Colocalization of substance P with tumor necrosis factor-α in the lymphocytes and mast cells in gastritis in experimental rats.
Summary of "Colocalization of substance P with tumor necrosis factor-α in the lymphocytes and mast cells in gastritis in experimental rats."
Substance P (SP) elicits numerous potent neuroimmunomodulatory effects, increasing the release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). The study aimed to investigate immunoneural communication in experimentally-induced gastritis in rats.
SP-containing nerve fibers and lymphocytes and mast cells were counted in the mucosa of the stomachs of rats using double immunohistochemical and confocal laser microscopic methods, proving colocalization of SP and TNF-α in the lymphocytes and mast cells.
In controls, only the nerve fibers showed SP immunoreactivity (IR). However, in gastritis the number of SP-IR fibers and TNF-α IR lymphocytes and mast cells increased significantly (P < 0.001); SP-IR fibers were seen in close contact with lymphocytes and mast cells. Numerous lymphocytes (13.1%) and mast cells (10.8%) showed IR for both SP and TNF-α (colocalization) within the same cells.
SP release from nerve fibers, lymphocytes and mast cells together with TNF-α can enhance the development of gastric inflammation and participate in tissue damage in gastritis.
Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Semmelweis University of Medicine, Tüzoltó u. 58, P.O. Box 95, Budapest, 1450, Hungary.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20865295
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00011-010-0250-0
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 25
A tumor necrosis factor receptor subtype with specificity for TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR LIGAND SUPERFAMILY MEMBER 15. It is found in tissues containing LYMPHOCYTES and may play a role in regulating lymphocyte homeostasis and APOPTOSIS. The activated receptor signals via a conserved death domain that associates with specific TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS in the CYTOPLASM.
Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 14
A member of tumor necrosis factor superfamily found on activated LYMPHOCYTES and MONOCYTES. It occurs as transmembrane protein that can be cleaved to release a secreted form that specifically binds to LYMPHOTOXIN BETA RECEPTOR and TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR RECEPTOR SUPERFAMILY, MEMBER 14.
A tumor necrosis factor family member that is released by activated LYMPHOCYTES. Soluble lymphotoxin is specific for TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR RECEPTOR TYPE I; TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR RECEPTOR TYPE II; and TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR RECEPTOR SUPERFAMILY, MEMBER 14. Lymphotoxin-alpha can form a membrane-bound heterodimer with LYMPHOTOXIN-BETA that has specificity for the LYMPHOTOXIN BETA RECEPTOR.
Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 14
A novel member of the tumor-necrosis factor receptor family that can also mediate HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS TYPE 1 entry into cells. It has specificity for TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR LIGAND SUPERFAMILY MEMBER 14 and the homotrimeric form of LYMPHOTOXIN-ALPHA. The receptor is abundantly expressed on T-LYMPHOCYTES and may play a role in regulating lymphocyte activation. Signaling by the activated receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 6b
A secreted tumor necrosis factor receptor family member that has specificity FAS LIGAND and TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR LIGAND SUPERFAMILY MEMBER 14. It plays a modulating role in tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway.
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