Exercise improves bladder function in diabetic mice.
Summary of "Exercise improves bladder function in diabetic mice."
We determined the effect of exercise on bladder dysfunction and voiding frequency in db/db mice. MATERIALS AND
Diabetic db/db female mice (BKS.Cg-Dock7m +/+ Leprdb/J strain) and their age-matched wild-type controls (WT) were equally divided into sedentary and exercise groups. Mice were exercised for 1 hr everyday for 8 weeks (speed of 5.2 m/min). We performed a voiding pattern test, cystometric analysis and reactivity of isolated bladder strips in WT and db/db mice, both sedentary and exercised.
Diabetes increased the frequency of voiding, bladder capacity, and residual volume. Exercise decreased voiding frequency in db/db mice; voiding frequency was 5.8 ± 0.5 (db/db exercise) versus 10.8 ± 1.1 (db/db control, P < 0.001). In cystometric analysis, the bladder capacity of db/db sedentary mice was 0.27 ± 0.05 ml and was 0.14 ± 0.02 ml in the db/db exercise group (P < 0.05), whereas the residual volume was 0.2 ± 0.03 ml in db/db sedentary mice and 0.06 ± 0.02 ml in db/db Ex mice. Isolated strips of bladder muscle from sedentary db/db mice were more responsive to carbachol than strips from db/db exercise mice. Exercise did not improve the urodynamic properties of WT mice, both sedentary and exercised.
Exercise improves bladder function in diabetic mice by reducing voiding frequency and improving urodynamic parameters. Neurourol. Urodyn. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neurourology and urodynamics
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Mice, Inbred Nod
A strain of non-obese diabetic mice developed in Japan that has been widely studied as a model for T-cell-dependent autoimmune insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in which insulitis is a major histopathologic feature, and in which genetic susceptibility is strongly MHC-linked.
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)
A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by an azido group. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. The compound is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA during reverse transcription. It improves immunologic function, partially reverses the HIV-induced neurological dysfunction, and improves certain other clinical abnormalities associated with AIDS. Its principal toxic effect is dose-dependent suppression of bone marrow, resulting in anemia and leukopenia.
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