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Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

21:42 EST 16th January 2017 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

Dural tears in spine surgery.

Added: 06:00 EDT 3 Sep 2010

Dural tears are among the most commonly seen complications in spine surgery. Most studies in the literature indicate that long-term outcomes are not negatively affected, provided that the tears are diagnosed early and managed appropriately. Direct suture repair remains the preferred method for the management of durotomy caused by or found during surgery. However, recent literature reports encourag...

Bereavement is a severe stressor that typically incites painful and debilitating symptoms of acute grief that commonly progresses to restoration of a satisfactory, if changed, life. Normally, grief does not need clinical intervention. However, sometimes acute grief can gain a foothold and become a chronic debilitating condition called complicated grief. Moreover, the stress caused by bereavement, ...

Tourette's syndrome in adults.

Added: 06:00 EDT 7 Aug 2010

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is defined as motor and phonic tics starting before age 18 years, and therefore most studies have focused on childhood TS, whereas the disorder in adults has not been well characterized. We reviewed medical records of all new TS patients referred to our Movement Disorders Clinic over the past 5 years, 19 years or older on initial evaluation and compared them with 100 TS pa...

BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with high 1-year mortality rates, but whether patients with other lower extremity fractures are exposed to a similar mortality risk is not clear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated the mortality of elderly patients after distal femur fractures; determined predictors for mortality; analyzed the effect of surgical delay; and compared survivorship...

This study is to clarify whether C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) count influence insulin homeostasis to the same degree. Serum CRP and peripheral WBC were measured in 739 subjects with normal glucose regulation, 512 with impaired glucose regulation, and 502 newly diagnosed diabetic patients. Levels of insulin resistance (IR) were assessed using the index of homeostasis model (H...

Emesis can be triggered by cough in children, and cough is a common symptom of asthma.

Purpose: Monitoring of fibrinogen level is used to predict bleeding during lower extremity tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) infusions for peripheral arterial or venous thrombolysis. This practice is not fully addressed in the literature.Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed fibrinogen levels and studied bleeding rate from charts of patients who underwent lower extremity tPA infusion...

BACKGROUND: Mild to moderate therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has been shown to improve survival and neurological outcome in patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with ventricular fibrillation (VF) as the presenting rhythm. This approach entails the management of physiological variables which fall outside the realm of conventional critical cardiac care. Management of serum p...

Bupropion is a commonly prescribed, monocyclic antidepressant often used as an aid for smoking cessation. Several case reports have described false positive amphetamine urine drug screens (UDS) associated with bupropion. We sought to determine whether false positive amphetamine UDS due to the use of bupropion would be a frequent occurrence. We conducted an IRB-approved, retrospective chart review ...

In 328 immunocompromised patients, 105 with and 193 without Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was analysed retrospectively, taking into consideration the time interval from the onset of symptoms to the start of specific therapy. 97 of the 105 PCP patients were negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Eight were positive. Of the 193 patients without PC...

CT FEATURES OF PLEURAL MASSES AND NODULES.

Added: 06:00 EST 19 Nov 2011

Pleural space masses and nodules are rarely described on computed tomography (CT) in veterinary medicine and have only been described in patients with neoplasia. Our purpose was to describe the CT findings and diagnoses in seven patients with pleural masses and nodules. Two patients had broad-based, plaque-like pleural masses, both of which were due to neoplasia (primary pleural carcinoma, metasta...

Shortness of breath is a common complaint in those with chronic liver disease. The differential diagnosis for this complaint includes primary pulmonary disorders, systemic disorders that affect the liver and lungs, and extrahepatic manifestations of portal hypertension. Orthotopic liver transplant, when appropriate, is the most effective therapy for many patients with dyspnea and chronic liver dis...

The pineal hormone melatonin plays a major role in circadian sleep-wake rhythm. Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), especially those who are on hemodialysis, frequently suffer from sleep disturbances. In this review an overview is given of the classification of stages of chronic kidney disease, followed by a presentation of the circadian rhythm disorders in renal disease involving sleep di...

BACKGROUND: Coxa profunda, or a deep acetabular socket, is often used to diagnose pincer femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Radiographically, coxa profunda is the finding of an acetabular fossa medial to the ilioischial line. However, the relative position of the acetabular fossa to the pelvis may not be indicative of acetabular coverage. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore determined the incidence ...

Recurrent carpal tunnel syndrome.

Added: 08:00 EDT 1 Aug 2013

Carpal tunnel release is a common procedure with a high rate of alleviating the patient's symptoms. The incidence of recurrent or persistent carpal tunnel syndrome is rare, although likely underestimated. Complaints of worsening numbness, tingling, or weakness should alert the physician to possible nerve injury and need for early exploration. The overall results of revision carpal tunnel procedure...

The administration of injections is a fundamental nursing skill; however, it is not without risk. Children receive numerous vaccines, and pediatric nurses administer the majority of these vaccines via the intramuscular route, and thus must be knowledgeable about safe and evidence-based immunization programs. Nurses may not be aware of the potential consequences associated with poor injection pract...

SPIKES is an acronym for presenting distressing information in an organized manner to patients and families. The SPIKES protocol provides a step-wise framework for difficult discussions such as when cancer recurs or when palliative or hospice care is indicated. Each letter represents a phase in the six-step sequence. S stands for setting, P for perception, I for invitation or information, K for kn...

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:: Although mandible trauma has been studied extensively, there is no standard for use of pre- and postoperative antibiotics in other facial trauma. We sought to determine whether antibiotic strategies have an effect on infection rates. STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective chart review and cohort analysis. METHODS:: Patients seen by the otolaryngology service for traumatic facial inju...

INTRODUCTION. Because Alzheimer's disease (AD) needs to be treated as soon as possible after onset, its early detection has become one of the core areas of research in the field of neurodegenerative diseases. DEVELOPMENT. Attempts to characterise the incipient phases of the disease have evolved from the appearance of the heterogeneous concept of mild cognitive impairment in the last twentieth cent...

Introduction to Nursing Aesthetics.

Added: 06:00 EDT 2 Apr 2011

Empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and personal knowing are the four fundamental patterns of knowledge inquiry. Of these, the aesthetic knowing pattern is least discussed in nursing literature. This article discusses the definition of nursing aesthetics; its utilization in practice; and correlations between aesthetics and clinical practice. One of the advantages inherent to nursing is its ability to d...

OBJECTIVE/METHODS: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief yet comprehensive cognitive instrument used to assess level of impairment in neurological populations. The purpose of the present study was to assess the ability of the MoCA to detect cognitive impairment in a veteran patient population referred for neuropsychological testing and to determine optimal cutoff scores on the MoCA w...

Rotating-hinge knee implants are used for revision total knee arthroplasty in patients with severe ligament instability and bone loss. This study evaluated the outcomes of a series of rotating-hinge knees.Thirty-one NexGen Rotating Hinge Knees (Zimmer, Warsaw, Indiana) were implanted in 29 patients (2 bilateral), with an average age of 72.8 years. Indications for surgery were aseptic loosening (n=...

A 70 year-old man was admitted under the diagnosis of subarachnoid haemorrhage and presented with a history of ear pain, followed by acute onset of severe headache, nausea, vomiting, impaired consciousness, and fever. However, a computed tomography (CT) showed an acute mastoiditis and pneumocephalus, and a lumbar puncture confirmed the diagnosis meningitis. The increased middle ear pressure relati...

VERTEBRAL HEART SCORES IN EIGHT DOG BREEDS.

Added: 06:00 EDT 22 Sep 2012

The vertebral heart score (VHS) measurement is commonly used to provide a more objective measurement of cardiomegaly in canines. However, several studies have shown significant breed variations from the value previously established by Buchanan and Bücheler (9.7 ± 0.5). This study describes VHS measurements in Pug, Pomeranian, Yorkshire Terrier, Dachshund, Bulldog, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, and Bosto...

COPD Diagnosis and Evaluation Posters ISESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Steroids can cause leukocytosis by both demarginalization and increased release from bone marrow reserve. Leukocytosis is a potential confounder in COPD/BA patients (pts) who are on steroid therapy and are suspected of having a concomitant bacte...

We investigated the possible treatment and dosimetric advantage of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) over step-and-shoot intensity-modulated radiation therapy (step-and-hhoot IMRT) and helical tomotherapy (HT). Twelve prostate cancer patients undergoing VMAT to the prostate were included. Three treatment plans (VMAT, step-and-shoot IMRT, HT) were generated for each patient. The doses to clin...

BACKGROUND:: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein values decline over the first few months of life as the infant's blood-CSF barrier matures. However, published studies differ in the reported rate, timing, and magnitude of this decline. OBJECTIVE:: To quantify the age-related changes in CSF protein concentration and to determine accurate, age-specific reference values for neonates and young infants. ...

Background A few case reports have shown controversial results of rituximab efficacy in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Objective To analyse the efficacy of rituximab in a large CIDP cohort. Methods A retrospective, observational and multicentre study on the use of rituximab in CIDP. 13 Italian CIDP patients were treated with rituximab after the part...

Objective. To evaluate the effect of 6-sulphatoxymelatonin on the sleep quality of girls with precocious puberty. Study design. Ninety-nine girls were divided into three groups: GI, precocious puberty; GII, normal prepubescent; GIII, normal puberty. Questionnaires containing demographic and clinical data were applied. Blood was collected for hormonal evaluation for 6-sulphatoxymelatonin. The modif...

Gastric-type epithelium and islands of oxyntic mucosa in duodenal biopsies are considered by some to be part of a spectrum of metaplastic change related to peptic disorders. This study was designed to assess prevalence and associations of metaplastic-heterotopic gastric mucosa in the duodenum. Demographic, clinical, and histopathologic data from patients who had duodenal biopsy specimens for a 12-...

Background D-dimers are used in conjunction with clinical probability scores in the assessment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and they are elevated in other conditions, including malignancy, infection and arrhythmias. High levels of D-dimers in VTE are associated with adverse outcomes, including increased mortality. Their significance in patients without VTE has not previously been established. ...

Resection arthroplasty with or without ligament reconstruction for thumb trapeziometacarpal arthritis can be complicated by thumb shortening and pinch-strength weakness. Implant arthroplasties have been developed to limit loss of thumb length, improve strength, and limit postoperative convalescence. The ideal thumb carpometacarpal implant should be strong and stable, provide full range of motion, ...

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy.

Added: 06:00 EDT 10 Aug 2010

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy is a common but neglected clinical symptom of systemic inflammatory reaction in the early phase. The clinical spectrum of diffuse cerebral dysfunction induced by systemic sepsis - sepsis-associated encephalopathy according to the new terms- varies from transient, reversible encephalopathy, to severe irreversible brain damage. The aim of the present publication is t...

Four reports have been published on an association between acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and primary lymphedema, with or without congenital deafness. We report seven new cases, including one extended family, confirming this entity as a genetic syndrome. The lymphedema typically presents in one or both lower limbs, before the hematological abnormalities, with onset between infancy and puberty and f...

OBJECTIVE: One of the important causes of failed back surgery is the extensive peridural fibrosis collecting in the surgical field after spinal surgeries. Today we know that inflammatory mechanisms mediated by the immune system of the body plays an important role in generation of fibrosis. Azithromycin, a macrolide antibiotic, has proven immunomodulatory effects in various diseases. This study aim...

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative, chronic and irreversible condition. Palliative medicine may play an important role in the care of patients with PD to maintain the quality of life. Scopolamine is a non-competitive antagonist at muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, which was used many years ago in the treatment for PD. To the best of our knowledge, there are no previously reported cases o...

Background & aims: The use of low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) in patients with advanced liver diseases is frequently avoided because of the enhanced risk of bleeding complications. However, many patients with impaired liver function are at a high risk of thrombosis or have an indication for therapeutic anticoagulation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of L...

In the hemodialysis patient population, a surgically created arteriovenous fistula is the preferred vascular access option. Development of high-output heart failure may be an underappreciated complication in patients who have undergone this procedure. When a large proportion of arterial blood is shunted from the left-sided circulation to the right-sided circulation via the fistula, the increase in...

Introduction: Fundoplication techniques for treatment of gastroesophageal reflux are discussed concerning impairments and success. This randomized trial was conducted to compare Nissen's wrap and the anterior partial technique (Dor) concerning patients' quality of life (QoL) and functional data after a mid-term follow-up. Methods: In a 24-month period, 64 patients were equally randomized into grou...

OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnosis and treatment of ganglion cysts of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) of the knees. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical data of patients with ganglion cysts of ACL and PCL as confirmed by arthroscopy and pathology. RESULTS: All patients were followed up at the clinic in a mean period of 2 years, and their symptoms...

Spastic equinus foot.

Added: 06:00 EDT 21 May 2011

Pes equinus is the most common deformity in cerebral palsy. A primarily dynamic pes equinus without shortening of the calf muscle in many cases turns into a structural pes equinus. This is due to insufficient linear growth of the calf muscle compared to bone growth. Structural pes equinus has to be distinguished from marked, compensatory and forefoot pes equinus. Conservative as well as operative ...

What is Intrinsic Atopic Dermatitis?

Added: 06:00 EDT 25 May 2011

Many authors favor a distinction between the extrinsic and intrinsic forms of atopic dermatitis. In this review, the controversy is discussed and several definitions are presented. After reviewing many papers on this topic, it is our opinion that it is useful to separate the intrinsic and extrinsic forms of atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema and atopiform dermatitis because the pathophysiology app...

Hypoalbuminemia is common in patients with heart failure, and this condition becomes more prevalent with increasing age and illness. Hypoalbuminemia is thought to result mainly from malnutrition, inflammation and cachexia. Other causal factors include hemodilution, liver dysfunction, protein-losing enteropathy, increased transcapillary escape rate, and nephrotic syndrome. According to Starling's l...

PURPOSE: Successful outcomes for an athlete usually consist of returning to their sport. The Subjective Patient Outcome for Return to Sports (SPORTS) score has been recently proposed as an easy to use score for evaluating an athlete's ability to return to their sport. The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the SPORTS score in athletes 5-10 years after anterior cruciate ...

AIM: The aim of this study is to present our experience in colonic lipomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present 4 patients (1 male, 3 females) of mean age 65.5 years (range, 61-72 years) treated for single colonic lipomas. The diameters of the lesions were 4.5, 4, 3.5 and 2.5 cm, respectively. In 3 cases, colonic lipomas were located within the cecum, while in one patient within the descending col...

Forefoot and midfoot amputations.

Added: 06:00 EDT 17 Sep 2011

OBJECTIVE: Partial foot amputations are feasible regardless of the causal condition, including peripheral vascular disease with a few exceptions. Compared to higher amputation levels, a good foot stump permits full end bearing and enables the patient, even with a hindfoot stump, to walk without the need for a prosthesis. The more peripheral the amputation level selected, the greater the need for g...

The principle of proportionality is used in many different contexts. Some of these uses and contexts are first briefly indicated. This paper focusses on the use of this principle as a moral principle. I argue that under certain conditions the principle of proportionality is helpful as a guide in decision-making. But it needs to be clarified and to be used with some flexibility as a context-depende...

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