Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who are treated with mastectomy seldom recur locally or with metastatic disease. When patients with DCIS recur with invasive cancer, they are upstaged and their lives are threatened. We questioned whether histopathologic data could be used to predict these infrequent events.
We reviewed a prospective database of 1,472 patients with pure DCIS. All patients were scored from 4 to 12 using the USC Van Nuys Prognostic Index, an algorithm based on DCIS size, nuclear grade, necrosis, margin width, and patient age. Probabilities of recurrence and death were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
A total of 496 patients with pure DCIS were treated with mastectomy. None received any form of postmastectomy adjuvant treatment. Average follow-up was 83 months. Eleven patients developed recurrences, all of whom scored 10-12 using the USC/VNPI. No patient who scored 4-9 recurred. All 11 patients who recurred had multifocal disease and comedo-type necrosis. The probability of disease recurrence after mastectomy for patients scoring 10-12 was 9.6% at 12 years, compared with 0% for those scoring 4-9. There was no difference in overall survival.
There were no recurrences among mastectomy patients who scored 4-9 using the USC/VNPI. Patients scoring 10-12 were significantly more likely to develop recurrence after mastectomy. At risk were young patients with large, high-grade, and multifocal or multicentric tumors. For every 100 patients with USC/VNPI scores of 10-12, 10 patients will recur by 12 years and 2-3 will develop metastatic disease.
Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annals of surgical oncology
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) accounts for 20% of all newly diagnosed breast cancers. Mastectomy was once the gold standard for the treatment of DCIS; however, breast-conserving surgery (BCS) has be...
We seek to investigate the prognostic factors that could possibly increase the locoregional recurrence of breast cancer patients who do not achieve pathological complete response after neoadjuvant che...
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the correlation between human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression and some poor prognosis factors in patients affected by ductal carcinoma...
When ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is found on core needle biopsy, rates of upgrade to invasive cancer of 25 per cent and nodal positivity of 10 per cent have been reported. Sentinel lymph node diss...
Low-dose tamoxifen has comparable antiproliferative effect to the standard dose of 20 mg/day in biomarker trials, but its clinical efficacy remains unclear. We assessed the effect of low-dose tamoxife...
A substantial number of DCIS lesions will never form a health hazard, particularly if it concerns slow-growing low-grade DCIS. This implies that many women might be unnecessarily going thr...
To evaluate whether the use of the Oncotype DX DCIS score can guide delivery of radiation in women with low to moderate risk DCIS who have had breast conserving surgery
Postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) is unequivocally beneficial in reducing the recurrences as well as improving survival in node positive breast cancer patients. PMRT for women with T1-T2 ...
Primary Objectives: - To prospectively evaluate the feasibility of nipple-areolar complex (NAC) sparing mastectomy as an alternative procedure to skin-sparing mastectomy for patie...
This is an open-label, non-randomized pharmacokinetic study of pre-surgical fulvestrant in women scheduled for mastectomy. Eligible subjects will be identified with breast cancer or DCIS, ...
Total mastectomy with axillary node dissection, but with preservation of the pectoral muscles.
Radical mastectomy with removal of the ipsilateral half of the sternum and a portion of ribs two through five with the underlying pleura and the internal mammary lymph nodes.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Track and monitor developments in breast cancer research and commercial development. Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on breast cancer and follow companies active in the development of breast cancer tr...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...