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Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

11:21 EDT 22nd September 2017 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the associated diseases with positive anti-double stranded (ds) DNA other than systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine an association if any, between its level in non-SLE causes. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients with positive anti-dsDNA assay (more than 200 IU/ml) tested for any underlying etiology from January to December 2007 at King Abdu...

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, relapsing condition affecting the GI tract that can affect individuals of any age and results in lifelong treatment, frequently including the need for surgery. Historically, the lack of a single effective and sensitive test for IBD has posed a great challenge in assessing disease severity, effectiveness of medication and predicting outcomes for this c...

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in a variable degree of cerebral atrophy that is not always related to cognitive measures across studies. However, the use of different methods for examining atrophy may be a reason why differences exist. The purpose of this manuscript was to examine the predictive utility of seven magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) -derived brain volume or indices of atrophy for...

Shortness of breath is a common complaint in those with chronic liver disease. The differential diagnosis for this complaint includes primary pulmonary disorders, systemic disorders that affect the liver and lungs, and extrahepatic manifestations of portal hypertension. Orthotopic liver transplant, when appropriate, is the most effective therapy for many patients with dyspnea and chronic liver dis...

BACKGROUND:: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein values decline over the first few months of life as the infant's blood-CSF barrier matures. However, published studies differ in the reported rate, timing, and magnitude of this decline. OBJECTIVE:: To quantify the age-related changes in CSF protein concentration and to determine accurate, age-specific reference values for neonates and young infants. ...

Abstract Background. Lumbar spinal stenosis is a common condition that causes axial low back pain, radicular pain, and neurogenic claudication. Epidural steroid injections are commonly used for the treatment of radicular symptoms and neurogenic claudication associated with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. No prior study has evaluated whether transforaminal or interlaminar epidural steroid injec...

Purpose. The wrist is almost invariably affected in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and inflammation of the wrist can lead to impaired function and eventually to severe destruction. Classical signs of inflammation, pain, swelling and heat may often be observed in clinical examination of wrist arthritis and in ultrasound (US) investigation. We described the relation between clinical and ultrasound parame...

We describe three patients with a syndrome comprising arched, thick eyebrows, hypertelorism, narrow palpebral fissures, broad nasal bridge and tip, long philtrum, thin upper lip, stubby hands and feet, hirsutism, and severe psychomotor retardation. These patients expand the phenotype of the Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome and delineate it as an entity. (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Issues in clinical practice. :: Added: 06:00 EDT 24 Sep 2010

Aims: Reversal of Hartmann's procedure (HP) is a complex operation and only performed in 50-60% of the patients. Stomal incision reversal (SIR), a new minimally invasive procedure for HP reversal, was assessed and compared to the standard surgical approach. Methods: 16 patients who had undergone HP for perforated diverticulitis underwent HP reversal by SIR. The only incision in SIR is the one to r...

Professional values and nursing.

Added: 06:00 EST 10 Nov 2010

The values of nursing arise from a concern with human flourishing. If the desire to become a nurse is a reflection of an aspiration to care for others in need then we should anticipate that those who choose to nurse have a tendency towards the values we would normally associate with a caring profession (care, compassion, perhaps altruism, and so on). However, these values require a secure base if ...

Crystals of the brain. :: Added: 06:00 EST 27 Jan 2011

Background:  Making healthier food choices is recognised as being important in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) and the provision of information about making dietary changes should be included in cardiac rehabilitation (CR), a secondary prevention strategy. Studies indicate that patients do not always make the recommended dietary changes, although research on CR patients'...

OPINION STATEMENT: Dolichoectasia is a dilatation and elongation of the arteries, usually affecting intracranial basilar and vertebral arteries. It may cause posterior circulation stroke or transient ischemic attacks independent of atherosclerotic disease. Compression of cranial nerves or brainstem leads to hemifacial spasm, trigeminal neuralgia, or brainstem dysfunction (temporary or permanent). ...

In 328 immunocompromised patients, 105 with and 193 without Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was analysed retrospectively, taking into consideration the time interval from the onset of symptoms to the start of specific therapy. 97 of the 105 PCP patients were negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Eight were positive. Of the 193 patients without PC...

High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is being increasingly utilized as an off-label therapy for a variety of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions across various specialties. Numerous reports have shown that it is an effective treatment for autoimmune skin blistering disorders. Unlike most therapies for blistering disorders, IVIg is not immunosuppressive and has a favorable side effect pro...

Yellowish discoloration of dialyzer.

Added: 06:00 EST 23 Nov 2011

A 43-year-old Chinese man with chronic viral hepatitis and end-stage renal disease, receiving conventional hemodialysis for 6 years, presented with general malaise and abdominal fullness. After 4.5 hours of hemodialysis, the hollow fibers of the dialyzer turned yellow. Biochemistry studies showed hyperbilirubinemia. The actual serum bilirubin (7.4 mg/dL) could be proved. Abdominal echography sur...

Hyponatremia and hypernatremia are complex clinical problems that occur frequently in full term newborns and in preterm infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) although their real frequency and etiology are incompletely known. Pathogenetic mechanisms and clinical timing of hypo-hypernatremia are well known in adult people whereas in the newborn is less clear how and when hypo-h...

OBJECTIVE/METHODS: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief yet comprehensive cognitive instrument used to assess level of impairment in neurological populations. The purpose of the present study was to assess the ability of the MoCA to detect cognitive impairment in a veteran patient population referred for neuropsychological testing and to determine optimal cutoff scores on the MoCA w...

In this article, the spectral features of first heart sounds (S1) and second heart sounds (S2), which comprise the mechanical heart valve sounds obtained after aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve replacement (MVR), are compared to find out the effect of mechanical heart valve replacement and recording area on S1 and S2. For this aim, the Welch method and the autoregressive (AR) method ...

Morbidity and mortality in HIV infection.

Added: 06:00 EDT 22 Sep 2012

Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has dramatically improved the prognosis of HIV-infected individuals, with a close to a normal life expectancy in a significant proportion of treated individuals. Upon start of cART, HIV-induced immune deficiency can be prevented or, if already present, reconstituted. Remaining morbidity and mortality is partly due to the late diagnosis of HIV infection or ...

VERTEBRAL HEART SCORES IN EIGHT DOG BREEDS.

Added: 06:00 EDT 22 Sep 2012

The vertebral heart score (VHS) measurement is commonly used to provide a more objective measurement of cardiomegaly in canines. However, several studies have shown significant breed variations from the value previously established by Buchanan and Bücheler (9.7 ± 0.5). This study describes VHS measurements in Pug, Pomeranian, Yorkshire Terrier, Dachshund, Bulldog, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, and Bosto...

Chest drain insertion is a simple procedure with very low morbidity and mortality. The correct procedure provides for a good fixation of the drainage to the skin. An alternative "Roman Sandal technique" for securing the chest drain to the skin is proposed compared to the classical methods. The main feature of the method is the fact that a single suture acts as "tube fixing" and "wound closure" by ...

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is notorious for local recurrence and metastatic spread to regional lymph nodes. Distant spread is uncommon, and brain involvement is rare. Over the past decade there has been a rising incidence of HPV-related HNSCC, but it is not known if this escalation has had any impact on trends relating to brain involvement. Cases of metastatic squamous cell carc...

To explore the correlation between labial salivary gland focus score (FS) and severity of Sjögren's syndrome patients.

Objective Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are major causes of postoperative morbidity and mortality in surgery. However, there is neither a standardized protocol for perioperative prevention of DVT or PE in neurosurgery nor a consensus concerning the management of postoperative DVT or PE after craniotomy in the early postoperative course.Methods We retrospectively analyzed...

Fiddler's neck.

Added: 08:00 EDT 30 Aug 2013

The fiddler's neck is an uncommon variant of acne mechanica in violinists and violists. It is a single firm red-brown dermal nodule usually on the left side of neck. This special form of acne mechanica represents a therapeutic challenge since the triggering mechanical factors persist, unless they can be corrected by changes in positioning or modifications of the chin pad. A 72-year-old woman who h...

Peripheral Insertion of Umbilical Cord.

Added: 08:00 EDT 10 Sep 2013

Abstract Numerous studies have addressed the significance of marginal and membranous umbilical cord (UC) insertion. Recent reports suggest that eccentrically inserted UC may also be important. We conducted a case control study to assess the potential relevance of peripheral insertion of UC (PIUC), defined as

Hemoglobinopathies are a group of inherited disorders characterized by quantitative or qualitative malformations of hemoglobin (Hb). Some of these diseases present vaso-occlusive phenomena that are responsible for high morbidity in clinical and/or ophthalmologic terms. Diagnosis of hemoglobinopathies is performed exclusively through hemoglobin electrophoresis. From the ophthalmologic perspective, ...

EEGs performed for new-onset seizures show epileptiform discharge in approximately 18% to 56% of children and 12% to 50% of adults. An EEG after sleep deprivation improves detection of epileptiform abnormalities, showing discharge in 13% to 35% of patients whose standard EEG findings were normal. Some studies have also shown a higher yield with EEG performed within 24 hours after the seizure. The ...

Interictal epileptiform discharge (IED) is rarely observed in healthy volunteers without a history of seizures, but higher rates of occurrence are reported in children than in adults. Higher rates are also observed among neurologic inpatients and outpatients without a seizure history, but the risk of subsequent unprovoked seizures or epilepsy is low in healthy volunteers and patients. An exception...

Both temperamental (e.g., behavioral inhibition) and environmental (e.g., family emotional environment) factors are associated with etiology and maintenance of anxiety; however, few studies have explored mechanisms through which these risk factors operate. The present study investigation of a developmental model of anxiety (i.e., the Emotion Dysregulation Model of Anxiety; EDMA) that hypothesizes ...

Proteomic technologies are being used with increasing frequency in the scientific community. In this review, we have highlighted their use in celiac disease (CD). The available techniques, which include two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis, mass spectrometry, and antibody and tissue arrays, have been used to identify proteins or changes in protein expression specific to gut tissue from patient...

OBJECTIVE: To describe a probable interaction between enteral feeds and levodopa leading to neuroleptic malignant-like syndrome (NMLS) in a polytrauma patient with Parkinson's disease (PD). CASE SUMMARY: A 63-year-old morbidly obese male polytrauma patient with PD and type 2 diabetes mellitus was admitted to our intensive care unit postoperatively. Enteral feeds were administered per nasogastric t...

To study the frequency and type of movement disorders and correlate these with MRI findings and outcome. Consecutive patients having encephalitis with movement disorders were included. The encephalitides were categorized into Japanese encephalitis (JE), herpes simplex, dengue, mumps, measles and nonspecific, depending on respective ELISA or CSF PCR. The movement disorders were recorded and severit...

We model the spectra and excitation dynamics in the phycobiliprotein antenna complex PE545 isolated from the unicellular photosynthetic cryptophyte algae Rhodomonas CS24. The excitonic couplings between the eight bilins are calculated using the CIS/6-31G method. The site energies are extracted from a simultaneous fit of the absorption, circular dichroism, fluorescence, and excitation anisotropy sp...

Despite the fact that malignancies are associated with hematological abnormalities, some clinical studies have been unable to detect such a relation. The aim of our study was to detect the prevalence of pretreatment hematologic abnormalities in patients with common solid tumors and to determine if such a profile could be used for prognostic evaluations. We identified all patients in Cancer Center ...

When ethical decisions have to be taken in critical, complex medical situations, they often involve decisions that set the course for or against life-sustaining treatments. Therefore the decisions have far-reaching consequences for the patients, their relatives, and often for the clinical staff. Although the rich psychology literature provides evidence that reasoning may be affected by undesired i...

The shipbuilding industry of Korea, ranked number one in the world in annual amount of ship orders, has contributed to national economic growth; however, this has resulted in various environmental problems. Characteristics of environmental pollution, such as particulate matters, odor, and noise, which are closely related with public complaints, were evaluated in an industrial shipbuilding complex....

In this study lateral differences in tympanic membrane temperature (T(Ty)) were explored as a correlate of either impulsive or cautious responding in Go-No-Go tasks. Thirty-two women and men performed two sustained attention to response tasks (Go-No-Go tasks). Those with warmer right in comparison to left tympanic membranes were more cautious, and those with warmer left in comparison to right tymp...

Gastric-type epithelium and islands of oxyntic mucosa in duodenal biopsies are considered by some to be part of a spectrum of metaplastic change related to peptic disorders. This study was designed to assess prevalence and associations of metaplastic-heterotopic gastric mucosa in the duodenum. Demographic, clinical, and histopathologic data from patients who had duodenal biopsy specimens for a 12-...

Well differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the stomach (gastric carcinoid tumors) are observed more often, with a tenfold increase in the US in the last 30 - 35 years, and the prognosis has improved greatly in that time. Nowadays most carcinoids of the stomach are diagnosed at an early stage. Four types of gastric NETs have been proposed and recognition of the type is important for defini...

Revealing the mechanism of adult organ maintenance and regeneration after injury is fundamental to our understanding of the pathogenesis of diseases. Considering the results of pulse and chase experiments using inducible insulin-Cre or Elastase-Cre, and more recently HNF1b-Cre, adult pancreatic cells (beta, acinar, and duct cells) seem to be maintained by the self-duplication of the existing cells...

Type 1 diabetics have a well-recognised risk of accelerated cardiovascular disease. Even in the absence of clinical signs there are detectable abnormalities of conduit vessel function. Our group has previously reported reversal of endothelial dysfunction in diabetics with pravastatin. In young asymptomatic smokers, taurine supplementation has a beneficial impact on macrovascular function, assessed...

Abstract Background Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by recurrent episodes of intense vomiting. There are several postulated mechanisms involved in its pathogenesis and one potential explanation for this disorder may be linked to autonomic dysfunction. The aim of our study was to evaluate autonomic nerve function in patients with CVS pr...

There has been conflicting evidence on the impact of bilateral breast cancer (BBC) on the survival and management of patients. The objectives of this study were to address the incidence of BBC and to investigate its characteristics and outcome compared to unilateral cancer. Data were acquired from the prospectively maintained NUIG breast cancer database between 1988 and 2008. BBC were then categor...

To determine whether there are differences in the adverse effect profile between 1, 2 and 5% Lidocaine when used for occipital nerve blocks (ONB) in patients with occipital neuralgia. Occipital neuralgia is an uncommon cause of headaches. Little is known regarding the safety of Lidocaine injections for treatment in larger series of patients. Retrospective chart analysis of all ONB was performed at...

BACKGROUND:: Recurrence is a major cause of treatment failure after allogeneic transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and treatment options are very limited. Azacitidine is a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor with activity in myeloid disease. The authors hypothesized that low-dose azacitidine administered after transplant would reduce recurrence rate...

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