Classification of behavior disorders in adolescence: Scaling methods, predictive validity, and gender differences.

17:48 EDT 18th September 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Classification of behavior disorders in adolescence: Scaling methods, predictive validity, and gender differences."

The present study examined issues relating to the measurement and discriminant validity of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnostic criteria for behavior disorders in adolescence (conduct disorder [CD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). Data were obtained from a birth cohort of 995 New Zealand-born individuals studied to the age of 25 years and modeled associations between behavior disorder from ages 14 to 16 years and later outcomes including crime, substance use, mental health, parenthood and partnership outcomes, and education and employment outcomes to age 25 years. The associations between behavior disorders and outcomes were adjusted for both comorbid behavior disorders and a range of confounding factors. The results suggested that (a) dimensional measures of behavior disorder were more strongly correlated with outcomes than categorical (DSM) measures; (b) CD, ODD, and ADHD each had a distinctive pattern of associations with longer term consequences; and (c) there was no evidence to suggest that the developmental consequences of CD, ODD, and ADHD differed by gender. In general, the results supported the validity of DSM diagnostic domains but also highlighted the importance of including in DSM-V methods for both recognizing the severity of disorder and addressing subclinical symptom levels. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of abnormal psychology
ISSN: 1939-1846
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [20346 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Predictive Validity of Delay Discounting Behavior in Adolescence: A Longitudinal Twin Study.

A standard assumption in the delay discounting literature is that individuals who exhibit steeper discounting of hypothetical rewards also experience greater difficulty deferring gratification to real...

Effectiveness of narrow band imaging in the detection of pre-malignant and malignant lesions of the larynx: Validation of a new endoscopic clinical classification.

Background: This study aims to assess the value of narrow band imaging (NBI) endoscopy in the diagnosis of pharyngo-laryngeal lesions and to demonstrate the validity of a new NBI-based classification ...

The Psychosomatic Disorders Pertaining to Dental Practice with Revised Working Type Classification.

Psychosomatic disorders are defined as disorders characterized by physiological changes that originate partially from emotional factors. This article aims to discuss the psychosomatic disorders of the...

The measurement properties of modified Rivermead mobility index and modified functional ambulation classification as outcome measures for Chinese stroke patients.

Abstract Valid, reliable, responsive and practical outcome measures are essential for treatment planning and outcome assessment. This study aimed to examine the measurement properties of Modified Rive...

Validity of the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale for youth with autism spectrum disorders.

High rates of anxiety and depression are reported among youth with autism spectrum disorders. These conditions are generally assessed using measures validated for typically developing youth. Few studi...

Clinical Trials [3156 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Validity of the Kinematic Classification of Gait in Diplegic Children With Cerebral Palsy (CP)

In recent years Ferrari et al. proposed a new classification of gait in diplegic children with spastic diplegia that describes four different patterns of gait by analyzing the strategies ...

Study of Children at Risk for Disruptive Behavior Disorders

A conduct disorder is characterized by repetitive and persistent patterns of behavior where the basic rights of others and rules are violated. This study investigates characteristics of c...

Pilot Study to Assess Feasibility, Reliability and Validity of the e-SSRS-IVR

The proposed study is designed to evaluate the clinical contents of the e-SSRS-IVR with respect to 1.the intent of the instrument (assess face and content validity), 2. system validation w...

Study of Scaling and Root Planing With PerioWave Versus Scaling and Root Planing Alone in Chronic Periodontitis

This study is to determine whether scaling and root planing (SRP) followed by photodynamic disinfection results in improved outcomes that persist over time in adults with chronic periodont...

Speech Characteristics in Coronary Heart Disease

To improve the predictive validity of Structured Interview assessments of Type A behavior by comparing interviewer techniques in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) and the...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.

The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.

Those psychiatric disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence. These disorders can also be first diagnosed during other life stages.

Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.

Various conditions with the symptom of HEADACHE. Headache disorders are classified into major groups, such as PRIMARY HEADACHE DISORDERS (based on characteristics of their headache symptoms) and SECONDARY HEADACHE DISORDERS (based on their etiologies). (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)

Search BioPortfolio:
Loading