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Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

16:24 EDT 30th March 2017 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

Bereavement is a severe stressor that typically incites painful and debilitating symptoms of acute grief that commonly progresses to restoration of a satisfactory, if changed, life. Normally, grief does not need clinical intervention. However, sometimes acute grief can gain a foothold and become a chronic debilitating condition called complicated grief. Moreover, the stress caused by bereavement, ...

Resection arthroplasty with or without ligament reconstruction for thumb trapeziometacarpal arthritis can be complicated by thumb shortening and pinch-strength weakness. Implant arthroplasties have been developed to limit loss of thumb length, improve strength, and limit postoperative convalescence. The ideal thumb carpometacarpal implant should be strong and stable, provide full range of motion, ...

Traditional teaching has held that horizontal-gaze nystagmus is a sign of intoxication by sedatives such as alcohol but not marijuana. This is a case report of an adult male who presents with 3 days of visual disturbance and dizziness following marijuana use. The exam was notable for gaze-evoked nystagmus and ataxia. Lab testing was normal except that urine drug screening was positive for marijuan...

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

Tourette's syndrome in adults.

Added: 06:00 EDT 7 Aug 2010

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is defined as motor and phonic tics starting before age 18 years, and therefore most studies have focused on childhood TS, whereas the disorder in adults has not been well characterized. We reviewed medical records of all new TS patients referred to our Movement Disorders Clinic over the past 5 years, 19 years or older on initial evaluation and compared them with 100 TS pa...

In 328 immunocompromised patients, 105 with and 193 without Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was analysed retrospectively, taking into consideration the time interval from the onset of symptoms to the start of specific therapy. 97 of the 105 PCP patients were negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Eight were positive. Of the 193 patients without PC...

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) and its sequelae are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate [GTN]) remains a first-line treatment for angina pectoris and acute MI. Nitroglycerin achieves its benefit by giving rise to nitric oxide (NO), which causes vasodilation and increases blood flow to the myocardium. However, continuous delivery of GTN results ...

Stress reactions and stress fractures are defined as structural damage to bone caused by repetitive stress or stereotypical loading. The balance between loading and unloading of bone is disrupted in stress reactions and stress fractures through the sport-specific demands and by the exogenous or endogenous risk factors present. In sports orthopedics the localization of stress reactions and stress f...

This review focuses upon the biology and metabolism of a trace component in foods called nicotinamide riboside. Nicotinamide riboside is a precursor of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), and is a source of Vitamin B3. Evidence indicates that nicotinamide riboside has unique properties as a Vitamin B3. We review knowledge of the metabolism of this substance, as well as recent work suggesting ...

OBJECTIVE: To determine the physical compatibility of amiodarone administered in Y-site with other continuous infusion drugs, in order to ensure stability and safe delivery to the patient. METHOD: Experimental in vitro study. We determined the physical compatibility of amiodarone with drugs commonly used in the intensive care unit as a continuous infusion, simulating the same conditions as in dail...

BACKGROUND: Acute baclofen toxicity and withdrawal can present with a constellation of symptoms making differentiation between these two entities and other potential diagnoses challenging. Baclofen withdrawal is associated with numerous complications which may require neurocritical care expertise such as respiratory failure, refractory seizures, delirium, and blood pressure lability. METHODS: Case...

We report here the non-contrast and contrast-enhanced computed tomography performed in two calves with brain abscess and multiple pulmonary abscesses with pharyngeal abscess, respectively. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography was useful in the diagnosis of these diseases in both calves. The diseases were confirmed by histopathological examination.

Dural tears in spine surgery.

Added: 06:00 EDT 3 Sep 2010

Dural tears are among the most commonly seen complications in spine surgery. Most studies in the literature indicate that long-term outcomes are not negatively affected, provided that the tears are diagnosed early and managed appropriately. Direct suture repair remains the preferred method for the management of durotomy caused by or found during surgery. However, recent literature reports encourag...

Thrombocytopenia is usually acquired. The laboratory artefact of pseudothrombocytopenia should always be excluded. Bone marrow insufficiency with impaired platelet production results from infiltrating tumor cells or from a myelodsplastic syndrome. In patients with splenomegaly, platelets are trapped by the spleen. An increased platelet turnover is caused by activation of the clotting cascade, e.g....

Background: For patients with limited physical activities who use oral communication for most social activities, the assessment of dyspnea during speech activities (DS) may provide relevant measurement criteria. Although speech production is altered by lung disease it has not been included in current dyspnea assessment tools. Objectives: We evaluated DS in patients with chronic obstructive pulmona...

Professional values and nursing.

Added: 06:00 EST 10 Nov 2010

The values of nursing arise from a concern with human flourishing. If the desire to become a nurse is a reflection of an aspiration to care for others in need then we should anticipate that those who choose to nurse have a tendency towards the values we would normally associate with a caring profession (care, compassion, perhaps altruism, and so on). However, these values require a secure base if ...

Introduction to Nursing Aesthetics.

Added: 06:00 EDT 2 Apr 2011

Empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and personal knowing are the four fundamental patterns of knowledge inquiry. Of these, the aesthetic knowing pattern is least discussed in nursing literature. This article discusses the definition of nursing aesthetics; its utilization in practice; and correlations between aesthetics and clinical practice. One of the advantages inherent to nursing is its ability to d...

INTRODUCTION: Autologous bone graft is still considered to be the gold standard for treating non-unions in trauma and orthopedic surgery. Intramedullary bone graft harvest appears to be an alternative to other bone graft options such as iliac crest bone graft and synthetic bone substitutes. A one-step reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) system has been developed to reduce the intramedullary pressure ...

The paradox of low BNP levels in obesity.

Added: 06:00 EDT 28 Apr 2011

The aim of this review is to analyze in detail some possible pathophysiological mechanisms linking obesity and cardiac endocrine function, in order to try to explain the negative association previously observed between BMI and BNP values in both healthy subjects and patients with cardiovascular diseases. In particular, we discuss the hypothesis that the response of the cardiac endocrine system is ...

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a rare diagnosis in adults, since symptoms and signs usually occur in infancy and most cases are treated shortly after diagnosis. We present two patients who were first diagnosed with PDA during adulthood. The first case represents a more severe form of PDA, where the need for closure of the PDA is obvious. In the second case the sequelae of the PDA are less clear...

The flexor carpi radialis is a wrist flexor and radial deviator with half the relative strength of flexor carpi ulnaris. In the majority of patients, the flexor carpi radialis tendon is expendable and is routinely used for various reconstructive procedures about the hand and wrist. Isolated flexor carpi radialis lacerations at the wrist are rare. Flexor carpi radialis tendon ruptures, which have b...

BackgroundAlthough blood pressure (BP) differences from supine to sitting position have long been recognized, limited data are available on other commonly used body positions. We performed a cross-sectional study to compare BP values obtained in supine, sitting, and Fowler's positions in essential hypertensive subjects.MethodsSystolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were recorded using an automati...

Case Opioids are commonly prescribed for pain, and are often connected to mental status adverse events. Delirium is a side effect associated with narcotic analgesics, with a higher incidence in the elderly. This report describes an elderly male that received a total knee arthroplasty and received morphine post-operatively. On post-operative day 2, morphine was discontinued due to mental status cha...

Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a useful technique for differential diagnosis of various interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) and is usually realized by analysis of the differential cell count. This study was conducted to estimate the value of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) total cell count (TCC) in the diagnosis of ILD. We analyzed 237 BAL samples from patients with ILD: sarcoidosis (SA), idiop...

CT FEATURES OF PLEURAL MASSES AND NODULES.

Added: 06:00 EST 19 Nov 2011

Pleural space masses and nodules are rarely described on computed tomography (CT) in veterinary medicine and have only been described in patients with neoplasia. Our purpose was to describe the CT findings and diagnoses in seven patients with pleural masses and nodules. Two patients had broad-based, plaque-like pleural masses, both of which were due to neoplasia (primary pleural carcinoma, metasta...

BACKGROUND: Ethmoid sinus osteomas are uncommon, benign, osteogenic tumors. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe their usual clinical presentation and to discuss their surgical management. METHODS: The medical records of 25 patients treated for ethmoid osteoma between March 2001 and December 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The average tumor size was 18.5 ± 14 mm. O...

Topical glycopyrrolate (glycopyrronium bromide, 0.5% - 4% cream, solution or pads) is indicated mainly for hyperhydrosis (HH) of the head and neck(1) and gustatory sweating (diabetic(2) and Frey's(3) ). In our experience it is effective and well tolerated at those sites. European Pharmacopeia and US Pharmacopeia grade glycopyrrolate powder can be imported, and the desired formulation prepared by s...

Recurrent carpal tunnel syndrome.

Added: 08:00 EDT 1 Aug 2013

Carpal tunnel release is a common procedure with a high rate of alleviating the patient's symptoms. The incidence of recurrent or persistent carpal tunnel syndrome is rare, although likely underestimated. Complaints of worsening numbness, tingling, or weakness should alert the physician to possible nerve injury and need for early exploration. The overall results of revision carpal tunnel procedure...

Purpose: Monitoring of fibrinogen level is used to predict bleeding during lower extremity tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) infusions for peripheral arterial or venous thrombolysis. This practice is not fully addressed in the literature.Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed fibrinogen levels and studied bleeding rate from charts of patients who underwent lower extremity tPA infusion...

A lateralized pain in the neck is a common symptom encountered by the Otolaryngologist. This complaint, frequently caused by "lateral thyrohyoid ligament syndrome," is often misdiagnosed. The pathophysiology of this syndrome may relate to overuse, inflammation, and rigidity of the ligament caused by ossification. Typically, patients present with chronic unilateral neck pain, often associated with ...

The administration of injections is a fundamental nursing skill; however, it is not without risk. Children receive numerous vaccines, and pediatric nurses administer the majority of these vaccines via the intramuscular route, and thus must be knowledgeable about safe and evidence-based immunization programs. Nurses may not be aware of the potential consequences associated with poor injection pract...

OBJECTIVE: To explore the associated diseases with positive anti-double stranded (ds) DNA other than systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine an association if any, between its level in non-SLE causes. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients with positive anti-dsDNA assay (more than 200 IU/ml) tested for any underlying etiology from January to December 2007 at King Abdu...

It is well recognized that chemotherapy treatments can result in toxic side effects, some of which can be life threatening, such as bone marrow suppression causing neutropenia, thrombocytopaenia, and/or anaemia. These effects place patients at an increased risk of infection when having peripheral cannula placed for intravenous (IV) therapies. The issues surrounding infection control are therefore ...

Abstract The aim of the present work was to further clarify leukocyte activation due to hemodialysis (HD) procedures and to investigate its relationship with recombinant human erythropoietin resistance. Therefore, we studied the expression of CXCR1 and CD11b on neutrophils, as well as the monocyte expression of CD11b, HLA-DR, and CD14. We studied 34 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients under HD a...

Gastric-type epithelium and islands of oxyntic mucosa in duodenal biopsies are considered by some to be part of a spectrum of metaplastic change related to peptic disorders. This study was designed to assess prevalence and associations of metaplastic-heterotopic gastric mucosa in the duodenum. Demographic, clinical, and histopathologic data from patients who had duodenal biopsy specimens for a 12-...

Erythromycin (ER) is an antibiotic with prokinetic activity. This property has led to its clinical use to improve gastric emptying in patients with gastroparesis. Several papers have reported the effectiveness of ER in such patients; however few of these studies have been well-conducted methodologically with evaluation of clinical endpoints and their results are often contradictory. A benefit/risk...

Background D-dimers are used in conjunction with clinical probability scores in the assessment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and they are elevated in other conditions, including malignancy, infection and arrhythmias. High levels of D-dimers in VTE are associated with adverse outcomes, including increased mortality. Their significance in patients without VTE has not previously been established. ...

In laparoscopic cholecystectomy conversion to open surgery occurs. Patients who would otherwise need conversion can benefit from laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC). We present a review of studies in which outcome after LSC has been investigated. The results show reduced conversion rates, shorter hospital stay, minimal complications and mortality rates. Acute cholecystitis, cirrhosis, Mirr...

The aim of this study is to present the diagnosis and management of anastomotic leakage after colon resection. Early diagnosis and urgent therapeutic intervention are required in order to avert life-threatening conditions that may be caused by anastomotic leakage. Minor leaks can be managed conservatively with successful outcomes. Major leaks should be managed operatively. In conclusion, leakage o...

Infection and Anemia.

Added: Unknown

Anemia most frequently accompanies infection in varying degrees and in different forms. Anemia of inflammation is the most common and is due to over-expression of hepcidin. This is followed by hemolytic anemia, red cell aplasia and blood loss. The degree of anemia may not necessarily be proportional to the severity of the infection, nor is it specific for the type of infection. A clear understandi...

Abstract Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the standard treatment for gall bladder disease. However, despite its low degree of invasiveness, many patients complain of postoperative pain and postoperative nausea/vomiting. This study was planned to evaluate different factors affecting the incidence and severity of postoperative shoulder-tip pain after LC. Patients and Methods:...

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy.

Added: 06:00 EDT 10 Aug 2010

Sepsis-associated encephalopathy is a common but neglected clinical symptom of systemic inflammatory reaction in the early phase. The clinical spectrum of diffuse cerebral dysfunction induced by systemic sepsis - sepsis-associated encephalopathy according to the new terms- varies from transient, reversible encephalopathy, to severe irreversible brain damage. The aim of the present publication is t...

Abstract Background. Lumbar spinal stenosis is a common condition that causes axial low back pain, radicular pain, and neurogenic claudication. Epidural steroid injections are commonly used for the treatment of radicular symptoms and neurogenic claudication associated with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. No prior study has evaluated whether transforaminal or interlaminar epidural steroid injec...

The objectives of this retrospective case-control study were to identify risk factors of falls in geriatric-psychiatric inpatients and develop a screening tool to accurately predict falls. The study sample consisted of 225 geriatric-psychiatric inpatients at a Midwestern referral facility. The sample included 136 inpatients who fell and a random stratified sample of 89 inpatients who did not fall....

Posterior alien hand syndrome is a new addition to a poorly understood group of movement disorders. Historically, anatomical lesions causing uncontrolled limb movement and a feeling of foreignness were found to be located in the corpus callosum or frontal lobe. Recent case reports, however, demonstrate the typical symptoms of alien hand syndrome with lesions located in the parietal/occipital lobes...

Stoma prolapse and stoma retraction.

Added: 06:00 EDT 23 Oct 2010

Prolapse and retraction of an intestinal stoma are postoperative complications which severely decrease the quality of life of patients and in some cases lead to an operative revision. Both entities should be treated with sophisticated care by specialized stoma therapists in the early phase in order to prevent secondary problems such as dermal ulceration. However, in case of additional problems, su...

Ocular pain is most commonly associated with redness and inflammation; however, eye pain can also occur in the absence of grossly visible pathology. Pain in the quiet eye can be the first sign of a number of threatening conditions. Many of these conditions such as intermittent angle closure glaucoma, carotid artery dissection, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and giant cell arteritis can lead...

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