Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

21:47 EDT 27th March 2015 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

OBJECTIVE: To explore the associated diseases with positive anti-double stranded (ds) DNA other than systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine an association if any, between its level in non-SLE causes. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients with positive anti-dsDNA assay (more than 200 IU/ml) tested for any underlying etiology from January to December 2007 at King Abdu...

Summary Background/Aims: An intramuscular (IM) injection into the buttock risks damaging the sciatic nerve. Safe injection practices need to be understood by doctors and nurses alike. The aims of this study were to determine if sciatic nerve injury because of IM injection is a continuing problem and to establish the availability of published guidelines on IM injection techniques. Methods: Intramus...

BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with high 1-year mortality rates, but whether patients with other lower extremity fractures are exposed to a similar mortality risk is not clear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated the mortality of elderly patients after distal femur fractures; determined predictors for mortality; analyzed the effect of surgical delay; and compared survivorship...

Shortness of breath is a common complaint in those with chronic liver disease. The differential diagnosis for this complaint includes primary pulmonary disorders, systemic disorders that affect the liver and lungs, and extrahepatic manifestations of portal hypertension. Orthotopic liver transplant, when appropriate, is the most effective therapy for many patients with dyspnea and chronic liver dis...

Sudden onset of abdominal distension....

Added: 06:00 EDT 20 Sep 2012

We report the case of a 39 years old patient with sudden onset of abdominal distension and icterus. Occlusion of the liver veins discovered by doppler ultrasound caused the portal hypertension and liver disease. Given the erythrocytosis the detection of JAK 2-mutation proved polycythemia vera as underlying disease for the Budd Chiari syndrome. The implantation of a TIPS wasn't successful because o...

Tourette's syndrome in adults.

Added: 06:00 EDT 7 Aug 2010

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is defined as motor and phonic tics starting before age 18 years, and therefore most studies have focused on childhood TS, whereas the disorder in adults has not been well characterized. We reviewed medical records of all new TS patients referred to our Movement Disorders Clinic over the past 5 years, 19 years or older on initial evaluation and compared them with 100 TS pa...

Professional values and nursing.

Added: 06:00 EST 10 Nov 2010

The values of nursing arise from a concern with human flourishing. If the desire to become a nurse is a reflection of an aspiration to care for others in need then we should anticipate that those who choose to nurse have a tendency towards the values we would normally associate with a caring profession (care, compassion, perhaps altruism, and so on). However, these values require a secure base if ...

Abstract Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of hematocrit (HCT) on glucose meter assays based on different measurement techniques. Methods: This paper studied glucose meters utilizing the glucose dehydrogenase reaction and four measurement techniques: colorimetry (HemoCue), reflectometry (Accu-Chek Active), amperometry (Optium Xido) and coulometry (Optium Omega). The E...

BACKGROUND: Ethmoid sinus osteomas are uncommon, benign, osteogenic tumors. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe their usual clinical presentation and to discuss their surgical management. METHODS: The medical records of 25 patients treated for ethmoid osteoma between March 2001 and December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The average tumor size was 18.5 ± 14 mm. O...

Background and Aims: Equation for Japanese estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) has been revised by measuring GFR using inulin clearance. We assessed in an elderly Japanese population the association of the new eGFR with all-cause mortality and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: Seventy-year-old subjects who resided in Niigata city, Japan participated. Baseline examinatio...

Abstract Background: The study is aimed at evaluating the performance of the predictive model ROMA (Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm), which utilizes the combination of human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and CA125 values to assess the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in women with a pelvic mass. Methods: One hundred and four women diagnosed with a pelvic mass (55 EOC and 49 benign cases) ...

Introduction to Nursing Aesthetics.

Added: 06:00 EDT 2 Apr 2011

Empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and personal knowing are the four fundamental patterns of knowledge inquiry. Of these, the aesthetic knowing pattern is least discussed in nursing literature. This article discusses the definition of nursing aesthetics; its utilization in practice; and correlations between aesthetics and clinical practice. One of the advantages inherent to nursing is its ability to d...

OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of bedside nursing report implementation on a pediatric neuroscience unit. BACKGROUND:: The change-of-shift nursing report often involves only nurse-to-nurse communication, occurs far away from the patient's bedside, and includes little or no patient/family involvement. Studies show that the bedside nursing report is a more co...

HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 68-year-old woman with known degenerative joint disease suffered from increasing neck pain. Physical examination revealed painfully restricted movement of the cervical spine. INVESTIGATIONS: Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were increased. Tests for rheumatoid factors, antinuclear, anti-citrullinated protein and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic ant...

The iceberg theory of NHS culture. :: Added: 06:00 EST 2 Feb 2011

Case Opioids are commonly prescribed for pain, and are often connected to mental status adverse events. Delirium is a side effect associated with narcotic analgesics, with a higher incidence in the elderly. This report describes an elderly male that received a total knee arthroplasty and received morphine post-operatively. On post-operative day 2, morphine was discontinued due to mental status cha...

Atrophy of both the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles is usually caused by chronic rotator cuff tear, but may also derive from suprascapular nerve entrapment at the spinoglenoid notch. Isolated infraspinatus muscle atrophy is uncommon, and typically associates with suprascapular nerve entrapment occurring distal to the spinoglenoid notch. However, isolated atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle...

PURPOSE: Knee swelling after total knee arthroplasty may impair postoperative mobilisation and training, and as medical elastic compression stockings are well tolerated and effective to prevent oedema, haematoma and postoperative pain after venous surgery, we wanted to study whether this effect could be transferred to total knee arthroplasty surgery reducing postoperative swelling and pain and the...

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is a term that comprises a variety of inherited connective tissue disorders characterized primarily by skin hyperextensibility, joints hypermobility and excessive dislocations, easy bruisability, generalized fragility. If much is known about orthopedic or physiatric features of this syndrome, poor is known about the neurological ones. Thus neurological assessment is very imp...

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of macular pseudohole (MPH) is supposed to be different from that of macular lamellar hole (LMH). MPH is thought to be caused by centripetal contraction of previously present epiretinal membrane. LMH is considered to be an effect of abortive process of full-thickness macular hole formation, or a result of de-roofing of a foveal cyst in persistent cystoid macular oedema...

Breast cancer metastasis to the colon.

Added: 06:00 EDT 24 Aug 2010

A 69-year-old woman was admitted with diarrhoea, anaemia and elevated C-reactive protein. She was diagnosed with metastases of a carcinoma to the colon; the immunohistochemical profile made lobular breast cancer the most likely primary tumour. But despite thorough examination, such tumour was never found. Twenty-two years earlier, the patient underwent surgery for a benign breast tumour. The benig...

Most patients with advanced malignancy will die of their disease. Care of the dying is therefore a fundamental skill for the oncologist. Although protocols exist in other countries, there is no established protocol in the United States. We present a protocol for management of the dying that is clinically useful and review the existing evidence-base.

Objective Although age-related confluent white-matter lesion (WML) is an important substrate for cognitive impairment, the mechanisms whereby WML induces cognitive impairment are uncertain. The authors investigated cognitive predictors in patients with confluent WML. Methods Among 100 patients with ischaemic stroke with confluent WML on MRI, the authors assessed executive function and global cogni...

OBJECTIVES: Correlate adenoid size as determined by lateral neck radiographs and intra-operative mirror exam. Determine if a radiologist's assessment of the lateral neck X-ray correlates with adenoid size. Assess the correlation of endoscopic findings to the degree of adenoid hypertrophy seen on intra-operative mirror exam. To perform a cost analysis of radiographic and endoscopic evaluations of t...

This study is to clarify whether C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) count influence insulin homeostasis to the same degree. Serum CRP and peripheral WBC were measured in 739 subjects with normal glucose regulation, 512 with impaired glucose regulation, and 502 newly diagnosed diabetic patients. Levels of insulin resistance (IR) were assessed using the index of homeostasis model (H...

Ocular pain is most commonly associated with redness and inflammation; however, eye pain can also occur in the absence of grossly visible pathology. Pain in the quiet eye can be the first sign of a number of threatening conditions. Many of these conditions such as intermittent angle closure glaucoma, carotid artery dissection, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and giant cell arteritis can lead...

Crystals of the brain. :: Added: 06:00 EST 27 Jan 2011

A patient with symptoms suggestive of neuroleptic malignant syndrome after levodopa withdrawal is described. The patient presented with persistent high fever, stupor, autonomic dysfunction, rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis. He was successfully treated with intravenous dantrolene, resumption of levodopa, and forced alkaline diuresis. Doctors should be aware of the risk of abrupt cessation of dopamine a...

PURPOSE: Hemiarthroplasty (HA) is generally considered to be the treatment of choice in the most elderly patients with a displaced fracture of the femoral neck. However, there is inadequate evidence to support the choice between unipolar HA or bipolar HA. The primary aim of this study was to analyse the outcome regarding hip function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients randomise...

Chronic lumbar pain due to degenerative disc disease affects a large number of people, including those of fully active age. The usual self-repair system observed in nature is a spontaneous attempt at arthrodesis, which in most cases leads to pseudoarthrosis. In recent years, many possible surgical fusion techniques have been introduced; PLIF is one of these. Because of the growing interest in mini...

Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) represents a group of glycerophospholipid homologues where ethanol by phospholipase D has been bound at the position that normally contains an amino-alcohol. Since the formation of PEth is specifically dependent on ethanol, the diagnostic specificity of PEth as an alcohol biomarker is theoretically 100%. The half-life of PEth in blood is approximately 4 days. The amount ...

BACKGROUND: The objective is to determine whether maximal inspiratory pressure (P (imax)) measurement is more sensitive than vital capacity (VC) measurement to detect acute respiratory muscle failure considering a theoretical curvilinear relationship between volume and pressure. METHODS: Review of VC and P (imax) of all patients hospitalized in ICU for Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and myasthenia...

PURPOSE: The term "segmental instability" of the lumbar spine is not clearly defined, especially as it relates to degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) and rotational translation (RT). We investigated whether facet joint effusion on conventional supine MRI indicated increased abnormal motion in DS and RT. METHODS: 160 patients (119 female, 41 male, mean age 68.8 years, range 38.8-89.3 years) who h...

CT FEATURES OF PLEURAL MASSES AND NODULES.

Added: 06:00 EST 19 Nov 2011

Pleural space masses and nodules are rarely described on computed tomography (CT) in veterinary medicine and have only been described in patients with neoplasia. Our purpose was to describe the CT findings and diagnoses in seven patients with pleural masses and nodules. Two patients had broad-based, plaque-like pleural masses, both of which were due to neoplasia (primary pleural carcinoma, metasta...

Many therapies exist for treatment of chronic low-back pain (LBP) including the use of muscle relaxant and analgesic drugs. The aim of this paper was to compare efficacy and tolerability of eperisone and tizanidine in combination treatment with tramadol in chronic LBP.

INTRODUCTION: No protocol exists for prophylaxis or therapeutic management of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) related deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in children. Currently, very few patients are provided prophylaxis for DVT. In this study, we analyzed our current practice of PICC placement to identify the frequency of DVT, analyze risk factors and determine current treatment patterns i...

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to measure the inferior glenohumeral capsule thickness of shoulders clinically affected by capsular contracture by comparison to the contralateral asymptomatic side. METHODS: Bilateral shoulder ultrasound (US) examinations of 20 patients with clinically or MRI proven unilateral capsular contracture were retrospectively assessed. Inferior capsule ...

Visceral hypersensitivity plays a key role in the pathogenesis of esophageal functional disorders such as functional heartburn and chest pain of presumed esophageal origin (noncardiac chest pain). About 80% of patients with unexplained noncardiac chest pain exhibit lower esophageal sensory thresholds when compared to controls during esophageal sensory testing (ie, esophageal barostat, impedance pl...

OBJECTIVE: To document possible complications related to the location of central venous catheter (CVC) tip in the right atrium (RA) in two medical-surgical intensive care units (ICU). DESIGN: An observational, retrospective study of critically ill patients. SETTING: Two medical-surgical ICUs. PATIENTS: Adult patients in need of CVC insertion admitted consecutively in ICU between September 2004 and...

BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that Tourette syndrome is associated with cognitive disabilities. AIMS: To examine the cognitive performance of a clinical cohort of children with Tourette syndrome. METHODS: 266 children with Tourette syndrome have been examined with Wechsler Intelligence Scales. The presence of the co-morbidities attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-com...

Dural tears in spine surgery.

Added: 06:00 EDT 3 Sep 2010

Dural tears are among the most commonly seen complications in spine surgery. Most studies in the literature indicate that long-term outcomes are not negatively affected, provided that the tears are diagnosed early and managed appropriately. Direct suture repair remains the preferred method for the management of durotomy caused by or found during surgery. However, recent literature reports encourag...

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is rare in adults and is usually fatal without treatment. We present a consecutive series of 18 adults with HLH diagnosed at our institution between 2004 and 2009. All diagnoses were confirmed by pathology. The median age at diagnosis was 56 years (range: 18-73 years), with a male: female ratio of 2:1. Patients uniformly presented with fever. Fifty-five per...

Drug combinations have been used in clinical practice for the main purpose of increasing therapeutic effect efficacy. The aim of this study was to determine the antinociceptive effect of tramadol and caffeine administered separately or in combination, as well as their synergistic interaction. The formalin test was used. Nociceptive behavior was evaluated by flinching response of the formalin-treat...

In abstinence maintenance programs, for reissuing the driving licence and in workplace monitoring programs abstinence from ethanol and its proof are demanded. Various monitoring programs that mainly use ethyl glucuronide (EtG) as alcohol consumption marker have been established. To abstain from ethanol, but not from the taste of alcoholic beverages, in particular non-alcoholic beer has become more...

Thrombocytopenia is usually acquired. The laboratory artefact of pseudothrombocytopenia should always be excluded. Bone marrow insufficiency with impaired platelet production results from infiltrating tumor cells or from a myelodsplastic syndrome. In patients with splenomegaly, platelets are trapped by the spleen. An increased platelet turnover is caused by activation of the clotting cascade, e.g....

INTRODUCTION. Because Alzheimer's disease (AD) needs to be treated as soon as possible after onset, its early detection has become one of the core areas of research in the field of neurodegenerative diseases. DEVELOPMENT. Attempts to characterise the incipient phases of the disease have evolved from the appearance of the heterogeneous concept of mild cognitive impairment in the last twentieth cent...

INTRODUCTION: An infrequent case of a de novo aneurysm formation originating from an infundibulum at the origin of the posterior communicating artery (PcomA) is presented. The aneurysm developed within 7 years in a patient who initially presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from a saccular aneurysm of the vertebral artery. A 43-year-old female patient was admitted to our hospital on 16th Ju...

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