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Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

03:59 EDT 26th April 2017 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

Abstract Background. Lumbar spinal stenosis is a common condition that causes axial low back pain, radicular pain, and neurogenic claudication. Epidural steroid injections are commonly used for the treatment of radicular symptoms and neurogenic claudication associated with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. No prior study has evaluated whether transforaminal or interlaminar epidural steroid injec...

In 328 immunocompromised patients, 105 with and 193 without Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was analysed retrospectively, taking into consideration the time interval from the onset of symptoms to the start of specific therapy. 97 of the 105 PCP patients were negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Eight were positive. Of the 193 patients without PC...

Abstract Therapy of recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in the renal allograft is largely based on case reports. The use of plasmapheresis alone (based on its effectiveness in children) appears less effective in adults, reaching a response rate of

BACKGROUND: Acute baclofen toxicity and withdrawal can present with a constellation of symptoms making differentiation between these two entities and other potential diagnoses challenging. Baclofen withdrawal is associated with numerous complications which may require neurocritical care expertise such as respiratory failure, refractory seizures, delirium, and blood pressure lability. METHODS: Case...

Professional values and nursing.

Added: 06:00 EST 10 Nov 2010

The values of nursing arise from a concern with human flourishing. If the desire to become a nurse is a reflection of an aspiration to care for others in need then we should anticipate that those who choose to nurse have a tendency towards the values we would normally associate with a caring profession (care, compassion, perhaps altruism, and so on). However, these values require a secure base if ...

This study is to clarify whether C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) count influence insulin homeostasis to the same degree. Serum CRP and peripheral WBC were measured in 739 subjects with normal glucose regulation, 512 with impaired glucose regulation, and 502 newly diagnosed diabetic patients. Levels of insulin resistance (IR) were assessed using the index of homeostasis model (H...

Pneumococcal antibodies represent the acquisition of natural immunity. Determination of pneumococcal antibodies is an important screening tool for immunodeficiencies. Our study generated reference ranges and cutoff levels for pneumococcal antibody global serum assays correlated to a specific pneumococcal antibody ELISA. Specific pneumococcal antibody levels were measured from 457 children undergoi...

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

Tourette's syndrome in adults.

Added: 06:00 EDT 7 Aug 2010

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is defined as motor and phonic tics starting before age 18 years, and therefore most studies have focused on childhood TS, whereas the disorder in adults has not been well characterized. We reviewed medical records of all new TS patients referred to our Movement Disorders Clinic over the past 5 years, 19 years or older on initial evaluation and compared them with 100 TS pa...

Abstract Context.-Intraosseous (IO) blood is frequently used to establish a blood chemistry profile in critically ill patients. Questions remain regarding the reliability of IO blood for laboratory analysis and established criteria regarding the amount of marrow/blood to waste before taking an IO sample are not available. Objectives.-To evaluate IO-derived blood for routine laboratory blood tests ...

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative, chronic and irreversible condition. Palliative medicine may play an important role in the care of patients with PD to maintain the quality of life. Scopolamine is a non-competitive antagonist at muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, which was used many years ago in the treatment for PD. To the best of our knowledge, there are no previously reported cases o...

Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) represents a group of glycerophospholipid homologues where ethanol by phospholipase D has been bound at the position that normally contains an amino-alcohol. Since the formation of PEth is specifically dependent on ethanol, the diagnostic specificity of PEth as an alcohol biomarker is theoretically 100%. The half-life of PEth in blood is approximately 4 days. The amount ...

BackgroundAlthough blood pressure (BP) differences from supine to sitting position have long been recognized, limited data are available on other commonly used body positions. We performed a cross-sectional study to compare BP values obtained in supine, sitting, and Fowler's positions in essential hypertensive subjects.MethodsSystolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were recorded using an automati...

Topical glycopyrrolate (glycopyrronium bromide, 0.5% - 4% cream, solution or pads) is indicated mainly for hyperhydrosis (HH) of the head and neck(1) and gustatory sweating (diabetic(2) and Frey's(3) ). In our experience it is effective and well tolerated at those sites. European Pharmacopeia and US Pharmacopeia grade glycopyrrolate powder can be imported, and the desired formulation prepared by s...

Purpose: Monitoring of fibrinogen level is used to predict bleeding during lower extremity tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) infusions for peripheral arterial or venous thrombolysis. This practice is not fully addressed in the literature.Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed fibrinogen levels and studied bleeding rate from charts of patients who underwent lower extremity tPA infusion...

The administration of injections is a fundamental nursing skill; however, it is not without risk. Children receive numerous vaccines, and pediatric nurses administer the majority of these vaccines via the intramuscular route, and thus must be knowledgeable about safe and evidence-based immunization programs. Nurses may not be aware of the potential consequences associated with poor injection pract...

ABSTRACT The aim of the study is to determine the proportion of patients who have esophageal biopsy specimens taken for an endoscopic diagnosis of reflux esophagitis in which an endoscopic grade of esophagitis (Los Angeles [LA] or Savary-Miller [SM]) is communicated to the pathologist, and to evaluate the correlation between those endoscopic grades and histopathologic findings. We searched the dat...

Frequency of colitis induced by drugs is often under estimated. Antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are usually incriminated. In this study, we classified colitis according to the main responsible drug with a focus on clinical symptomatology, physiopathology, evolution, and complications. We describe colitis due to antibiotics, NSAIDS, laxatives, vasoconstrictive agents, ...

BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with high 1-year mortality rates, but whether patients with other lower extremity fractures are exposed to a similar mortality risk is not clear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated the mortality of elderly patients after distal femur fractures; determined predictors for mortality; analyzed the effect of surgical delay; and compared survivorship...

Anesthesia for the Patient with Dementia.

Added: 06:00 EDT 23 Sep 2010

With a growing aging population, more patients suffering from dementia are expected to undergo surgery, thus being exposed to either general or regional anesthesia. This calls for specific attention ranging from the legal aspects of obtaining informed consent in demented patients to deciding on the use of premedication, choice of anesthetics, and management of postoperative pain. This review refle...

Generally speaking, the term "ophthalmic aneurysms" refers to carotid-ophthalmic aneurysms, which arise from the internal carotid artery (ICA) wall at or around the origin of the ophthalmic artery (OA). In contrast, aneurysms arising from the OA stem or its branches, separate from the ICA are called peripheral OA aneurysms (POAAs). POAAs are a rare entity, which clinical features and natural cours...

Background & aims: The use of low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) in patients with advanced liver diseases is frequently avoided because of the enhanced risk of bleeding complications. However, many patients with impaired liver function are at a high risk of thrombosis or have an indication for therapeutic anticoagulation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of L...

Stoma prolapse and stoma retraction.

Added: 06:00 EDT 23 Oct 2010

Prolapse and retraction of an intestinal stoma are postoperative complications which severely decrease the quality of life of patients and in some cases lead to an operative revision. Both entities should be treated with sophisticated care by specialized stoma therapists in the early phase in order to prevent secondary problems such as dermal ulceration. However, in case of additional problems, su...

WHO grading of human brain tumors extends beyond a strictly histological grading system by providing a basis predictive for the clinical behavior of the respective neoplasm. For example, patients with glioblastoma WHO grade IV usually show a less favorable clinical course and receive more aggressive first-line treatment than patients with anaplastic astrocytoma WHO grade III. Here we provide evide...

Codeine v. morphine. :: Added: 06:00 EST 12 Jan 2011

Thrombin injection is frequently used to occlude iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms in larger vessels, but has never successfully been used in the radial artery location. Here we report the use of this treatment in a patient with radial artery pseudoaneurysm following coronary intervention. After Doppler sonographic visualization of the pseudoaneurysm cavity and its neck, an ultrasound-guided transcutaneo...

A 60-year-old woman with advanced Huntington's disease and a recent episode of aspiration pneumonia presented with erythema, edema, and blistering of the right forearm. An 18-gauge peripheral intravenous catheter had been partially displaced from the same site 10 hours earlier, resulting in infusion of an unknown quantity of parenteral-nutrition solution (80 g of dextrose per liter, 22 g of amino ...

Scaphoid fractures in childhood.

Added: 06:00 EDT 30 Mar 2011

This article reviews current knowledge about scaphoid fractures in children and adolescents, including the development of the scaphoid, its injuries and age-specific treatment for acute and late presenting fractures. The following recommendations are based on the literature, although scientific evidence to support treatment strategies is scarce. The diagnosis of scaphoid fractures is often missed ...

What is Intrinsic Atopic Dermatitis?

Added: 06:00 EDT 25 May 2011

Many authors favor a distinction between the extrinsic and intrinsic forms of atopic dermatitis. In this review, the controversy is discussed and several definitions are presented. After reviewing many papers on this topic, it is our opinion that it is useful to separate the intrinsic and extrinsic forms of atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema and atopiform dermatitis because the pathophysiology app...

Changes in the Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children-IV (WISC-IV) may affect the IQ profile characteristic of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Moreover, the association of particular component cognitive abilities (unlike overall IQ) with symptomatology and adaptive functioning in ASD remains unclear. This archival study characterizes the WISC-IV IQ profile among 56 high-functioning (IQ > 70)...

Troponins in Acute Kidney Injury.

Added: 06:00 EDT 21 Oct 2011

Abstract Aim: To investigate and describe cardiac troponins in subjects with acute kidney injury (AKI). Methods: A prospective observational study of troponin in subjects presenting with AKI in a tertiary hospital. Creatine kinase-MB (CKMB), troponin I (Abbott Laboratories), and troponin T (Roche 4th generation) were measured. Patients with conditions known to cause elevated troponin levels were...

Avulsion fracture of the lesser trochanter.

Added: 06:00 EDT 23 Mar 2012

An avulsion fracture of the lesser trochanter is a very rare injury often misdiagnosed as a muscle lesion or hip distortion. This report concerns the avulsion fracture of the lesser trochanter of a 13-year-old boy, suffered on a runway preparing for a long jump. Conservative treatment without weight-bearing was indicated for 6 weeks. Twelve weeks after the injury the patient resumed his normal spo...

BACKGROUND: Despite technical refinements of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement, complications such as early tube dislodgement remain relatively static. This study aimed to review the experience of a high-volume endoscopy center after the introduction of T-fastener placement in high-risk patients. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed PEG placement from October 2010 t...

Modern understanding of lung sounds started with a historical article by Forgacs. Since then, many studies have clarified the changes of lung sounds due to airway narrowing as well as the mechanism of genesis for these sounds. Studies using bronchoprovocation have shown that an increase of the frequency and/or intensity of lung sounds was a common finding of airway narrowing and correlated well wi...

Terminally ill individuals with serious and persistent mental illness (SPMI) are currently underserved by palliative care. However, palliative care nurses can expect to see more patients with SPMI because an estimated 6% of the adult population has chronic mental illness, and mortality and morbidity rates are higher in this group. Reasons for these increased rates are discussed. Literature regardi...

BACKGROUND: The crossover sign is a radiographic finding associated with cranial acetabular retroversion and has been associated with pincer-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in patients with hip pain. Variable morphology, location, and size of the anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) may contribute to the crossover sign even in the absence of retroversion. Thus, the sign may overestimate th...

Clonidine, an alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist, has well-established role in acute perioperative pain management. However, recently it has found increasing use in chronic pain conditions as well. In this review, we systematically searched and analyzed the clinical studies from "PubMed," "PubMed central" and "Scopus" database for use of clonidine in the chronic pain. Quantitative meta-analysis w...

There is currently no existing freely available short screen for cognitive problems that targets stroke survivors specifically. We have developed a short cognitive screen, the Oxford Cognitive Screen (OCS), to be completed in 15-20 min, designed for use with stroke patients. To maximize inclusion, the test is aphasia- and neglect friendly and covers domains of cognition where deficits frequently o...

Functional Electrical Stimulation is a promising approach to treat patients by stimulating the peripheral nerves and their corresponding motor neurons using electrical current. This technique helps maintain muscle mass and promote blood flow in the absence of a functioning nervous system. The goal of this work is to control muscle contractions from FES via three different algorithms and assess the...

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights recent advances in our understanding of autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) including serological diagnosis, clinical observations, pathophysiology, and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Classical AAG is a subacute disorder associated with antibodies against ganglionic acetylcholine receptors. Recent observations demonstrate that these antibodies cause a s...

Luminex bead-based assays are routinely used in the study of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) donor-specific antibodies (DSA). Single antigen (SA) assays use beads coated with recombinant antigens whereas Luminex crossmatch (Xm-DSA) tests consist of beads coated with isolated donor-specific HLA molecules. The aim of this study was to compare these techniques used to detect DSA. A total of 24 ser...

BACKGROUND:: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein values decline over the first few months of life as the infant's blood-CSF barrier matures. However, published studies differ in the reported rate, timing, and magnitude of this decline. OBJECTIVE:: To quantify the age-related changes in CSF protein concentration and to determine accurate, age-specific reference values for neonates and young infants. ...

OBJECTIVE: To describe a probable interaction between enteral feeds and levodopa leading to neuroleptic malignant-like syndrome (NMLS) in a polytrauma patient with Parkinson's disease (PD). CASE SUMMARY: A 63-year-old morbidly obese male polytrauma patient with PD and type 2 diabetes mellitus was admitted to our intensive care unit postoperatively. Enteral feeds were administered per nasogastric t...

BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is the third leading cause of death from cancer in the United States. Recent studies report on increasing proportions of proximal cancers. The etiology behind this epidemiological trend is unclear, and its implication on survival outcomes is unknown. Further analysis of the impact of anatomic site of disease among a large multiethnic population will help facilitate researc...

BACKGROUND: Prediction of adverse maternal and neonatal events in women with heart disease is not well established. We aimed to assess cardiac, obstetrical and neonatal complications in pregnant women with heart disease referred to our tertiary care center and validate a previously proposed risk index. METHODS: We included 227 women with cardiac disease followed for 312 pregnancies at our tertiary...

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