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Popular Clinical Trials on BioPortfolio

00:04 EDT 20th September 2017 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular Clinical Trials pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

FLUAD vs. Fluzone High-Dose Study

Added: 00:56 EDT 14 Jun 2017

The overall aim of the study is to compare safety and immunogenicity of adjuvanted inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) (FLUAD) versus High-Dose inactivated influenza (Fluzone High Dose) vaccine in ≥65 years (20% aged ≥80 years). A prospective, randomized, blinded clinical trial that will be conducted during the 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 influenza seasons. During each seas...

- Study No.: KSPNO-S-081 Reduced-dose Craniospinal Radiotherapy Followed by High-dose Chemotherapy and Autologous Stem Cell Rescue in Children with Newly Diagnosed High-risk Brain Tumor - Study No.: KSPNO-S-082 High-dose Chemotherapy and Autologous Stem Cell Rescue in Infants and Young Children with Newly Diagnosed High-risk Brain Tumor To Avoid or ...

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is performed more than 300,000 times a year in the United States, most often for osteoarthritis (OA). While pain is predictably reduced, function does not typically ever reach that of age-matched, uninjured subjects. Quadriceps weakness has been implicated in the development and progression of knee OA and is a significant problem after TKA. V...

Patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have an elevated risk of stroke, most of which are cardio-embolic in origin as a result of left ventricular (LV) thrombus formation. Anterior-wall location of a MI, in particular, can lead to the complications of LV aneurysm and/or thrombus, which some estimate occurs in approximately up to one-third of ...

Hypnotic trance and mindfulness meditation have both been shown to have benefits for physical health. The current study seeks to determine if there are distinct patterns of brain activity that correlate with hypnotic trance, mindfulness meditation or both, and to relate these patterns to measurable markers of physical well-being. Precise neuroimaging of heightened attention...

Study of Verapamil in Refractory Epilepsy

Added: 03:13 EDT 27 Aug 2014

Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological diseases, affecting 300,000 Canadians. One in 3 epilepsy patients have refractory seizures meaning that all antiseizure drugs fail to control their seizures. This drug resistance in epilepsy may be related to the over expression of multidrug resistance proteins (MDR). Varapamil inhibits MDR. We propose to add verapamil...

Women of Color and Asthma Control

Added: 03:13 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The proposed randomized controlled trial will evaluate an innovative intervention in 420 African American women with asthma. It will be the first to use a highly tailored, telephone counseling approach to address both specific cultural factors affecting asthma and the influence of female sex and gender on control.

The aim of this study is to quantify the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in the elderly patient (>60y) after total hip or knee replacement surgery. The hypothesis is that the fast-track methodology with a mean hospital stay less than 3 days will help to minimize this reduction in memory and concentration.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate clinical healing after dental extraction and the occurrence of surgical complications in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes and compare with non-diabetic patients or control, taking into account laboratory data such as blood count, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1) and immunological profile of the patients.

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether post operative progressive forearm exercise is effective in improving arteriovenous fistula maturation in chronic kidney disease patients.

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Chemoembolization kills tumor cells by carrying drugs directly into the tumor and blocking the blood flow to the tumor. Everolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzym...

Evaluation of Omeprazole Effect on Glaucoma

Added: 03:18 EDT 27 Aug 2014

Omeprazole is a safe drug listed in OTC drug due to its safety. It acts by irreversible inhibition of K/H ATP ase pump and also Na/K ATP ase, Na/H ATP ase.Considering these actions the effect of omeprazole on decreasing intra ocular pressure is an issue of debate.In this Randomized Clinical Trial conducted in labafinejad hospital, patients with glaucoma who need to take om...

Comparison of Hookah and Cigarette Smoking

Added: 03:18 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The aim of this study is to compare exposure to tobacco smoke toxins in individuals who smoke both cigarettes and Hookah pipes. Sixteen subjects will be hospitalized on the research ward for two visits of 4 days each. At one visit they will smoke their usual cigarettes in approximately normal frequency, and at the other visit they will smoke Hookah at least twice per day. T...

Acetyl-L-Carnitine in Type 2 Diabetes

Added: 03:19 EDT 27 Aug 2014

Decreased insulin sensitivity (or insulin resistance) is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus and renal and cardiovascular disease. It is the key component and, possibly, a pathogenetic factor of the metabolic syndrome - a clustering of arterial hypertension, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidemia, coagulation abnormalities, albuminuria and increased...

This study aimed to explore the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of low dose sertraline with [11C] sertraline positron emission tomography (PET) study.

Acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH) is the most severe form of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and is associated with a high risk of dying in the short term. Corticosteroids are generally recommended in patients with severe AAH, but its use is still controverted and contraindicated in case of active infection or gastrointestinal bleeding. Therefore, alternative therapeutic option...

Diverting ileostomies are created to protect a rectal anastomosis or in situations with a risk of intestinal perforation. Currently, the application of a rod to hinder slippage of the loop is an established technique to perform a diverting loop ileostomy. However, various "rod-less" techniques have been described and are performed with similar success. The aim of this study...

The study hypothesis is that body iron levels are important in determining the increase in lung blood pressure that occurs in response to low oxygen levels. The purpose of this study is to determine whether this is true at high altitude, where oxygen levels are low.

- Objective: - To compare the rate and extent of absorption of Citalopram Hydrobromide Tablets 40 mg: Test Product: Citalopram Hydrobromide Tablets 40 mg manufactured by Torrent Pharmaceuticals Limited, India Reference Product: CelexaTM Tablets 40 mg (Reference Listed Drug) manufactured by Forest Pharmaceuticals Inc., Missouri ...

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the addition of minocycline or placebo to treatment as usual (TAU): 1. prevents the accumulation of negative symptoms and intellectual decline following a first episode of non-affective psychosis; and 2. whether minocycline stabilizes the efficacy of antipsychotics.

Background: Skin abscesses are a growing problem in the general pediatric population around the world. While the standard treatment for an abscess/boil is incision and drainage, many physicians also prescribe antibiotics, despite the lack of evidence that antibiotics are necessary to help the wound heal. The purpose of this research study is to determine whether antibiotics...

Refinements in laparoscopic surgery, coupled with advancements in therapeutic flexible endoscopy, have set the stage for surgery to move to even less invasive techniques to treat conditions in the GI tract and peritoneal cavity. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) offers a means of reducing and ultimately eliminating the need for abdominal incisions to ...

Questionnaire and Fall Risk Assessment

Added: 03:24 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The goal of this research study is to learn if your answers to questions during an interview can help researchers predict how well you function physically and if you are at a high risk for falls. Primary Objectives: -To determine how accurately a simple questionnaire can predict three objective measures of function in elderly patients with prostate cancer. Se...

The purpose of this randomized clinical trial is to determine whether haloperidol is superior to olanzapine for the treatment of ICU acquired delirium. The hypothesis is that haloperidol is in fact superior to olanzapine in treating ICU acquired delirium and sustaining delirium free time.

Of the estimated number of 529,000 maternal deaths for the year 2000, 132,000 (25%) were caused by postpartum hemorrhage (PPH); 99% of these deaths occurred in low-income countries. Where maternal mortality is high and resources are limited, the introduction of low-cost, evidence-based practices for primary prevention of PPH is an urgent need. Controlled cord traction (CCT)...

Hypothesis 1. The submandibular gland is not a lymphatic organ and usually remains uninvolved with head and neck cancer despite the presence of metastatic disease in the lymph nodes that surround it. 2. All the lymph nodes in the submandibular triangle can be removed without resection of the submandibular gland. Study Design A better...

This is a study to determine the feasibility of obtaining information stored in existing Medtronic internal defibrillators in patients who present to the Emergency Department(ED) for any reason. In addition, the study will determine if this information is useful to the ED physician in managing the patient's care, specifically as it relates to heart failure.

Impact of Acupuncture on Vasomotor Rhinitis

Added: 14:17 EDT 24 Jul 2014

Chronic rhinitis without an allergic or infectious aetiology (vasomotor rhinitis) is a common disease for which there are only poor therapeutic treatment options. The current placebo controlled partially double blinded pilot study evaluated the effects of acupuncture on the symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis.

Sciatic nerve blocks are frequently used for anesthesia or analgesia for surgery of the lower legs. Currently, if ultrasound is used to find the sciatic nerve, the leg must be raised to locate the nerve with the ultrasound probe on the back of the thigh. In pediatric surgery, the patients are anesthetized (asleep) before the block is given. It is difficult for one person...

Effective Strategies for Dementia Care

Added: 03:31 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the interventions of Snoezelen, structured reminiscence therapy and 10-minutes activation are effective to reduce apathy in long term care residents with dementia.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether intravenous immune globulin is effective in the acute treatment of pain crises in sickle cell disease.

Albumin Use in Burn Patients

Added: 03:33 EDT 27 Aug 2014

This is a study of why and how physicians use albumin during the first 72 hours after a burn injury.

The purpose of this study is to assess the risk for falls among elderly Emergency Department patients.This study will use 2 tests of balance, the Bertec Balance Screening Test and the "Up and Go" test. These tests measure how steady a person is while standing, walking, and turning 180 degrees. After patients have returned home, they will be contacted at 7 days, 30 days and ...

A preliminary study to determine the efficacy of using energy specific far infrared (FIR) radiation for the treatment of uterine fibroids.

Verapamil and Catamenial Epilepsy

Added: 03:35 EDT 27 Aug 2014

One in 3 epilepsy patients have refractory seizures. This drug resistance is likely related to the over expression of multidrug resistance proteins (MDR). Progesterone is a known inhibitor of MDRs and the low level of this hormone during the menstrual cycle may exacerbate seizures, perhaps explaining catamenial epilepsy; i.e. seizures occurring during the menstrual cycle. V...

Cardiovascular risk in women is systematically underestimated by both - society and physicians. Women younger than 50 years of age with acute coronary syndrome have 2x higher mortality compared with age-matched men. A number of common vascular-disease-related conditions are more frequent in women than in men. Women develop a more severe or different form of vascular disease...

This study will determine if dietary supplements of sitosterol (a plant cholesterol commonly found in vegetables) can modify blood sugar and cholesterol levels and reduce the stiffness of the blood vessels in people with an abnormal copy of a gene that causes sitosterolemia. People who carry only one copy of the abnormal gene are healthy but have increased blood levels of s...

Crystalloids vs. Colloids During Surgery

Added: 14:20 EDT 24 Jul 2014

The purpose of the study is to test whether colloid-based goal-directed intraoperative fluid management leads to less perioperative morbidity compared to crystalloid-based goal-directed intraoperative fluid management. Goal-directed therapy is based on measurements by an Esophageal Doppler Device.

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work...

Montelukast in Very Low Birthweight Infants

Added: 21:29 EDT 23 Jul 2014

The purpose of this study is to determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of montelukast (Singulair) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at risk for developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (the need for supplemental oxygen). The investigators' long-term hypothesis is that inhibition of leukotriene signaling in the VLBW preterm lung will decrease inflammation, remodeling and the...

A study of ASP2151 in subjects with recurrent outbreaks of genital herpes.

Patients who are scheduled by their health care provider for routine computed tomography (CT) scan will be asked to participate in this study. The primary purpose is to determine if there is a difference in patient preference for Omnipaque versus Gastroview as oral contrast for abdominal pelvic CT. A secondary objective is to evaluate if there is significant difference in b...

The investigators hypothesize that the medication amiodarone decreases the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) following esophagectomy surgery. Their specific aims are to: Determine the effectiveness of amiodarone for the prevention of AF following esophagectomy surgery; Determine the influence of the prevention of AF following esophagectomy surgery on post-surgical dura...

-Does Honan balloon reduce intraocular pressure preoperatively?

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral vs. an interpersonal therapy program for preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents.

Studies have shown that endometrial sampling in the month prior to embryo transfer may increase pregnancy rates. We wish to test this hypothesis by performing a hysteroscopy and curettage in the month proceeding embryo transfer during IVF, IVF/ICSI or Frozen/Thawed cycles.

The purpose of this study is to see if treating a donor site wound with the ACell dressing is as good as or better than the dressings we currently treat harvested donor sites with. This will be tested on consenting burn patients who require excision and grafting surgery for their burn wounds. Hypothesis: The mean healing time for wounds treated with the ACell dressing wil...

This trial is conducted in Europe. The aim of this investigation is to explore the safety of a 4 mm needle compared to a 6 mm needle when injected in children and lean adults with diabetes.

Infant Weight Gain With Trisomy 21 and CAVC

Added: 03:44 EDT 27 Aug 2014

Failure to thrive and difficulty gaining weight is a sign of uncompensated congestive heart failure (CHF). Infants with Trisomy 21 and complete atrioventricular canal defects (CAVC) frequently develop uncompensated CHF and weight gain failure pre-operatively. A weight of 5 kg has been suggested as optimal for timing of CAVC repair. A delay in surgical repair often occurs ...

RATIONALE: Temsirolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving temsirolimus togethe...

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