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A retrospective study of patients admitted to MetroHealth Medical Center was performed to identify the risk factors for short- and long-term ophthalmologic complications related to burn injury. From 2000 to 2007, the authors identified 293 patients with the inclusion criteria of facial burns, TBSA ≥20%, or smoke inhalation injury. Seventy (24%) developed ocular complications, and 16 (11%) developed long-term complications. Statistically significant risk factors identified for short-term complications were burn size, chemical burns, depth of facial burns, initial Glasgow Coma Scale, and need for mechanical ventilation/ sedation. Risk factors for long-term complications included wound infection with Pseudomonas or Acinetobacter, third-degree burn size, hours to ophthalmology evaluation, LOS, time on mechanical ventilation, and need for STSG. In addition to facial burns, the requirement of mechanical ventilation, prolonged sedation, and presence of infection with Pseudomonas or Acinetobacter increase the risk of injury to the eye after burn injury, and these patients may benefit from serial eye examinations for early identification of ocular complications.
From the •••.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
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Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.
The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
Burns of the respiratory tract caused by heat or inhaled chemicals.
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