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Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

11:14 EDT 27th August 2016 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

Gastric-type epithelium and islands of oxyntic mucosa in duodenal biopsies are considered by some to be part of a spectrum of metaplastic change related to peptic disorders. This study was designed to assess prevalence and associations of metaplastic-heterotopic gastric mucosa in the duodenum. Demographic, clinical, and histopathologic data from patients who had duodenal biopsy specimens for a 12-...

Tourette's syndrome in adults.

Added: 06:00 EDT 7 Aug 2010

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is defined as motor and phonic tics starting before age 18 years, and therefore most studies have focused on childhood TS, whereas the disorder in adults has not been well characterized. We reviewed medical records of all new TS patients referred to our Movement Disorders Clinic over the past 5 years, 19 years or older on initial evaluation and compared them with 100 TS pa...

Abstract Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the standard treatment for gall bladder disease. However, despite its low degree of invasiveness, many patients complain of postoperative pain and postoperative nausea/vomiting. This study was planned to evaluate different factors affecting the incidence and severity of postoperative shoulder-tip pain after LC. Patients and Methods:...

Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a useful technique for differential diagnosis of various interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) and is usually realized by analysis of the differential cell count. This study was conducted to estimate the value of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) total cell count (TCC) in the diagnosis of ILD. We analyzed 237 BAL samples from patients with ILD: sarcoidosis (SA), idiop...

Diuretics are agents commonly used in diseases characterized by excess extracellular fluid, including chronic kidney disease, the nephrotic syndrome, cirrhosis and heart failure. Multiple diuretic classes, including thiazide-type diuretics, loop diuretics and K(+)-sparing diuretics, are used to treat patients with these diseases, either individually or as combination therapies. An understanding of...

Purpose: Monitoring of fibrinogen level is used to predict bleeding during lower extremity tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) infusions for peripheral arterial or venous thrombolysis. This practice is not fully addressed in the literature.Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed fibrinogen levels and studied bleeding rate from charts of patients who underwent lower extremity tPA infusion...

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative, chronic and irreversible condition. Palliative medicine may play an important role in the care of patients with PD to maintain the quality of life. Scopolamine is a non-competitive antagonist at muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, which was used many years ago in the treatment for PD. To the best of our knowledge, there are no previously reported cases o...

Background: The presence of immature neutrophils (bands) in the circulating blood is often used as a clinical indicator of sepsis. Indeed, a band count greater than 10% is one of the American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine's systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria used to diagnose sepsis. However, the literature regarding the diagnostic accuracy of an...

INTRODUCTION. Because Alzheimer's disease (AD) needs to be treated as soon as possible after onset, its early detection has become one of the core areas of research in the field of neurodegenerative diseases. DEVELOPMENT. Attempts to characterise the incipient phases of the disease have evolved from the appearance of the heterogeneous concept of mild cognitive impairment in the last twentieth cent...

Bereavement is a severe stressor that typically incites painful and debilitating symptoms of acute grief that commonly progresses to restoration of a satisfactory, if changed, life. Normally, grief does not need clinical intervention. However, sometimes acute grief can gain a foothold and become a chronic debilitating condition called complicated grief. Moreover, the stress caused by bereavement, ...

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) and its sequelae are leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate [GTN]) remains a first-line treatment for angina pectoris and acute MI. Nitroglycerin achieves its benefit by giving rise to nitric oxide (NO), which causes vasodilation and increases blood flow to the myocardium. However, continuous delivery of GTN results ...

Summary Introduction: The graphical representation of clotting data can provide useful information. A novel feature of the ACL TOP software allows display of clot reaction curves with superimposed first and second derivative curves. We noted atypical derivative plots associated with normal 'S'-shaped clot reaction curves in some abnormal activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). Methods: We te...

Resection arthroplasty with or without ligament reconstruction for thumb trapeziometacarpal arthritis can be complicated by thumb shortening and pinch-strength weakness. Implant arthroplasties have been developed to limit loss of thumb length, improve strength, and limit postoperative convalescence. The ideal thumb carpometacarpal implant should be strong and stable, provide full range of motion, ...

The impact of small anions on the physical properties of gel-forming mucin has been almost overlooked relative to that of cations. Recently, based on the coincident abnormalities in HCO(3)(-) secretion and abnormal mucus formed in the hereditary disease, Cystic Fibrosis (CF), HCO(3)(-) was hypothesized to be critical in the formation of normal mucus by virtue of its ability to sequester Ca(2+) fro...

Current treatment for type II endoleak includes transarterial embolization and translumbar puncture, but each method has its drawbacks. With real-time three-dimensional fluoroscopy guidance, a cone-beam computed tomography (CT) image is created in which the needle trajectory is determined. The trajectory is superimposed on the fluoroscopy image, allowing real-time needle placement for precise embo...

We report here the non-contrast and contrast-enhanced computed tomography performed in two calves with brain abscess and multiple pulmonary abscesses with pharyngeal abscess, respectively. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography was useful in the diagnosis of these diseases in both calves. The diseases were confirmed by histopathological examination.

BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with high 1-year mortality rates, but whether patients with other lower extremity fractures are exposed to a similar mortality risk is not clear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated the mortality of elderly patients after distal femur fractures; determined predictors for mortality; analyzed the effect of surgical delay; and compared survivorship...

The safety and efficacy of temporary pericardial pacing wires have been accepted and their use is common after cardiac operations. Complications related to pacing wire removal are unusual but it can be serious and even catastrophic. We report an unusual case of bleeding due the laceration and rent created in the saphenous vein graft wall by the metallic tip of the pacing wire at the time of pacing...

A patient with symptoms suggestive of neuroleptic malignant syndrome after levodopa withdrawal is described. The patient presented with persistent high fever, stupor, autonomic dysfunction, rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis. He was successfully treated with intravenous dantrolene, resumption of levodopa, and forced alkaline diuresis. Doctors should be aware of the risk of abrupt cessation of dopamine a...

Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) represents a group of glycerophospholipid homologues where ethanol by phospholipase D has been bound at the position that normally contains an amino-alcohol. Since the formation of PEth is specifically dependent on ethanol, the diagnostic specificity of PEth as an alcohol biomarker is theoretically 100%. The half-life of PEth in blood is approximately 4 days. The amount ...

In 328 immunocompromised patients, 105 with and 193 without Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was analysed retrospectively, taking into consideration the time interval from the onset of symptoms to the start of specific therapy. 97 of the 105 PCP patients were negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Eight were positive. Of the 193 patients without PC...

Case Opioids are commonly prescribed for pain, and are often connected to mental status adverse events. Delirium is a side effect associated with narcotic analgesics, with a higher incidence in the elderly. This report describes an elderly male that received a total knee arthroplasty and received morphine post-operatively. On post-operative day 2, morphine was discontinued due to mental status cha...

Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) may develop progressive dementia late in their clinical course. Dementia in PD is mostly related to neuropathological findings of extensive Lewy bodies (LBs), with or without the coexistence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Aphasia has been reported in patients with LB diseases with AD pathology; however, there have been no reports of typical PD patient...

Hirsch R, Deng H, Laohachai MN. Azithromycin in periodontal treatment: more than an antibiotic. J Periodont Res 2011.doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2011.01418.x.©2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S Azithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic used extensively in medicine for the treatment of a wide range of infections such as upper respiratory tract infections, middle ear infections, sexually transmitted infections a...

Peripheral neuropathy associated with monoclonal gammopathy is a rare but important cause of neuropathy that can herald serious underlying disease. IgM monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is the most commonly found monoclonal gammopathy associated with neuropathy, with characteristic clinical, electrophysiologic, and pathologic features. The IgG and IgA monoclonal gammopathie...

Objectives/Aim:  To report our relatively large experience with perioperative care for patients with Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T) and to identify the nature and frequency of complications. Background:  Ataxia-Telangiectasia is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder resulting in progressive multisystem degeneration and characteristic findings including complex neurodegeneration, immunodefic...

OBJECTIVE/METHODS: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief yet comprehensive cognitive instrument used to assess level of impairment in neurological populations. The purpose of the present study was to assess the ability of the MoCA to detect cognitive impairment in a veteran patient population referred for neuropsychological testing and to determine optimal cutoff scores on the MoCA w...

BACKGROUND: Coxa profunda, or a deep acetabular socket, is often used to diagnose pincer femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Radiographically, coxa profunda is the finding of an acetabular fossa medial to the ilioischial line. However, the relative position of the acetabular fossa to the pelvis may not be indicative of acetabular coverage. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore determined the incidence ...

Background/Objective: Bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension is a novel, prolonged-release formulation of bupivacaine. The time to onset of analgesia following an injection of liposome bupivacaine compared with placebo (normal saline) was investigated using a novel incisional pain model. Bupivacaine HCl was used as a positive control, compared with placebo to verify the validity of the study. ...

Weaning patients from the ventilator. :: Added: 08:00 EDT 14 Mar 2013

IMPORTANCE Cryolipolysis is the noninvasive reduction of fat with localized cutaneous cooling. Since initial introduction, over 650 000 cryolipolysis treatment cycles have been performed worldwide. We present a previously unreported, rare adverse effect following cryolipolysis: paradoxical adipose hyperplasia. OBSERVATIONS A man in his 40s underwent a single cycle of cryolipolysis to his abdomen...

Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the colon and rectum is rare. It presents clinically as other types of colorectal cancer and the treatment is primarily surgery. The pathogenesis is unclear, but several hypotheses have been suggested, including human papilloma virus infection. Gynaecological cancer is an important differential diagnosis in females with involvement of the genital organs.

Among the multiple pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, beta-blockers seem to be the mainstay of heart failure management. Although the first large studies failed to demonstrate a significant improvement in mortality, the results from subsequent studies revealed significant risk reductions in mortality with metoprolol, carvedilol and bisoprolol. Decision of the appropriate therapeutic ag...

BACKGROUND:: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein values decline over the first few months of life as the infant's blood-CSF barrier matures. However, published studies differ in the reported rate, timing, and magnitude of this decline. OBJECTIVE:: To quantify the age-related changes in CSF protein concentration and to determine accurate, age-specific reference values for neonates and young infants. ...

The log-rank test is the most widely used nonparametric method for testing treatment differences in survival between two treatment groups due to its efficiency under the proportional hazards model. Most previous work on the log-rank test has assumed that the samples from the two treatment groups are independent. This assumption is not always true. In multi-center clinical trials, survival times of...

Objective. To evaluate the effect of 6-sulphatoxymelatonin on the sleep quality of girls with precocious puberty. Study design. Ninety-nine girls were divided into three groups: GI, precocious puberty; GII, normal prepubescent; GIII, normal puberty. Questionnaires containing demographic and clinical data were applied. Blood was collected for hormonal evaluation for 6-sulphatoxymelatonin. The modif...

BACKGROUND: Prediction of adverse maternal and neonatal events in women with heart disease is not well established. We aimed to assess cardiac, obstetrical and neonatal complications in pregnant women with heart disease referred to our tertiary care center and validate a previously proposed risk index. METHODS: We included 227 women with cardiac disease followed for 312 pregnancies at our tertiary...

Glucocorticoid-induced hyperglycemia is a frequent problem. In the general clinical practice, it may generate hospital admissions, their prolongation and repeated emergency visits without obtaining an adequate solution to the problem. Even so, this problem continues to be undervalued in terms of diagnosis, and especially, treatment. The diversity of preparations and dosing schedules of corticoster...

OBJECTIVE: To prospectively compare iopamidol 370, which is a low-osmolar contrast medium and iodixanol 320, which is an iso-osmolar contrast medium, in terms of image quality and nonserious adverse effects that have the potential to influence the image quality in a 16-slice multi-detector row computed tomography coronary angiography. METHODS: Sixty patients were divided into two groups to receive...

BACKGROUND: Recent research has resulted in an improved understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of intraneural ganglia, particularly with respect to the most common form, the peroneal nerve at the fibular neck region. OBJECTIVE: To outline the mechanism for the development and propagation of intraneural ganglia located in the knee region, along with their treatment, as well as highlight ho...

The purpose of this analysis was to characterize the natural history of weight change in the years prior to death among older persons and to examine how this pattern varies according to longevity and cause of death. Weight trajectories were analyzed by using data from 800 male decedents from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (Maryland, 1958-2005) observed beginning an average of 19 years b...

The aim of this study is to present the diagnosis and management of anastomotic leakage after colon resection. Early diagnosis and urgent therapeutic intervention are required in order to avert life-threatening conditions that may be caused by anastomotic leakage. Minor leaks can be managed conservatively with successful outcomes. Major leaks should be managed operatively. In conclusion, leakage o...

The use of estrogenic compounds as antidepressants or as coadjuvants to facilitate the effect of antidepressants has reported controversial results, suggesting that many factors could influence their actions. This review analyzes, from a basic research perspective, the possible factors that may underlie the antidepressant action of estrogens alone or in combination. The possible mechanisms of acti...

Frequency of colitis induced by drugs is often under estimated. Antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are usually incriminated. In this study, we classified colitis according to the main responsible drug with a focus on clinical symptomatology, physiopathology, evolution, and complications. We describe colitis due to antibiotics, NSAIDS, laxatives, vasoconstrictive agents, ...

OBJECTIVE: To document possible complications related to the location of central venous catheter (CVC) tip in the right atrium (RA) in two medical-surgical intensive care units (ICU). DESIGN: An observational, retrospective study of critically ill patients. SETTING: Two medical-surgical ICUs. PATIENTS: Adult patients in need of CVC insertion admitted consecutively in ICU between September 2004 and...

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