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Maternal serum insulin-like growth factor-I at 11-13 weeks in preeclampsia.

06:00 EDT 25th September 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Maternal serum insulin-like growth factor-I at 11-13 weeks in preeclampsia."


OBJECTIVE:
To investigate the maternal serum concentration of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the first trimester of pregnancies that subsequently develop preeclampsia (PE) and to examine the possible association with uterine artery pulsatility index (PI).
METHODS:
The maternal serum concentration of IGF-I and uterine artery PI at 11-13 weeks were measured in 53 cases that developed PE, including 18 that required delivery before 34 weeks (early-PE) and 106 unaffected controls. The measured IGF-I concentration and uterine artery PI were converted into a multiple of the expected median (MoM) in unaffected pregnancies, and median MoM values were compared in the outcome groups. The significance of association of IGF-I MoM with uterine artery PI MoM was determined by regression analysis.
RESULTS:
In the early-PE and late-PE groups, compared to the unaffected controls, the median IGF-I decreased (0.53 and 0.55 MoM, respectively) and uterine artery PI increased (1.55 and 1.21 MoM, respectively). In the group that developed PE, there was no significant association between serum IGF-I and uterine artery PI (p = 0.632).
CONCLUSION:
In pregnancies destined to develop PE, the circulating levels of IGF-I decrease from the first trimester of pregnancy suggesting that IGF-I may be implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Affiliation

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Prenatal diagnosis
ISSN: 1097-0223
Pages:

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A well-characterized neutral peptide believed to be secreted by the LIVER and to circulate in the BLOOD. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like and mitogenic activities. The growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on SOMATOTROPIN. It is believed to be a major fetal growth factor in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR I, which is a major growth factor in adults.

A well-characterized basic peptide believed to be secreted by the liver and to circulate in the blood. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like, and mitogenic activities. This growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on GROWTH HORMONE. It is believed to be mainly active in adults in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR II, which is a major fetal growth factor.

A blood protein (NSILA) which mimics the biological activity of insulin in serum, but is not suppressed by insulin antibodies. During acid-ethanol extraction of Cohn fraction III, 10% of the activity is found in the supernatant (NSILA-S) and the remaining activity in the precipitate (NSILA-P). The latter is a large molecular compound, much less stable than the soluble fraction. NSILA-S is a more potent growth factor than insulin and exhibits sulfation activity.

One of the six homologous soluble proteins that bind insulin-like growth factors (SOMATOMEDINS) and modulate their mitogenic and metabolic actions at the cellular level.

One of the six homologous soluble proteins that bind insulin-like growth factors (SOMATOMEDINS) and modulate their mitogenic and metabolic actions at the cellular level.

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