Targeted use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in cytospin preparations: results of 298 fine needle aspirates of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Summary of "Targeted use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in cytospin preparations: results of 298 fine needle aspirates of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma."
: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) results from fine needle aspirates (FNA) of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) were reviewed to 1) investigate the value added by using specific gene rearrangement probes to lymphoma diagnosis, prognosis, and subtyping; and 2) evaluate the prevalence of cytogenetic alterations other than specific translocations.
: FISH results from assays performed on cytospin preparations from NHL FNAs over a 6-year period (2003-2009) were selected. Immunophenotyping, clinical data, and cytomorphologic data were reviewed according to the current World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Hybridized probes, the purpose for the assay (subtyping or prognosis), and the cytogenetic abnormalities observed were retrieved from cytology reports. Data was categorized according to specific rearrangements and other chromosomal abnormalities.
: Successful results were obtained in 284 (95.3%) of 298 cases from 282 patients. Abnormalities were found in 216 (76%) cases and 68 (24%) did not show alteration. Among cases submitted for subtyping, 198 showed FISH-positive results, and specific gene rearrangements were found in 122 (61.6%) cases as follows: follicular 82, mantle cell 21, marginal zone 3, "dual hit" 13, and Burkitt lymphoma 3. In 21 cases, abnormalities were useful for prognosis. Nonspecific alterations alone or in combination with translocations were found in 98 cases.
: FISH performed on cytospin preparations was useful for confirmation of specific subclasses of NHL and may also provide valuable prognostic information. Cytogenetic abnormalities other than specific translocations were frequently found and could provide supportive evidence for a definitive diagnosis of lymphoma in FNA. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol) 2010. © 2010 American Cancer Society.
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cancer cytopathology
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei.
The simultaneous identification of all chromosomes from a cell by fluorescence in situ hybridization (IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION, FLUORESCENCE) with chromosome-specific florescent probes that are discerned by their different emission spectra.
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.
In Situ Hybridization
A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.
Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
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