Adults' use of subtraction by addition.

23:04 EDT 28th August 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Adults' use of subtraction by addition."

The present study investigates adults' use of addition to solve two-digit subtractions. Inspired by research on single-digit arithmetic, we first examined regression models in which different problem characteristics predicted participants' reaction times. Second, we compared performance on two-digit subtractions presented in 2 presentation formats, i.e., the standard subtraction format (81-37=.) and an addition format (37+.=81). Both methods lead to the conclusion that the participants switched between direct subtraction and subtraction by addition depending on the relative size of the subtrahend: If the subtrahend was smaller than the difference, direct subtraction was mainly used; if the subtrahend was larger than the difference, subtraction by addition was the dominant strategy. However, this performance pattern was only observed when the distance between the subtrahend and the difference was large; when the subtrahend and the difference were close to each other, there was no subtrahend-dependent selection of direct subtraction vs. subtraction by addition. These data indicate that theoretical models of people's strategy choices in subtraction should include the relative size of the subtrahend as an important factor in the strategy selection process.

Affiliation

Centre for Instructional Psychology and Technology, K.U.Leuven, Belgium.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Acta psychologica
ISSN: 1873-6297
Pages:

Links

PubMed Articles [10255 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A comparative study of smart spectrophotometric methods for simultaneous determination of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride in their binary mixture.

Simple, specific, accurate and precise spectrophotometric methods were developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of the oral antidiabetic drugs; sitagliptin phosphate (STG) and metfor...

Technique for Lumbar Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy for Sagittal Plane Deformity in Revision.

Pedicle subtraction osteotomies are being used with increasing frequency to treat the problem of sagittal imbalance caused by a variety of diseases. Here we describe a simple technique that assists in...

L5 pedicle subtraction osteotomy for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis.

To the authors' knowledge, this is the first article to present a pedicle subtraction osteotomy in the lumbar spine to correct and stabilize a high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis, which poses many ch...

Aging, Confidence, and Misinformation: Recalling Information With the Cognitive Interview.

In 2 experiments, younger and older adults witnessed a simulated robbery, received misleading information about the event, and then were interviewed with the Cognitive Interview about their memory for...

Serious Psychological Distress Among Adults: United States, 2009-2013.

In every age group, women were more likely to have serious psychological distress than men. Among all adults, as income increased, the percentage with serious psychological distress decreased. Adults ...

Clinical Trials [2200 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Validation of Coronary Calcium Subtraction to Improve Diagnostic Accuracy of Coronary CT Angiography

Coronary calcium hampers accurate evaluation of the coronary arteries with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). A novel approach to potentially overcome this limitation is coro...

Nano Drug Interventional Therapy Using Digital Subtraction Angiography(DSA) for Lung Carcinoma

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of nano drug interventional therapy using digital subtraction angiography(DSA) for lung cancer. The nano drug is made by ...

HepaSphere Interventional Therapy Using Digital Subtraction Angiography(DSA) for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HepaSphere interventional therapy using digital subtraction angiography(DSA) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

HepaSphere Interventional Therapy Using Digital Subtraction Angiography(DSA)for Lung Cancer

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HepaSphere interventional therapy using digital subtraction angiography(DSA)for lung cancer.

HepaSphere Interventional Therapy Using Digital Subtraction Angiography(DSA) for Cervical Carcinoma

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of HepaSphere interventional therapy using digital subtraction angiography(DSA) for cervical carcinoma.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).

A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.

Simple rapid heartbeats caused by rapid discharge of impulses from the SINOATRIAL NODE, usually between 100 and 180 beats/min in adults. It is characterized by a gradual onset and termination. Sinus tachycardia is common in infants, young children, and adults during strenuous physical activities.

A process that changes the nucleotide sequence of mRNA from that of the DNA template encoding it. Some major classes of RNA editing are as follows: 1, the conversion of cytosine to uracil in mRNA; 2, the addition of variable number of guanines at pre-determined sites; and 3, the addition and deletion of uracils, templated by guide-RNAs (RNA, GUIDE).

Combination or superimposition of two images for demonstrating differences between them (e.g., radiograph with contrast vs. one without, radionuclide images using different radionuclides, radiograph vs. radionuclide image) and in the preparation of audiovisual materials (e.g., offsetting identical images, coloring of vessels in angiograms).


Advertisement
 
Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article