last 24 hours...