Popular PubMed Articles on BioPortfolio

04:41 EST 29th November 2014 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular PubMed pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

OBJECTIVE: The ideal treatment for hospitalized patients with isolated gastrocnemius and/or soleal venous thrombosis is unclear. Recommendations range from watchful waiting to full-dose anticoagulation. This study examines the effectiveness of practice patterns at a single institution as measured by progression of thrombus. METHODS: All consecutive inpatients with a duplex scan diagnosis of isolat...

Dural tears in spine surgery.

Added: 06:00 EDT 3 Sep 2010

Dural tears are among the most commonly seen complications in spine surgery. Most studies in the literature indicate that long-term outcomes are not negatively affected, provided that the tears are diagnosed early and managed appropriately. Direct suture repair remains the preferred method for the management of durotomy caused by or found during surgery. However, recent literature reports encourag...

Tourette's syndrome in adults.

Added: 06:00 EDT 7 Aug 2010

Tourette's syndrome (TS) is defined as motor and phonic tics starting before age 18 years, and therefore most studies have focused on childhood TS, whereas the disorder in adults has not been well characterized. We reviewed medical records of all new TS patients referred to our Movement Disorders Clinic over the past 5 years, 19 years or older on initial evaluation and compared them with 100 TS pa...

Professional values and nursing.

Added: 06:00 EST 10 Nov 2010

The values of nursing arise from a concern with human flourishing. If the desire to become a nurse is a reflection of an aspiration to care for others in need then we should anticipate that those who choose to nurse have a tendency towards the values we would normally associate with a caring profession (care, compassion, perhaps altruism, and so on). However, these values require a secure base if ...

BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with high 1-year mortality rates, but whether patients with other lower extremity fractures are exposed to a similar mortality risk is not clear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated the mortality of elderly patients after distal femur fractures; determined predictors for mortality; analyzed the effect of surgical delay; and compared survivorship...

Summary Background/Aims: An intramuscular (IM) injection into the buttock risks damaging the sciatic nerve. Safe injection practices need to be understood by doctors and nurses alike. The aims of this study were to determine if sciatic nerve injury because of IM injection is a continuing problem and to establish the availability of published guidelines on IM injection techniques. Methods: Intramus...

The aim of this study is to present the diagnosis and management of anastomotic leakage after colon resection. Early diagnosis and urgent therapeutic intervention are required in order to avert life-threatening conditions that may be caused by anastomotic leakage. Minor leaks can be managed conservatively with successful outcomes. Major leaks should be managed operatively. In conclusion, leakage o...

Gastric-type epithelium and islands of oxyntic mucosa in duodenal biopsies are considered by some to be part of a spectrum of metaplastic change related to peptic disorders. This study was designed to assess prevalence and associations of metaplastic-heterotopic gastric mucosa in the duodenum. Demographic, clinical, and histopathologic data from patients who had duodenal biopsy specimens for a 12-...

Background D-dimers are used in conjunction with clinical probability scores in the assessment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and they are elevated in other conditions, including malignancy, infection and arrhythmias. High levels of D-dimers in VTE are associated with adverse outcomes, including increased mortality. Their significance in patients without VTE has not previously been established. ...

The iceberg theory of NHS culture. :: Added: 06:00 EST 2 Feb 2011

The leak rates of different gastrointestinal anastomoses vary considerably but despite this there are common and general concepts for diagnosis and management. Early diagnosis and timely consistent therapy must guide management to prevent harm to the patients. Diagnosis of anastomotic leaks is coupled to clinical signs of the patients and should be initiated promptly. Dependent on the localization...

BackgroundAlthough blood pressure (BP) differences from supine to sitting position have long been recognized, limited data are available on other commonly used body positions. We performed a cross-sectional study to compare BP values obtained in supine, sitting, and Fowler's positions in essential hypertensive subjects.MethodsSystolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were recorded using an automati...

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is a term that comprises a variety of inherited connective tissue disorders characterized primarily by skin hyperextensibility, joints hypermobility and excessive dislocations, easy bruisability, generalized fragility. If much is known about orthopedic or physiatric features of this syndrome, poor is known about the neurological ones. Thus neurological assessment is very imp...

ABSTRACT A significant body of research exists that explores the stressors of raising a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There are fewer studies, however, that examine specific effective coping strategies of mothers of children with an ASD. This qualitative study explored mothers' perceptions of effective coping strategies for their parenting stressors. In-depth interviews were conduc...

BACKGROUND: Mild to moderate therapeutic hypothermia (TH) has been shown to improve survival and neurological outcome in patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with ventricular fibrillation (VF) as the presenting rhythm. This approach entails the management of physiological variables which fall outside the realm of conventional critical cardiac care. Management of serum p...

Thrombocytopenia is usually acquired. The laboratory artefact of pseudothrombocytopenia should always be excluded. Bone marrow insufficiency with impaired platelet production results from infiltrating tumor cells or from a myelodsplastic syndrome. In patients with splenomegaly, platelets are trapped by the spleen. An increased platelet turnover is caused by activation of the clotting cascade, e.g....

Abstract Background: The study is aimed at evaluating the performance of the predictive model ROMA (Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm), which utilizes the combination of human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and CA125 values to assess the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in women with a pelvic mass. Methods: One hundred and four women diagnosed with a pelvic mass (55 EOC and 49 benign cases) ...

BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to verify whether chronic renal patients on hemodialysis (HD) with residual diuresis who were using small doses of furosemide present different levels of urinary volume and sodium excretion compared to patients with residual diuresis who do not use this drug. METHODS: We studied 19 chronic renal patients on HD who presented any level of residual d...

Background  In analogy with melanoma-associated leucoderma, halo naevi may trigger in some patients the development of additional depigmentations which are in distribution, extent and prognosis not in accordance with classic vitiligo. Objective  The aim of this study was to support the hypothesis that in a subset of halo naevi patients vitiligo-like lesions develop directly linked to the halo ...

wu h.-l. & volker d.l. (2011) Humanistic Nursing Theory: application to hospice and palliative care. Journal of Advanced Nursing. ABSTRACT: Aim.  This article presents a discussion of the relevance of Humanistic Nursing Theory to hospice and palliative care nursing. Background.  The World Health Organization has characterized the need for expert, palliative and end-of-life care as a top prio...

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is notorious for local recurrence and metastatic spread to regional lymph nodes. Distant spread is uncommon, and brain involvement is rare. Over the past decade there has been a rising incidence of HPV-related HNSCC, but it is not known if this escalation has had any impact on trends relating to brain involvement. Cases of metastatic squamous cell carc...

The compatibility and stability of 80 mmol/L potassium chloride and 16 mmol/L magnesium sulfate in 0.9% sodium chloride injection and in 5% dextrose injection solutions at 22 deg C have been studied by means of a Beckman Clinical Chemistry Analyzer Synchron CX5 Delta. The infusions were stable for 24 hours at 22 deg C. The results from both diluents showed an average of +/-5% fluctuations in conce...

BACKGROUND:: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein values decline over the first few months of life as the infant's blood-CSF barrier matures. However, published studies differ in the reported rate, timing, and magnitude of this decline. OBJECTIVE:: To quantify the age-related changes in CSF protein concentration and to determine accurate, age-specific reference values for neonates and young infants. ...

Resection arthroplasty with or without ligament reconstruction for thumb trapeziometacarpal arthritis can be complicated by thumb shortening and pinch-strength weakness. Implant arthroplasties have been developed to limit loss of thumb length, improve strength, and limit postoperative convalescence. The ideal thumb carpometacarpal implant should be strong and stable, provide full range of motion, ...

Lump in perineum. :: Added: 06:00 EDT 5 Aug 2010

Infection and Anemia.

Added: Unknown

Anemia most frequently accompanies infection in varying degrees and in different forms. Anemia of inflammation is the most common and is due to over-expression of hepcidin. This is followed by hemolytic anemia, red cell aplasia and blood loss. The degree of anemia may not necessarily be proportional to the severity of the infection, nor is it specific for the type of infection. A clear understandi...

OBJECTIVE: To determine the physical compatibility of amiodarone administered in Y-site with other continuous infusion drugs, in order to ensure stability and safe delivery to the patient. METHOD: Experimental in vitro study. We determined the physical compatibility of amiodarone with drugs commonly used in the intensive care unit as a continuous infusion, simulating the same conditions as in dail...

Breast cancer metastasis to the colon.

Added: 06:00 EDT 24 Aug 2010

A 69-year-old woman was admitted with diarrhoea, anaemia and elevated C-reactive protein. She was diagnosed with metastases of a carcinoma to the colon; the immunohistochemical profile made lobular breast cancer the most likely primary tumour. But despite thorough examination, such tumour was never found. Twenty-two years earlier, the patient underwent surgery for a benign breast tumour. The benig...

Abstract Context.-Intraosseous (IO) blood is frequently used to establish a blood chemistry profile in critically ill patients. Questions remain regarding the reliability of IO blood for laboratory analysis and established criteria regarding the amount of marrow/blood to waste before taking an IO sample are not available. Objectives.-To evaluate IO-derived blood for routine laboratory blood tests ...

AIM: Based on data from randomised controlled trials (RCT) on primary cervical screening, it has been reported that the problem of more frequent false-positive tests in Human Papillomavirus (HPV) DNA screening compared to cytology could be overcome. However, these reports predominantly operated with a narrow definition of a (false-)positive test. The aim of this paper was to illustrate how the nar...

Codeine v. morphine. :: Added: 06:00 EST 12 Jan 2011

A patient with symptoms suggestive of neuroleptic malignant syndrome after levodopa withdrawal is described. The patient presented with persistent high fever, stupor, autonomic dysfunction, rigidity, and rhabdomyolysis. He was successfully treated with intravenous dantrolene, resumption of levodopa, and forced alkaline diuresis. Doctors should be aware of the risk of abrupt cessation of dopamine a...

The Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS) is the instrument of choice for assessing symptom severity in older children (i.e., 8-18 years) diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The reliability and validity of this measure for use among younger children (i.e., 5-8 years of age), however, has never been examined. The primary aim of this study was to examine this s...

INTRODUCTION. Temporal orientation is a component of most screening tests for diagnosing cognitive impairment. Correct temporal orientation involves activating both semantic information (concepts of the calendar date) and episodic information (remembering the current date). AIMS. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic usefulness of a technique for evaluating temporal orientation, which...

Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) represents a group of glycerophospholipid homologues where ethanol by phospholipase D has been bound at the position that normally contains an amino-alcohol. Since the formation of PEth is specifically dependent on ethanol, the diagnostic specificity of PEth as an alcohol biomarker is theoretically 100%. The half-life of PEth in blood is approximately 4 days. The amount ...

Chronic synovitis of knee joints that cannot be treated by conservative measure effectively can be treated successfully by the operations through resecting the inflamed synovium. The operations include open synovectomy and arthroscopic synovectomy. The purpose of this study is to compare the two operations in alleviating symptoms and cosmetic effect. There were 42 patients in this study, and they ...

Current guidelines for venous thromboembolism (VTE) primary prophylaxis are based on randomized clinical trials that exclude subjects at a potentially high bleeding risk. Thus no specific recommendation/algorithm for pharmacological prophylaxis in patients with thrombocytopenia and/or platelet dysfunction is available. Because at least 25% of subjects admitted to medical departments exhibit these ...

Chemical burn is a rare complication of topical polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine (PVP-I), commonly called povidone-iodine (trade name Betadine, Purdue, Stamford, NJ). This adverse reaction occurred on the buttocks of an eight-year-old male after undergoing a laparoscopic appendectomy involving antiseptic skin preparation using a 10% PVP-I solution. This case is consistent with previous reports in which...

Infection is the most challenging and life-threatening complication of vascular access and causes significant morbidity, loss of access, and mortality. The aims of this review are to determine the magnitude of the infection problem, identify possible factors, and provide an update on the management of vascular access infections. Infections account for approximately 15% to 36% of all deaths in dial...

Nursing's Role in Cancer Pain Management.

Added: 06:00 EDT 4 May 2011

Nurses have advanced practice, research, and education in the field of cancer pain management. This paper highlights the contributions nurses have made to pain science and practice through literature published in the past 3 years. Work accomplished by nurses is examined in the areas of pain assessment, pain management, intervention-based research, evidence-based practice, patient education, and p...

Rash in a Patient With Ovarian Cancer. :: Added: 06:00 EST 2 Feb 2012

Avulsion fracture of the lesser trochanter.

Added: 06:00 EDT 23 Mar 2012

An avulsion fracture of the lesser trochanter is a very rare injury often misdiagnosed as a muscle lesion or hip distortion. This report concerns the avulsion fracture of the lesser trochanter of a 13-year-old boy, suffered on a runway preparing for a long jump. Conservative treatment without weight-bearing was indicated for 6 weeks. Twelve weeks after the injury the patient resumed his normal spo...

The pineal hormone melatonin plays a major role in circadian sleep-wake rhythm. Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), especially those who are on hemodialysis, frequently suffer from sleep disturbances. In this review an overview is given of the classification of stages of chronic kidney disease, followed by a presentation of the circadian rhythm disorders in renal disease involving sleep di...

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) relapses more frequently than hormone receptor-positive subtypes and is often associated with poor outcomes. This retrospective study reviewed the pattern of distant metastasis with regard to survival in patients with TNBC. A total of 205 TNBC patients were analyzed. TNBC patients with lung metastases had the longest median post-metastatic OS (with 95% confid...

Nerve injury after total hip replacement is a rare but severe complication. If the nerve lesion becomes evident in the early postoperative phase the lesion is often due to an incorrect implant position, direct nerve injury or vascular injury with manifestation of a hematoma which results in nerve compression. Secondary nerve lesions are more often due to a chronic hematoma with nerve compression. ...

Importance of the field: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are becoming increasingly used in the treatment of neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia. However, they are not without adverse effects and their efficacy has not been clear because of conflicting evidence. Areas covered in this review: We have examined the current evidence ...

The Attention Network Test (ANT) assesses alerting, orienting, and executive attention. The current study was designed to achieve three main objectives. First, we determined the reliability, effects, and interactions of attention networks in a relatively large cohort of non-demented older adults (n = 184). Second, in the context of this aged cohort, we examined the effect of chronological age on a...

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