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Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

22:49 EDT 25th June 2016 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative, chronic and irreversible condition. Palliative medicine may play an important role in the care of patients with PD to maintain the quality of life. Scopolamine is a non-competitive antagonist at muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, which was used many years ago in the treatment for PD. To the best of our knowledge, there are no previously reported cases o...

The aim of this study is to present the diagnosis and management of anastomotic leakage after colon resection. Early diagnosis and urgent therapeutic intervention are required in order to avert life-threatening conditions that may be caused by anastomotic leakage. Minor leaks can be managed conservatively with successful outcomes. Major leaks should be managed operatively. In conclusion, leakage o...

Diuretics are agents commonly used in diseases characterized by excess extracellular fluid, including chronic kidney disease, the nephrotic syndrome, cirrhosis and heart failure. Multiple diuretic classes, including thiazide-type diuretics, loop diuretics and K(+)-sparing diuretics, are used to treat patients with these diseases, either individually or as combination therapies. An understanding of...

Sudden onset of abdominal distension....

Added: 06:00 EDT 20 Sep 2012

We report the case of a 39 years old patient with sudden onset of abdominal distension and icterus. Occlusion of the liver veins discovered by doppler ultrasound caused the portal hypertension and liver disease. Given the erythrocytosis the detection of JAK 2-mutation proved polycythemia vera as underlying disease for the Budd Chiari syndrome. The implantation of a TIPS wasn't successful because o...

A fluoroscopy-guided lumbar spine injection procedure may be complicated by immediate paralysis. Twelve cases (five recent and seven published) that occurred between 2002 and 2008 were reviewed (history of lumbar surgery, route of injection, image-guidance, injection of contrast, type of steroid, level of paraplegia, MR imaging features). MRI showed cord ischemia from arterial origin. The high num...

Doppler velocimetry of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) has played a major role in fetal medicine for the last 23 years, both in intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) and anemic fetuses. Its utility in the diagnosis and management of cases of fetal anemia was initially demonstrated in cases of red cell alloimmunization and later extended to other types of anemia. In addition, MCA Doppler studies a...

OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnosis and treatment of ganglion cysts of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) of the knees. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical data of patients with ganglion cysts of ACL and PCL as confirmed by arthroscopy and pathology. RESULTS: All patients were followed up at the clinic in a mean period of 2 years, and their symptoms...

Forefoot and midfoot amputations.

Added: 06:00 EDT 17 Sep 2011

OBJECTIVE: Partial foot amputations are feasible regardless of the causal condition, including peripheral vascular disease with a few exceptions. Compared to higher amputation levels, a good foot stump permits full end bearing and enables the patient, even with a hindfoot stump, to walk without the need for a prosthesis. The more peripheral the amputation level selected, the greater the need for g...

Shortness of breath is a common complaint in those with chronic liver disease. The differential diagnosis for this complaint includes primary pulmonary disorders, systemic disorders that affect the liver and lungs, and extrahepatic manifestations of portal hypertension. Orthotopic liver transplant, when appropriate, is the most effective therapy for many patients with dyspnea and chronic liver dis...

Modern understanding of lung sounds started with a historical article by Forgacs. Since then, many studies have clarified the changes of lung sounds due to airway narrowing as well as the mechanism of genesis for these sounds. Studies using bronchoprovocation have shown that an increase of the frequency and/or intensity of lung sounds was a common finding of airway narrowing and correlated well wi...

Traditional teaching has held that horizontal-gaze nystagmus is a sign of intoxication by sedatives such as alcohol but not marijuana. This is a case report of an adult male who presents with 3 days of visual disturbance and dizziness following marijuana use. The exam was notable for gaze-evoked nystagmus and ataxia. Lab testing was normal except that urine drug screening was positive for marijuan...

This review focuses upon the biology and metabolism of a trace component in foods called nicotinamide riboside. Nicotinamide riboside is a precursor of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), and is a source of Vitamin B3. Evidence indicates that nicotinamide riboside has unique properties as a Vitamin B3. We review knowledge of the metabolism of this substance, as well as recent work suggesting ...

The administration of injections is a fundamental nursing skill; however, it is not without risk. Children receive numerous vaccines, and pediatric nurses administer the majority of these vaccines via the intramuscular route, and thus must be knowledgeable about safe and evidence-based immunization programs. Nurses may not be aware of the potential consequences associated with poor injection pract...

Current treatment for type II endoleak includes transarterial embolization and translumbar puncture, but each method has its drawbacks. With real-time three-dimensional fluoroscopy guidance, a cone-beam computed tomography (CT) image is created in which the needle trajectory is determined. The trajectory is superimposed on the fluoroscopy image, allowing real-time needle placement for precise embo...

Nail punctures through rubber-soled shoes expose the foot to the possibility of deep infection and foreign body retention. In this article, we describe characteristics of adult patients who sustained nail puncture wounds through a rubber-soled shoe and were treated at our institution from January 1, 2000, to January 8, 2008. Of the 96 patients, 36 (37.5%) were treated conservatively and 60 (62.5%)...

Dural tears in spine surgery.

Added: 06:00 EDT 3 Sep 2010

Dural tears are among the most commonly seen complications in spine surgery. Most studies in the literature indicate that long-term outcomes are not negatively affected, provided that the tears are diagnosed early and managed appropriately. Direct suture repair remains the preferred method for the management of durotomy caused by or found during surgery. However, recent literature reports encourag...

Abstract Context.-Intraosseous (IO) blood is frequently used to establish a blood chemistry profile in critically ill patients. Questions remain regarding the reliability of IO blood for laboratory analysis and established criteria regarding the amount of marrow/blood to waste before taking an IO sample are not available. Objectives.-To evaluate IO-derived blood for routine laboratory blood tests ...

A patient with symptoms suggestive of neuroleptic malignant syndrome after levodopa withdrawal is described. The patient presented with persistent high fever, stupor, autonomic dysfunction, rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis. He was successfully treated with intravenous dantrolene, resumption of levodopa, and forced alkaline diuresis. Doctors should be aware of the risk of abrupt cessation of dopamine a...

Chronic synovitis of knee joints that cannot be treated by conservative measure effectively can be treated successfully by the operations through resecting the inflamed synovium. The operations include open synovectomy and arthroscopic synovectomy. The purpose of this study is to compare the two operations in alleviating symptoms and cosmetic effect. There were 42 patients in this study, and they ...

Abstract Objectives. To investigate the incidence and outcome of driveline infections in patients supported with a continuous flow left ventricular assist device (HeartMate II (HMII)) and to study the microbiological aetiology. Design. Retrospective analysis of 31 patients who received an implantation of a HMII. Follow-up was from implantation to either device explantation, death or closure of the...

The flexor carpi radialis is a wrist flexor and radial deviator with half the relative strength of flexor carpi ulnaris. In the majority of patients, the flexor carpi radialis tendon is expendable and is routinely used for various reconstructive procedures about the hand and wrist. Isolated flexor carpi radialis lacerations at the wrist are rare. Flexor carpi radialis tendon ruptures, which have b...

Background:  Assessments of nutritional status frequently incorporate a measure of height to evaluate a person's relative thinness or fatness. Because height is often difficult to quantify, it may be predicted from alternative anthropometric measurements, including ulna length. Little information is available about the accuracy of these predictions in an ethnically diverse population. The presen...

INTRODUCTION: Previable (less than 24 weeks) premature rupture of membranes complicates about 1 in every thousand births and is responsible for substantial perinatal mortality. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this paper, we retrospectively analyzed one twin and 35 singleton pregnancies. ...

Natural products as kinase inhibitors.

Added: 06:00 EST 11 Jan 2012

Covering: up to 2001Natural products have been widely used to dissect the basic mechanisms of fundamental life science and as clinical therapeutics. Recently, there has been significant interest in discovering new chemical pharmacophores in natural products to fulfil the vast demand for novel kinase inhibitors and address critical unmet medical needs with respect to signal transduction pathways. I...

OBJECTIVE: To explore the associated diseases with positive anti-double stranded (ds) DNA other than systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine an association if any, between its level in non-SLE causes. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients with positive anti-dsDNA assay (more than 200 IU/ml) tested for any underlying etiology from January to December 2007 at King Abdu...

Gastric-type epithelium and islands of oxyntic mucosa in duodenal biopsies are considered by some to be part of a spectrum of metaplastic change related to peptic disorders. This study was designed to assess prevalence and associations of metaplastic-heterotopic gastric mucosa in the duodenum. Demographic, clinical, and histopathologic data from patients who had duodenal biopsy specimens for a 12-...

Background and Aims: Equation for Japanese estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) has been revised by measuring GFR using inulin clearance. We assessed in an elderly Japanese population the association of the new eGFR with all-cause mortality and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: Seventy-year-old subjects who resided in Niigata city, Japan participated. Baseline examinatio...

BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is associated with lower fecundity rates, adverse reproductive outcomes and a higher risk of IVF failures. Over the last few decades, prevalence of smoking among women of reproductive age has increased. This review focuses on current knowledge of the potential effects of smoke toxicants on all reproductive stages and the consequences of smoke exposure on reproductive f...

Tourette's syndrome in adults.

Added: 06:00 EDT 7 Aug 2010

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is defined as motor and phonic tics starting before age 18 years, and therefore most studies have focused on childhood TS, whereas the disorder in adults has not been well characterized. We reviewed medical records of all new TS patients referred to our Movement Disorders Clinic over the past 5 years, 19 years or older on initial evaluation and compared them with 100 TS pa...

No abstract available.

About half of the patients suffering from heart failure present with sleep-disordered breathing. In most cases obstructive and central breathing disturbances (including Cheyne-Stokes respiration [CSR]) coexist. CSR is defined by a waxing and waning pattern of the tidal volume. While its pathophysiology has not been elucidated completely, increased ventilatory sensitivity for CO2 and therefore an i...

Background and objective: A murine model of skin injury from vinorelbine extravasation was established to evaluate the treatment efficacy of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF). Materials and method: Experimental models were divided into bFGF, rhGM-CSF, and control (saline) groups, with 40 mice in each group. Edema...

For decades, methylene blue has been used in gastrointestinal endoscopy as an absorbing dye, it was, however, not approved for that purpose and has now been withdrawn from the market. A possible substitute is toluidine blue, an acidophilic, metachromatic dye that selectively stains cell nuclei; accordingly, since 2007, toluidine blue has been approved as a topical diagnostic agent in chromoendosco...

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis on the distribution of blood flow to the caudate nucleus, lentiform nucleus, and thalamus. METHODS: We studied 18 healthy control subjects, 20 patients with a unilateral asymptomatic ICA stenosis, and 15 patients with a recently symptomatic unilateral ICA stenosis. The contribution of the ICAs and the basilar artery ...

Anesthesia for the Patient with Dementia.

Added: 06:00 EDT 23 Sep 2010

With a growing aging population, more patients suffering from dementia are expected to undergo surgery, thus being exposed to either general or regional anesthesia. This calls for specific attention ranging from the legal aspects of obtaining informed consent in demented patients to deciding on the use of premedication, choice of anesthetics, and management of postoperative pain. This review refle...

Background & aims: The use of low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) in patients with advanced liver diseases is frequently avoided because of the enhanced risk of bleeding complications. However, many patients with impaired liver function are at a high risk of thrombosis or have an indication for therapeutic anticoagulation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of L...

The leak rates of different gastrointestinal anastomoses vary considerably but despite this there are common and general concepts for diagnosis and management. Early diagnosis and timely consistent therapy must guide management to prevent harm to the patients. Diagnosis of anastomotic leaks is coupled to clinical signs of the patients and should be initiated promptly. Dependent on the localization...

Bupropion is a commonly prescribed, monocyclic antidepressant often used as an aid for smoking cessation. Several case reports have described false positive amphetamine urine drug screens (UDS) associated with bupropion. We sought to determine whether false positive amphetamine UDS due to the use of bupropion would be a frequent occurrence. We conducted an IRB-approved, retrospective chart review ...

Codeine v. morphine. :: Added: 06:00 EST 12 Jan 2011

Brain CT obtained from cardiac arrest (CA) victims immediately after resuscitation may be useful in predicting their outcomes. Most data have been derived from CA victims of cardiac etiology, however, CT signs of brain ischemia/hypoxia have rarely been studied in victims of asphyxial CA. Loss of gray-white matter discrimination (GWMD) at the basal ganglia seems to be the most reliable early CT sig...

A 59-year-old man presented with paresthesia and weakness in both legs. Plain radiography of the abdomen showed marked calcification of the abdominal aorta, aortic bifurcation, and common iliac arteries. These findings were confirmed on CT of the lower abdomen.

In 328 immunocompromised patients, 105 with and 193 without Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was analysed retrospectively, taking into consideration the time interval from the onset of symptoms to the start of specific therapy. 97 of the 105 PCP patients were negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Eight were positive. Of the 193 patients without PC...

What is Intrinsic Atopic Dermatitis?

Added: 06:00 EDT 25 May 2011

Many authors favor a distinction between the extrinsic and intrinsic forms of atopic dermatitis. In this review, the controversy is discussed and several definitions are presented. After reviewing many papers on this topic, it is our opinion that it is useful to separate the intrinsic and extrinsic forms of atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema and atopiform dermatitis because the pathophysiology app...

Osteoporosis is a leading health problem worldwide due to the morbidity and mortality associated with fractures. However, a large number of fractures occur in persons without osteoporosis, when defined by bone mineral density alone. Numerous studies have shown that the risk of subsequent fracture is increased following fractures at most sites, and the increased risk is not limited to prior hip and...

There is a wide variety in the appearance of normal female external genitalia. Nevertheless a specific prototype is promoted by the media, leading to a false sense that all other appearances are abnormal. As adolescents become sexually aware at an earlier age, most of them are worried about the appearance of their genitalia, especially when labia minora protrude beyond labia majora.  This is a p...

wu h.-l. & volker d.l. (2011) Humanistic Nursing Theory: application to hospice and palliative care. Journal of Advanced Nursing. ABSTRACT: Aim.  This article presents a discussion of the relevance of Humanistic Nursing Theory to hospice and palliative care nursing. Background.  The World Health Organization has characterized the need for expert, palliative and end-of-life care as a top prio...

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