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Short-term increases in soil solution nitrate (NO(3)(-)) concentration are often observed after forest harvest, even in N-limited systems. We model NO(3)(-) leaching below the rooting zone as a function of site productivity. Using national forest inventories and published estimates of N attenuation in rivers and the riparian zone, we estimate effects of stem-only harvesting on NO(3)(-) leaching to groundwater, surface waters and the marine environment. Stem-only harvesting is a minor contributor to NO(3)(-) pollution of Swedish waters. Effects in surface waters are rapidly diluted downstream, but can be locally important for shallow well-waters as well as for the total amount of N reaching the sea. Harvesting adds approximately 8 Gg NO(3)-N to soil waters in Sweden, with local concentrations up to 7 mg NO(3)-N l(-1). Of that, ∼3.3 Gg reaches the marine environment. This is ∼3% of the overall Swedish N load to the Baltic.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Environmental Assessment, SE 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
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An NAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a FLAVOPROTEIN that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM and is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. It was formerly classified as EC 184.108.40.206.
An iron-sulfur and MOLYBDENUM containing FLAVOPROTEIN that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. This enzyme can use either NAD or NADP as cofactors. It is a key enzyme that is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 220.127.116.11.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate in the presence of NADP+. It is a FLAVOPROTEIN that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC 18.104.22.168 and should not be confused with the enzyme NITRATE REDUCTASE (NAD(P)H).
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a cytochrome protein that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM.