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Aortic stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease among adult subjects in western countries The current treatment for aortic stenosis is aortic valve replacement. The possibility of a medical treatment that can slow the progression of aortic stenosis is very fascinating and statins have been tested to reduce the progression of degenerative aortic stenosis (DAS). The rationale for statin treatment in DAS has a deep pathophysiological substrate, in fact inflammation and lipid infiltration constitute the same histopathological pattern of both aortic stenosis and atherosclerosis and these two conditions have the same risk factors. Whether retrospective studies have shown some efficacy of statins in halting the progression of DAS, prospective trials have shown controversial results. A recently published large and randomized controlled trial SEAS found that statins have no significant effect on the progression of aortic stenosis, the ASTRONOMER, recently confirmed this data. The most plausible hypothesis is that coronary artery disease and DAS, have a common pathogenetic background and a distinct evolution due to different factors (mechanical stress, genetic factors, interaction between inflammatory cells and calcification mediators). Thus, treatment with statins is not recommended in patients with valvular aortic stenosis and without conventional indications to lipid-lowering treatment.
Chair and Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Palermo, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current drug targets
Inflammatory processes play an important role in cardiac valve calcification and ossification. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) a...
Aortic stenosis is the most common valvulopathy in the Western world. Its prevalence has increased significantly in recent years due to population aging; hence, up to 8% of westerners above the age of...
Aortic stenosis is the most common valvular heart disease leading to intervention and it is typically a disease of the elderly. Recent clinical advances have expanded the role of transcatheter aortic ...
To analyze operative outcomes and mid-term results after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) in low-flow, low-gradient aortic stenosis (LFLG AS) by comparing the 2 subcategories (classic low-flow,...
Elevated levels of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and oxidized phospholipids on apolipoprotein B-100 (OxPL-apoB) predict the progression of pre-existing mild-to-moderate calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS)....
There is evidence that the degenerative changes leading to aortic stenosis are caused by a chronic inflammatory process. Furthermore the development of aortic stenosis is partially depende...
Bicuspid Aortic Valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart disease affecting 1-2% of the population. The aortic dilation and aortic valve degeneration are common complications in pati...
Prospective, two academic center, non-randomized pilot, acute in-patient study correlating pre-operative imaging studies, intra-operative measurements and intra-operative balloon aortic va...
Aortic valve pathology is the third most common cardiovascular disease after coronary artery disease and hypertension, which is responsible for severe morbidity and mortality in elderly pa...
In this prospective single-center study included 60 patients with a severe degenerative aortic stenosis and small aortic annulus (
A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
A pathological constriction occurring in the region above the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
A pathological constriction occurring in the region below the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
Surgical treatment for severe AORTIC VALVE STENOSIS. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is used as an alternative option in patients who are deemed at high risk or inoperable for traditional open-heart surgery.
A type of constriction that is caused by the presence of a fibrous ring (discrete type) below the AORTIC VALVE, anywhere between the aortic valve and the MITRAL VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
Cholesterol is a waxy steroid metabolite found in the cell membranes and transported in the blood plasma. It is an important structural component of mammalian cell membranes, where it is establishes proper membrane permeability and fluidity. Cholesterol ...