Executive Dysfunction in School-Age Children With ADHD.
Summary of "Executive Dysfunction in School-Age Children With ADHD."
Objective: The study examined executive function deficits (EFD) in school-age children (7 to 14 years) with ADHD. Method: A clinical sample of children diagnosed with ADHD (n = 49) was compared to a population sample (n = 196) on eight executive function (EF) measures. Then, the prevalence of EFD in clinical and non-clinical children was examined at the individual level according to three methods previously applied to define EFD, and a fourth method was included to control for the effect of age on performance. Results: Children with ADHD were significantly more impaired on measures of EF than children without ADHD at the group level. However, only about 50% of children with ADHD were found to have EFD at the individual level, and results appeared relatively robust across methods applied to define EFD. Conclusion: As a group, children with ADHD displayed more problems on neuropsychological measures of EF than non-clinical children; at the individual level, there appeared to be heterogeneity in EF impairment. (J. of Att. Dis. 2010; XX(X) 1-XX).
Dept. of Psychology.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of attention disorders
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20858784
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1087054710370935
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
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An individual intelligence test designed primarily for school children to predict school performance and the ability to adjust to everyday demands.
Parvovirus B19, Human
The type species of ERYTHROVIRUS and the etiological agent of ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM, a disease most commonly seen in school-age children.
Contagious infection with human B19 Parvovirus most commonly seen in school age children and characterized by fever, headache, and rashes of the face, trunk, and extremities. It is often confused with rubella.
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