A randomized, controlled trial comparing local infiltration analgesia with epidural infusion for total knee arthroplasty.
Summary of "A randomized, controlled trial comparing local infiltration analgesia with epidural infusion for total knee arthroplasty."
Background There have been few studies describing wound infiltration with additional intraarticular administration of multimodal analgesia for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In this study, we assessed the efficacy of wound infiltration combined with intraarticular regional analgesia with epidural infusion on analgesic requirements and postoperative pain after TKA. Methods 40 consecutive patients undergoing elective, primary TKA were randomized into 2 groups to receive either (1) intraoperative wound infiltration with 150 mL ropivacaine (2 mg/mL), 1 mL ketorolac (30 mg/mL), and 0.5 mL epinephrine (1 mg/mL) (total volume 152 mL) combined with intraarticular infusion (4 mL/h) of 190 mL ropivacaine (2 mg/mL) plus 2 mL ketorolac (30 mg/mL) (group A), or (2) epidural infusion (4 mL/h) of 192 mL ropivacaine (2 mg/mL) combined with 6 intravenous administrations of 0.5 mL ketorolac (30 mg/mL) for 48 h postoperatively (group E). For rescue analgesia, intravenous patient-controlled-analgesia (PCA) morphine was used. Morphine consumption, intensity of knee pain (0-100 mm visual analog scale), and side effects were recorded. Length of stay and corrected length of stay were also recorded (the day-patients fulfilled discharge criteria). Results The median cumulated morphine consumption, pain scores at rest, and pain scores during mobilization were reduced in group A compared to group E. Corrected length of stay was reduced by 25% in group A compared to group E. Interpretation Peri- and intraarticular analgesia with multimodal drugs provided superior pain relief and reduced morphine consumption compared with continuous epidural infusion with ropivacaine combined with intravenous ketorolac after TKA.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta orthopaedica
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20860447
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/17453674.2010.519165
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Controlled Clinical Trial
Work consisting of a clinical trial involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicine, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trial is characterized as a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
Randomized Controlled Trial
Work consisting of a clinical trial that involves at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Intention To Treat Analysis
Strategy for the analysis of RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS AS TOPIC that compares patients in the groups to which they were originally randomly assigned.
Injection of ANALGESICS; LOCAL ANESTHETICS; or NARCOTICS into the PLEURAL CAVITY between the two pleural membranes.
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.
In a randomised controlled pragmatic trial we investigated whether local infiltration analgesia would result in earlier readiness for discharge from hospital after total knee replacement (TKR) than pa...
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a painful procedure requiring intensive postoperative pain management. Femoral nerve block is widely used in ACL surgery. Howev...
Objective. To evaluate the analgesic effect of high-volume infiltration analgesia in urogenital prolapse surgery, along with a detailed description of the infiltration technique. Design. A randomized,...
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Wound infiltration analgesia using local anaesthetics has been used for several decades. Recently, newer techniques to prolong analgesia have developed, including the use of cathete...
BACKGROUND: Continuous infusion associated with patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) is used in many maternal units. This randomized controlled study evaluated the effect of a 10 mL/h backgrou...
The purpose of this study is to examine whether local infiltration analgesia (LIA) with Ropivacaine and adrenaline is effective in the treatment of postoperative pain after total knee arth...
The purpose of the study is to compare the effects of per-operative local infiltration analgesia with ropivacaine 0,2 % (150 ML) versus placebo on acute postoperative pain intensity after...
The purpose of this study is to compare systematic local infiltration with Ropivacaine 0.5 % vs. Placebo in patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy. The hypothesis is that systematic loc...
High-volume infiltration analgesia may be effective in postoperative pain management following total hip arthroplasty. In this randomized, double-blind trial patients undergoing bilateral...
Local infiltration analgesia is effective in total knee arthroplasty for postoperative pain management, but the efficacy of subcutaneous wound infiltration has not been evaluated. This stu...