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Popular Clinical Trials on BioPortfolio

16:24 EDT 30th March 2017 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular Clinical Trials pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the analgetic and other effects effect of ketamine are partly mediated through opioid receptors

Bumetanide vs. Furosemide in Heart Failure

Added: 21:35 EDT 23 Jul 2014

Patients with NYHA FC II-III heart failure will be randomized in a cross-over fashion to 8 weeks of bumetanide vs. furosemide therapy (equipotent dose), to test whether bumetanide therapy has a superior effect on insulin resistance compared to furosemide. Patients will be subject to a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT) with minimal model (MINMOD) ...

A Phase II/III randomized double-blind study comparing the safety and the efficacy of a weekly administration of 25 mg nebulized AmBisome with nebulized placebo solution to prevent invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in neutropenic hemato-oncologic patients.

The purpose of this study is to improve how we treat itching, a common side effect associated with the use of morphine pain medication. Itching is a problem experienced by up to 30% of the children treated with pain medications in the morphine family. Despite studies demonstrating the effectiveness of using naloxone to treat itchiness in adults receiving morphine pain medi...

Diverting ileostomies are created to protect a rectal anastomosis or in situations with a risk of intestinal perforation. Currently, the application of a rod to hinder slippage of the loop is an established technique to perform a diverting loop ileostomy. However, various "rod-less" techniques have been described and are performed with similar success. The aim of this study...

The purpose of the study is to determine the optimal frequency of repositioning nursing facility residents with limited mobility who are cared for on a high density foam mattress in order to prevent bed sores. It is hypothesized that participants at moderate risk (Braden Scale Scores 13-14) who are turned every 3 or 4 hours and participants at high risk (Braden Scores 10-1...

This study is designed to determine if the following are true. When protein requirements exceed metabolic requirements, blood urea nitrogen(BUN) levels will rise. Elevated BUN levels in the absence of renal failure, hepatic failure, or GI bleeding, will be correlated with improved nitrogen balance and inversely correlated with infection rates, days of mechanical ventilatio...

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is performed more than 300,000 times a year in the United States, most often for osteoarthritis (OA). While pain is predictably reduced, function does not typically ever reach that of age-matched, uninjured subjects. Quadriceps weakness has been implicated in the development and progression of knee OA and is a significant problem after TKA. V...

Respiratory failure is a common consequence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A concurrent metabolic alkalosis may worsen the respiratory failure, as a higher pH in blood (and thus in cerebrospinal fluid) results in a weaker respiratory drive. Use of diuretics is the most common cause of metabolic alkalosis. When a patient with an acute exacerbation of a res...

The aim of this randomized study is to evaluate the efficacy of two different approaches for conversion of persistent atrial fibrillation, the non-invasive one (external electrical cardioversion) and the invasive one (catheter ablation).

The purposes of this study are to find out whether dextromethorphan can prevent the short or long-term neurologic side effects of methotrexate, and whether dextromethorphan can improve symptoms of short-term neurologic side effects if they do occur.

Patients with congestive heart failure are usually treated with a combination of an ACE inhibitor (or an AT1 blocking agent), a diuretic and a beta-blocker. However, some patients remain symptomatic despite an optimal treatment with these drugs. In patients who also have coronary heart disease, nitrates or some calcium-channel blockers could help to relieve symptoms. Theref...

Tyrosine for Methamphetamine Dependence - 1

Added: 14:36 EDT 24 Jul 2014

The purpose of this study is to evaluate efficacy of tyrosine as a treatment for methamphetamine dependence in an outpatient treatment setting providing group psychosocial interventions. Examine effect of tyrosine on abstinence, retention in treatment, and craving."

Research Question: In emergency department patients with simple hand cuts, do prophylactic antibiotics reduce the risk of wound infections?

Following all abdominal surgery, paralytic ileus commonly develops. Surgeons have traditionally withheld postoperative oral intake until the return of bowel function to prevent related complications. Gum chewing can stimulates bowel movement and promotes the return of bowel function through the cephalic-vagal reflex and increased intestinal enzymes secretion. The obj...

Dabigatran represent a new class of promising anticoagulation agents. As an oral direct thrombin inhibitor it has been effective in preventing venous thromboembolism in patients undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery. This ex vivo study is undertaken to investigate the ex-vivo effects of Pradaxa® on different coagulation parameters.

Intramedullary Femoral Reaming, Human Study

Added: 03:16 EDT 27 Aug 2014

To what extent the cardiopulmonary and inflammatory response is affected by initial femoral intramedullary nailing in the already traumatized and inflammatory activated patient was analyzed in the present study with the attention to survey the additional burden of this operative treatment. The patients are monitored with a pulmonary catheter, and blood samples for coagulati...

This is a non-human study, conducted in a simulation environment, with simulator manikins, and volunteers from anaesthesia. Trainees in their first 2 years of anaesthetics training will be randomised to a control group, a group following the Difficult Airway Society UK's Guidelines and the Australian Difficult Airway management algorithm. A simulated difficult airway will b...

Genetic Factors in Chronic Sinusitis

Added: 17:00 EDT 15 Jul 2010

The purpose of this study is to learn more about the genetics of chronic sinusitis and identify genes involved in chronic sinusitis.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate a new disposable supra-glottic airway device, the i-gel airway (Intersurgical Ltd., Wokingham, England). We propose to test its ease of insertion, position within the airway, drain tube patency and anatomic sealing properties during mechanical ventilation in non-obese anesthetized patients undergoing elective general surgery. The s...

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a high caloric drink on weight and several other clinical markers including quality of life in patients with unintentional weight loss (cachexia) due to chronic heart failure.

The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of IVIG in combination with Rituximab to lower the level of HLA-sensitive antibodies and block their ability to attack a transplanted organ in patients who are highly HLA-sensitized and are awaiting transplantation.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of intravenous furosemide on cardio-respiratory performance in neonates receiving a packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion who are considered at high risk of volume overload.

To compare the glucose response in tube fed subjects with type 2 diabetes of a standard enteral product to that of a diabetes-specific enteral product

Patients who are scheduled by their health care provider for routine computed tomography (CT) scan will be asked to participate in this study. The primary purpose is to determine if there is a difference in patient preference for Omnipaque versus Gastroview as oral contrast for abdominal pelvic CT. A secondary objective is to evaluate if there is significant difference in b...

Effect of Coca-Cola on Iron Absorption

Added: 03:38 EDT 27 Aug 2014

The aim of this project is to measure the effect of Coca-Cola and Diet Coke, relative to mineral water, on non-haem iron absorption. The results from this study will quantify any enhancing effect of Coca-Cola or Diet Coke on non-haem iron absorption and will be of use to the Coca-Cola Company and the scientific and nutrition community in evaluating the nutritional value of ...

Post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) is defined as blood loss greater than 500 mL after vaginal delivery (1). Delayed diagnosis of PPH is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality (2). Obstetricians estimate blood loss at delivery by visual estimation of blood collected in the obstetric drapes. Blood is often mixed with urine and surgical sponges. The urine, blood and spon...

The purpose of this study is to determine whether Thalidomide is effective in the treatment of arteriovenous malformations in the gastrointestinal tract.

We designed this, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to determine the clinical efficacy of chronic administration of prednisone on renal function and clinical status when added to standard care.

The painful episode is the most common problem experienced by children with sickle cell disease. Although various treatments are available during painful episodes, the medication most commonly given for pain is a pain medication such as morphine. Fluids are also used. Even with these treatments, many children still have severe pain that is difficult to control. In addition ...

A recently completed multi-site double-blind placebo-controlled study found that bupropion (Wellbutrin XL) increased female orgasmic function in a group of pre-menopausal women with a diagnosis of hypoactive sexual desire disorder. The purpose of this study is to ascertain whether bupropion will improve orgasmic function in pre-menopausal women with a primary complaint of i...

The surgery of breast cancer is responsible for post-operative pain, needing in about 30% some morphine consumption; like that, the association of ketamine with general anaesthesia may decrease morphine's use and so its adverse effects. The purpose is to evaluate the analgesic effect of a receptor NMDA's antagonist ( ketamine)

There are many children born with Congenital Heart Disease. Many of these children have to undergo surgical procedures to correct the problem. Some patients must eventually get a new heart. Once they get a new heart, we have to have ways to determine how well the new heart is doing inside of the body. Tissue Doppler Imaging is one way of doing so. Tissue Doppler I...

Chemotherapy can often cause anemia in patients with cancer. Anemia is a low number of red blood cells. The symptoms of anemia may include fatigue, dizziness, headache, chest pain, and shortness of breath. Erythropoietin is a hormone made by the kidneys that signals the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells. Recombinant human erythropoietin has been produced in the...

This is a study of patients undergoing gynecologic surgery who require post-operative catheterization to determine if prophylactic antibiotic treatment decreases the risk of post-operative urinary tract infection in these patients.

The purpose of this study is to compare how well two products, Active Leptospermum Honey (ALH) (MEDIHONEY® Gel) and Collagenase (Santyl®), in removing the nonviable (non living) tissue.

The adipose (fat) cells under the skin are where individuals store excess fat. The more excess fat they have, the more "strain" they put on these cells which then get bigger and don't work as well as they should. Having some fat under the skin is important. People who have a genetic defect which results in them having almost no fat under their skin have a very high risk of ...

Sickle cell disease (SCD), specifically hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC), is a subtype of sickle cell disease with typically higher hemoglobin and milder or later disease complications. Sickle cell disease is a disorder in which red blood cells (RBCs) are abnormally shaped. This can result in painful episodes, serious infections, and damage to body organs. One medication used t...

This is a Phase 3, open-label, international, multi-center, efficacy, and safety study of avelumab in combination with and/or following platinum-based chemotherapy. Eligible patients must have previously untreated, histologically confirmed Stage II-IV epithelial ovarian (EOC), fallopian tube cancer (FTC), or primary peritoneal cancer (PPC) and be candidates for platinum-bas...

Three main classes of inhaled treatment exist for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): Beta2-adrenergic agonists (which may be short (SABA) or long (LABA) acting), long-acting muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonists (LAMA), and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). For subjects at higher risk of exacerbation, treatment with all these three classes of medication is r...

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of a capsule (SmartPill~) measuring pH, pressure and temperature from within the entire GI tract to determine gastric emptying time, combined small and large bowel transit time and total transit time. In addition, the Capsule will characterize pressure patterns and provide motility indices for the antrum and ...

Patients receiving perioperative intravenous lidocaine, post operative restoration of bowel movement will be faster and decrease pain intensity, opioid consumption and side effects, length of hospital stay; probably as a result of a significant opioid sparing and attenuated inflammatory response.

The objective of this clinical trial is to evaluate the impact and symptomatic efficacy of platelets rich plasma (PRP \ PRGF) in the treatment of partial tears of supraspinatus tendon of rotator cuff. Speed of tendon healing of partial thickness tear of the supraspinatus tendon influenced by local injection of platelets rich plasma

This study aims to assess the acceptability of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) for use as nutritional supplements for infants and young children in Guatemala. The study will be conducted in three phases. Phase 1 will be a test-feeding to compare the acceptability of two different flavors of LNS (peanut and cinnamon) in infants and young children and their mothers or...

Narcotic pain medicines bind mu-opioid receptors in the bowel and delay the return of normal function. Alvimopan is a peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor antagonist that blocks mu-opioid receptors in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract but does not compromise central nervous system-mediated opioid-based analgesia. Length of stay (LOS) is an important surrogate measure of qua...

The regime in the aftercare after total hip and knee arthroplasty(THA/TKA) differs a lot between orthopedic surgeons concerning weight bearing. The type of implant and the way of implants' anchoring are considered. In the literature there is no data so far about the way patient take care of the recommended weight bearing during the first 6 weeks after THA and TKA. O...

To test the hypothesis that stimulation of PPAR-γ receptors has a therapeutic role in the treatment of asthma.

Case series of tibial plateau fractures using Norian Drillable.

The high burden of asthma appears to be related to poor asthma control, which is associated with more frequent asthma symptoms, greater bronchodilator use and functional impairment, and worse pulmonary function. Despite the availability of effective treatments, more than 58% of asthmatics are poorly controlled. Daily adherence to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) regimens is co...

The purpose of this study is to assess the bioavailability of Primidone 50 mg tablets of Dr.Reddy's comparing with that of Mysoline@ tablets of Yamanouchi Pharma Technologies Inc, in healthy, adult, human subjects under fasting conditions.

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