Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

14:10 EDT 1st August 2015 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with high 1-year mortality rates, but whether patients with other lower extremity fractures are exposed to a similar mortality risk is not clear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated the mortality of elderly patients after distal femur fractures; determined predictors for mortality; analyzed the effect of surgical delay; and compared survivorship...

Tourette's syndrome in adults.

Added: 06:00 EDT 7 Aug 2010

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is defined as motor and phonic tics starting before age 18 years, and therefore most studies have focused on childhood TS, whereas the disorder in adults has not been well characterized. We reviewed medical records of all new TS patients referred to our Movement Disorders Clinic over the past 5 years, 19 years or older on initial evaluation and compared them with 100 TS pa...

Dural tears in spine surgery.

Added: 06:00 EDT 3 Sep 2010

Dural tears are among the most commonly seen complications in spine surgery. Most studies in the literature indicate that long-term outcomes are not negatively affected, provided that the tears are diagnosed early and managed appropriately. Direct suture repair remains the preferred method for the management of durotomy caused by or found during surgery. However, recent literature reports encourag...

Introduction to Nursing Aesthetics.

Added: 06:00 EDT 2 Apr 2011

Empirical, aesthetic, ethical, and personal knowing are the four fundamental patterns of knowledge inquiry. Of these, the aesthetic knowing pattern is least discussed in nursing literature. This article discusses the definition of nursing aesthetics; its utilization in practice; and correlations between aesthetics and clinical practice. One of the advantages inherent to nursing is its ability to d...

Shortness of breath is a common complaint in those with chronic liver disease. The differential diagnosis for this complaint includes primary pulmonary disorders, systemic disorders that affect the liver and lungs, and extrahepatic manifestations of portal hypertension. Orthotopic liver transplant, when appropriate, is the most effective therapy for many patients with dyspnea and chronic liver dis...

Background D-dimers are used in conjunction with clinical probability scores in the assessment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and they are elevated in other conditions, including malignancy, infection and arrhythmias. High levels of D-dimers in VTE are associated with adverse outcomes, including increased mortality. Their significance in patients without VTE has not previously been established. ...

A fluoroscopy-guided lumbar spine injection procedure may be complicated by immediate paralysis. Twelve cases (five recent and seven published) that occurred between 2002 and 2008 were reviewed (history of lumbar surgery, route of injection, image-guidance, injection of contrast, type of steroid, level of paraplegia, MR imaging features). MRI showed cord ischemia from arterial origin. The high num...

Professional values and nursing.

Added: 06:00 EST 10 Nov 2010

The values of nursing arise from a concern with human flourishing. If the desire to become a nurse is a reflection of an aspiration to care for others in need then we should anticipate that those who choose to nurse have a tendency towards the values we would normally associate with a caring profession (care, compassion, perhaps altruism, and so on). However, these values require a secure base if ...

This study is to clarify whether C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) count influence insulin homeostasis to the same degree. Serum CRP and peripheral WBC were measured in 739 subjects with normal glucose regulation, 512 with impaired glucose regulation, and 502 newly diagnosed diabetic patients. Levels of insulin resistance (IR) were assessed using the index of homeostasis model (H...

In the past 10 years, our knowledge about fertility chances of patients with Klinefelter syndrome (KS, 47,XXY) has changed considerably, especially when regarding the possibility of IVF ICSI treatment (in vitro fertilisation, intracytoplasmic sperm injection) with single testicular spermatozoa. Thus, it is important to take this knowledge into consideration when counselling Klinefelter patients.G...

OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnosis and treatment of ganglion cysts of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) of the knees. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical data of patients with ganglion cysts of ACL and PCL as confirmed by arthroscopy and pathology. RESULTS: All patients were followed up at the clinic in a mean period of 2 years, and their symptoms...

Brain CT obtained from cardiac arrest (CA) victims immediately after resuscitation may be useful in predicting their outcomes. Most data have been derived from CA victims of cardiac etiology, however, CT signs of brain ischemia/hypoxia have rarely been studied in victims of asphyxial CA. Loss of gray-white matter discrimination (GWMD) at the basal ganglia seems to be the most reliable early CT sig...

CT FEATURES OF PLEURAL MASSES AND NODULES.

Added: 06:00 EST 19 Nov 2011

Pleural space masses and nodules are rarely described on computed tomography (CT) in veterinary medicine and have only been described in patients with neoplasia. Our purpose was to describe the CT findings and diagnoses in seven patients with pleural masses and nodules. Two patients had broad-based, plaque-like pleural masses, both of which were due to neoplasia (primary pleural carcinoma, metasta...

Purpose: Monitoring of fibrinogen level is used to predict bleeding during lower extremity tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) infusions for peripheral arterial or venous thrombolysis. This practice is not fully addressed in the literature.Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed fibrinogen levels and studied bleeding rate from charts of patients who underwent lower extremity tPA infusion...

Summary Introduction: The graphical representation of clotting data can provide useful information. A novel feature of the ACL TOP software allows display of clot reaction curves with superimposed first and second derivative curves. We noted atypical derivative plots associated with normal 'S'-shaped clot reaction curves in some abnormal activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). Methods: We te...

ABSTRACT The aim of the study is to determine the proportion of patients who have esophageal biopsy specimens taken for an endoscopic diagnosis of reflux esophagitis in which an endoscopic grade of esophagitis (Los Angeles [LA] or Savary-Miller [SM]) is communicated to the pathologist, and to evaluate the correlation between those endoscopic grades and histopathologic findings. We searched the dat...

The aim of this study is to present the diagnosis and management of anastomotic leakage after colon resection. Early diagnosis and urgent therapeutic intervention are required in order to avert life-threatening conditions that may be caused by anastomotic leakage. Minor leaks can be managed conservatively with successful outcomes. Major leaks should be managed operatively. In conclusion, leakage o...

Abstract Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the standard treatment for gall bladder disease. However, despite its low degree of invasiveness, many patients complain of postoperative pain and postoperative nausea/vomiting. This study was planned to evaluate different factors affecting the incidence and severity of postoperative shoulder-tip pain after LC. Patients and Methods:...

Previous studies have demonstrated that both anastrozole and letrozole are well tolerated. Letrozole suppresses estrogen to a greater degree than anastrozole in the serum and breast tumor. Concerns have been raised that greater potency may adversely affect patients' quality of life (QOL). One hundred eighty-one postmenopausal women with invasive estrogen receptor-positive breast cancers were rando...

Background: The presence of immature neutrophils (bands) in the circulating blood is often used as a clinical indicator of sepsis. Indeed, a band count greater than 10% is one of the American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine's systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria used to diagnose sepsis. However, the literature regarding the diagnostic accuracy of an...

Renal function recovery (RFR) from acute kidney injury requiring dialysis occurs at a high frequency. RFR from chronic dialysis, on the other hand, is an uncommon but well-recognized phenomenon, occurring at a rate of 1.0-2.4% according to data from large observational studies. The underlying etiology of renal failure is the single most important predicting factor of RFR in chronic dialysis patien...

A high anion gap in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) suggests that some unmeasured anions must contribute to the generation of the anion gap. We investigated the contribution of D-lactate to the anion gap in DKA.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in a variable degree of cerebral atrophy that is not always related to cognitive measures across studies. However, the use of different methods for examining atrophy may be a reason why differences exist. The purpose of this manuscript was to examine the predictive utility of seven magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) -derived brain volume or indices of atrophy for...

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the prognostic impact of pretransplant donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies (DSA) detected by single-antigen beads and compared the three generations of crossmatch (XM) tests in kidney transplantation. METHODS: Thirty-seven T-cell complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatch (CXM) negative living donor kidney recipients with a retrospectively posi...

BACKGROUND: Acute baclofen toxicity and withdrawal can present with a constellation of symptoms making differentiation between these two entities and other potential diagnoses challenging. Baclofen withdrawal is associated with numerous complications which may require neurocritical care expertise such as respiratory failure, refractory seizures, delirium, and blood pressure lability. METHODS: Case...

Abstract Background. Lumbar spinal stenosis is a common condition that causes axial low back pain, radicular pain, and neurogenic claudication. Epidural steroid injections are commonly used for the treatment of radicular symptoms and neurogenic claudication associated with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. No prior study has evaluated whether transforaminal or interlaminar epidural steroid injec...

Nail punctures through rubber-soled shoes expose the foot to the possibility of deep infection and foreign body retention. In this article, we describe characteristics of adult patients who sustained nail puncture wounds through a rubber-soled shoe and were treated at our institution from January 1, 2000, to January 8, 2008. Of the 96 patients, 36 (37.5%) were treated conservatively and 60 (62.5%)...

JAW BITE FORCE MEASUREMENT DEVICE.

Added: 06:00 EDT 9 Sep 2010

Abstract We describe a cost effective device that is using an off-the shelf force transducer to measure patient bite force as a diagnostic aid in determining dental implant size, number of implants and prosthetic design for restoring partial edentulism. The main advantages of our device are its accuracy, simplicity, modularity, ease of manufacturing and low cost.

meyer r.m. & o'brien-pallas l.l. (2010) Nursing services delivery theory: an open system approach. Journal of Advanced Nursing ABSTRACT: Aim.  This paper is a discussion of the derivation of the Nursing Services Delivery Theory from the application of open system theory to large-scale organizations. Background.  The underlying mechanisms by which staffing indicators influence outcomes remain...

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pain, emesis, and fatigue are not uncommon symptoms after ambulatory surgery having impact on patients' satisfaction with quality of care. Multimodal management of postoperative pain and nausea and vomiting has become standard of care. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a growing body of evidence for the beneficial effects from preoperative single-dose intravenous (i.v.) glucocorticoids ...

The prognostic value of the number of T cells and NK cells at diagnosis in CLL was analyzed in a cohort of 256 patients with CLL diagnosed between 1997 and 2007. Patients with leukemia showed elevated NK cells and T cell populations and CD4/CD8 ratio was inverted in 39.7% cases. Prognostic significance of lymphocytes was analyzed as a ratio of relative number of T cells to the size of the malignan...

We present an extreme case of gigantomastia in pregnancy during the second gemelar pregnancy of a 30-year-old woman. Her first pregnancy was 8 years ago, was also gemelar and she delivered with caesarean section. From the beginning of her current pregnancy, the patient noted steady growth of both of her breasts that reached enormous dimensions at the end of the pregnancy. This kind of breast chan...

The purpose of the present study was to compare the end-to-end (ETEa) with the end-to-side (ETSa) anastomosis in patients starting hemodialysis by means of radio-cephalic artero-venous fistulae (AVF). In our experience, we compared the results, as early failure (EF), late thrombosis (LT), stenosis, steal syndrome, and primary patency (PP), in 2 groups of hemodialysis incident patients that had bee...

The leak rates of different gastrointestinal anastomoses vary considerably but despite this there are common and general concepts for diagnosis and management. Early diagnosis and timely consistent therapy must guide management to prevent harm to the patients. Diagnosis of anastomotic leaks is coupled to clinical signs of the patients and should be initiated promptly. Dependent on the localization...

PURPOSE: Epileptic seizures in patients with malignancies usually occur as a consequence of brain metastases from systemic cancer or the presence of a primary brain tumor. Other less-frequent causes include metabolic disorders such as electrolyte abnormalities, hypoglycemia, hypoxia and liver failure, paraneoplastic encephalitis, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, side effects of certain chemotherapeu...

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the possibility of performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy using two different anesthesia procedures (spinal anesthesia versus general anesthesia). METHODS: The study included 68 patients with symptoms of cholelithiasis examined in the 309th Hospital of PLA from 2006 to 2009. Patients were randomly selected to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy wit...

Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) represents a group of glycerophospholipid homologues where ethanol by phospholipase D has been bound at the position that normally contains an amino-alcohol. Since the formation of PEth is specifically dependent on ethanol, the diagnostic specificity of PEth as an alcohol biomarker is theoretically 100%. The half-life of PEth in blood is approximately 4 days. The amount ...

BackgroundAlthough blood pressure (BP) differences from supine to sitting position have long been recognized, limited data are available on other commonly used body positions. We performed a cross-sectional study to compare BP values obtained in supine, sitting, and Fowler's positions in essential hypertensive subjects.MethodsSystolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were recorded using an automati...

There is a wide variety in the appearance of normal female external genitalia. Nevertheless a specific prototype is promoted by the media, leading to a false sense that all other appearances are abnormal. As adolescents become sexually aware at an earlier age, most of them are worried about the appearance of their genitalia, especially when labia minora protrude beyond labia majora.  This is a p...

Avascular necrosis of the foot and ankle. :: Added: 06:00 EDT 31 Mar 2012

The pineal hormone melatonin plays a major role in circadian sleep-wake rhythm. Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), especially those who are on hemodialysis, frequently suffer from sleep disturbances. In this review an overview is given of the classification of stages of chronic kidney disease, followed by a presentation of the circadian rhythm disorders in renal disease involving sleep di...

PURPOSE: To compare diagnostic accuracy and adequacy of pipelle endometrial biopsy with dilatation and curettage. METHODS: From October 2007 to November 2009, 673 patients were evaluated with pipelle endometrium biopsy, D&C and hysterectomy in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty. 478 patients underwent pipelle and D&C, 212 patients underwent ...

Stress reactions and stress fractures are defined as structural damage to bone caused by repetitive stress or stereotypical loading. The balance between loading and unloading of bone is disrupted in stress reactions and stress fractures through the sport-specific demands and by the exogenous or endogenous risk factors present. In sports orthopedics the localization of stress reactions and stress f...

Motor neuron disease (MND) typically affects upper and lower motor neurons without any sensory involvement. Regional anaesthesia is preferred in motor neuron disease patients to avoid aspiration and possibility of prolonged postoperative ventilation following general anaesthesia. As microlaryngeal surgery in a motor neuron disease patient needed airway protection, it was decided to perform the sur...

The compatibility and stability of 80 mmol/L potassium chloride and 16 mmol/L magnesium sulfate in 0.9% sodium chloride injection and in 5% dextrose injection solutions at 22 deg C have been studied by means of a Beckman Clinical Chemistry Analyzer Synchron CX5 Delta. The infusions were stable for 24 hours at 22 deg C. The results from both diluents showed an average of +/-5% fluctuations in conce...

Vacuolated Lymphocytes - A diagnostic clue. :: Added: 06:00 EDT 17 Jul 2010

BACKGROUND:: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein values decline over the first few months of life as the infant's blood-CSF barrier matures. However, published studies differ in the reported rate, timing, and magnitude of this decline. OBJECTIVE:: To quantify the age-related changes in CSF protein concentration and to determine accurate, age-specific reference values for neonates and young infants. ...

The domestic market for home-use hair removal devices is rapidly expanding and there are numerous intense pulsed light (IPL) products now available globally to consumers. Technological challenges for the design of such devices include the need to be cost-effective in mass production, easy to use without training, and most importantly, clinically effective while being eye-safe. However inexpensivel...

It is well recognized that chemotherapy treatments can result in toxic side effects, some of which can be life threatening, such as bone marrow suppression causing neutropenia, thrombocytopaenia, and/or anaemia. These effects place patients at an increased risk of infection when having peripheral cannula placed for intravenous (IV) therapies. The issues surrounding infection control are therefore ...


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