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Popular Clinical Trials on BioPortfolio

10:40 EDT 29th June 2016 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular Clinical Trials pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the analgetic and other effects effect of ketamine are partly mediated through opioid receptors

To determine whether symptomatic treatment of the diarrhea in CDAD reduces morbidity and mortality of this serious nosocomial infection in patients who have antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Both C. diff positive and negative patients will be included.

The purpose of this study is to compare the mechanical and infectious complications of peripheral versus central venous catheters in critically ill patients. Group allocation will be performed by randomization.

Bumetanide vs. Furosemide in Heart Failure

Added: 21:35 EDT 23 Jul 2014

Patients with NYHA FC II-III heart failure will be randomized in a cross-over fashion to 8 weeks of bumetanide vs. furosemide therapy (equipotent dose), to test whether bumetanide therapy has a superior effect on insulin resistance compared to furosemide. Patients will be subject to a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT) with minimal model (MINMOD) ...

Diverting ileostomies are created to protect a rectal anastomosis or in situations with a risk of intestinal perforation. Currently, the application of a rod to hinder slippage of the loop is an established technique to perform a diverting loop ileostomy. However, various "rod-less" techniques have been described and are performed with similar success. The aim of this study...

The prevalence of cellulitis in society is very high, as much as 3% of visits to Emergency Departments are for the treatment of this disease. The treatment of cellulitis varies depending on the severity. Low severity cases are treated with pain control and antibiotics by mouth and high severity are treated with antibiotics intravenously and pain control. The investigator's ...

Dexamethasone is a commonly used steroid. This medication has been used for many years by physicians for many different indications. Recent articles, multiple case reports, and experience at this institution have indicated that dexamethasone successfully prolongs the effective duration of local anesthetics for regional blocks. This can cause a significant reduction in posto...

We designed this, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to determine the clinical efficacy of chronic administration of prednisone on renal function and clinical status when added to standard care.

Study Design: This ia a Phase II study. Subjects: Patients with chemotherapy naive epithelial ovarian cancer; or fallopian, primary peritoneal and papillary serous mullerian tumors will be recruited. Carboplatin and Taxol (paclitaxel) will be administered concurrently with bevacizumab after surgery for 6-8 cycles every 21 (q21) days. Bevacizumab will be omitted in the fir...

This study will examine the effectiveness of the FibroScan device in differentiating fibrosis in patients with hepatitis B and C. The FibroScan measures liver stiffness and will be correlated to the liver biopsy to see if it can diagnose the stage of liver disease. Patients who are scheduled to have a liver biopsy will also have a fibroscan and the stiffness will be correla...

Pain Relief - Tramadol Versus Ibuprofen

Added: 03:53 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The purpose of this study is to assess post operative pain following the insertion of radioactive plaque for choroidal melanoma in patients after receiving either ibuprofen or tramadol.

This is a study of patients undergoing gynecologic surgery who require post-operative catheterization to determine if prophylactic antibiotic treatment decreases the risk of post-operative urinary tract infection in these patients.

Clinically Characterized by the presence of chronic widespread pan and tenderness, Fibromyalgia (FM) is one of the most common "functional" syndromes. FM is currently conceived of as representing a prototype of central pain, i.e. a condition in which sensitization of the central nervous system results in a overall increase in the processing of painful stimuli, as well as an...

This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of ilaprazole relative to that of esomeprazole in healing erosive esophagitis and resolving accompanying symptoms of GERD.

The purpose of this study is to determine: - The prevalence of Demodex sp. in chronic blepharitis. - The efficacy of the treatment of topical Tree Tea Oil in chronic blepharitis for Demodex sp.

Pancreatic cysts are common, and some pancreas cysts have malignant potential. Usual treatment of these cysts is either observation or surgical removal of part or all of the pancreas. Minimally invasive treatment via endoscopy has been described, using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided ethanol injections. Such studies exclude cysts that communicate with the main pancreatic...

The investigators hypothesize that addition of Tranexamic acid, an antifibrinolytic agent, to conventional therapy will lead to an improved outcome characterized by lower transfusion requirements.

Rivaroxaban represent a new class of anticoagulation agents. As an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor it has been effective in preventing venous thromboembolism in patients undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery. This ex vivo study is undertaken to investigate the ex-vivo effects of Xarelto® on different coagulation parameters.

Acetyl-L-Carnitine in Type 2 Diabetes

Added: 03:19 EDT 27 Aug 2014

Decreased insulin sensitivity (or insulin resistance) is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus and renal and cardiovascular disease. It is the key component and, possibly, a pathogenetic factor of the metabolic syndrome - a clustering of arterial hypertension, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, dyslipidemia, coagulation abnormalities, albuminuria and increased...

This is a pilot study to determine whether the drug regadenoson can be used during magnetic resonance imaging to assess regions of poor blood flow to the heart. The hypothesis of this study is that a single injection of regadenoson could be used instead of a standard adenosine infusion to produce coronary vasodilatation and demonstrate myocardial ischemia during first-pass...

The purpose of this study is to determine whether an intraarticular injection of Ozone into the knee joint is an effective therapy for pain control in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

To evaluate the efficacy of VIVITROL (naltrexone for extended-release injectable suspension) for the treatment of co-occurring cocaine and alcohol dependence

Exercise therapy has proven to be an effective additive therapy in patients with cardiovascular diseases. The prognostic value of physical activity is well established in patients with congestive heart failure. Therefore the investigators assumed that the population of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) with impaired left ventricular function may al...

This study is designed to obtain information for design purposes on use of an ECG guided monitoring system to aid in the correct placement of PICC lines. There is no formal study hypothesis.

There are many different treatments that doctors recommend for patients with IC/PBS. Only a few research studies have been done to evaluate treatments given to patients. Treatment choices can be of two types: drug therapy and non-drug therapy. The two treatments used in this study will be of the non-drug therapy type. One of the treatments being used in this study is called...

The purpose of this study is to investigate potential mechanisms of valproic acid-associated low serum albumin in medically fragile pediatric and young adult epileptic patients of a long-term care facility.

To assess the rapidity of onset of antipyretic effect and the efficacy and safety of a single dose of IV APAP versus PO acetaminophen in the treatment of fever induced by a standard dose of endotoxin

To compare the glucose response in tube fed subjects with type 2 diabetes of a standard enteral product to that of a diabetes-specific enteral product

Dietary magnesium (Mg) intake has been shown to be independently related to lung function, airway reactivity, and respiratory symptoms in the general population. Inhaled Mg and IV Mg administration have been shown to promote bronchodilation and to improve lung function in asthmatic patients. Some studies have suggested that COPD patients exhibit decreased body levels of Mg....

Patients who are scheduled by their health care provider for routine computed tomography (CT) scan will be asked to participate in this study. The primary purpose is to determine if there is a difference in patient preference for Omnipaque versus Gastroview as oral contrast for abdominal pelvic CT. A secondary objective is to evaluate if there is significant difference in b...

The objective of the clinical investigation is to demonstrate that the SyntheCelTM Dura Replacement is substantially equivalent to other dura replacements cleared for marketing by the FDA in terms of safety (incidence of surgical site infections) and effectiveness (absence from CSF leaks) for the treatment of dural repair following cranial surgery.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the natural kinetics of D-dimers that occur after abdominal surgery.

ProQuad® Intramuscular vs Subcutaneous

Added: 03:41 EDT 27 Aug 2014

Primary objective: To demonstrate that two doses of ProQuad® administered by IM route are as immunogenic as two doses of ProQuad® administered by SC route to healthy children 12 to 18 months of age in terms of antibody response rates to measles, mumps, rubella and to varicella at 42 days following the second dose of ProQuad® Secondary objectives: - To d...

Viagra for the Treatment of IUGR

Added: 03:43 EDT 27 Aug 2014

It has been suggested that Viagra (or other drugs that inhibit PDE-5, the enzyme that normally inhibits blood vessels’ ability to expand) may have beneficial effects in hypertensive pregnancy and, possibly, preeclampsia.The benefits of Viagra were observed without any reduction in maternal blood pressure, thereby dissociating hypertension per se from the loss of NO (nitro...

This trial is conducted in Europe. The aim of this investigation is to explore the safety of a 4 mm needle compared to a 6 mm needle when injected in children and lean adults with diabetes.

Itching is a frequent and disturbing side effect of the use of pain medication such as morphine. In the post-operative period, it can be more distressing to pediatric patients than their pain. The current first line treatment, an antihistamine (Benadryl), has a low efficacy. This treatment causes sleepiness and may be dangerous when used in combination with other drugs. ...

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and the leading cause of death more than 2 years after transplantation.During the past 30 years survival of patients with chronic GVHD has not improved and steroids remained the most often used therapy. Extracorporeal photoimmunotherapy (ECP)has shown to be...

The purpose of this study is to find out if participation in one of the study groups: functional balance training, Tai Chi, or education, results in better outcomes overall. The outcomes that we are primarily interested in are related to walking ability and balance.

A Phase II/III randomized double-blind study comparing the safety and the efficacy of a weekly administration of 25 mg nebulized AmBisome with nebulized placebo solution to prevent invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in neutropenic hemato-oncologic patients.

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) remains difficult to treat by standard treatment approaches. Novel drugs have shown promising results in early clinical evaluations. In the current trial, we investigate a combination of bortezomib (a proteasome inhibitor), rituximab (a monoclonal antibody), and dexamethasone in patients with MCL, who have already been pretreated by standard chemo...

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is performed more than 300,000 times a year in the United States, most often for osteoarthritis (OA). While pain is predictably reduced, function does not typically ever reach that of age-matched, uninjured subjects. Quadriceps weakness has been implicated in the development and progression of knee OA and is a significant problem after TKA. V...

Respiratory failure is a common consequence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A concurrent metabolic alkalosis may worsen the respiratory failure, as a higher pH in blood (and thus in cerebrospinal fluid) results in a weaker respiratory drive. Use of diuretics is the most common cause of metabolic alkalosis. When a patient with an acute exacerbation of a res...

Airway control and ventilation is vital during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in cardiac arrest. Endotracheal intubation is the gold standard for airway control, but several studies have shown high rates of unrecognized placements of the tube in the esophagus instead of in the airway out-of-hospital. This is lethal. There are no failproof technique for recognising such...

Does an oral selenium supplement increase blood levels of antioxidants in patients with established, smoking-related lung disease? Members of our study group recently discovered that elevated levels of the anti-oxidant GPx-1 may be protective against heart disease. We are studying whether selenium supplementation will improve GPx-1 levels.

The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of teriparatide (FORTEO), which is human parathyroid hormone 1-34, for increasing bone mass and improving bone structure in adults affected with Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI). There is no established medical therapy for adults with the disorder. Virtually all of the studies reviewing potential treatments for OI hav...

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the renal perfusion depending on the MAP.

RATIONALE: Sulindac may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for cancer cell growth. Hormone therapy using tamoxifen may fight cancer by blocking the use of estrogen. Combining sulindac with tamoxifen may kill more cancer cells. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving sulindac together with tamoxifen works in treating patients ...

The object of this study is to determine if Reiki will improve glycemic control and cardiac autonomic function diabetic patients with painful neuropathy.

Intellivent ASV in COPD Patients

Added: 12:38 EST 12 Jan 2016

This study will evaluate the effect of a fully closed loop ventilation mode (Intellivent ASV) on the duration of ventilation compared to conventional modes in COPD patients.

The Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion Registry (LAAO Registry™) is designed to assess the prevalence, demographics, management, and outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous and epicardial based left atrial appendage occlusion procedures to reduce the risk of stroke. Patient-level data will be submitted by participating hospitals on a quarterly basis to the American Coll...

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