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Popular Clinical Trials on BioPortfolio

04:50 EDT 25th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular Clinical Trials pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

The purpose of the present study is to examine the utility of probiotics as an adjunctive therapy (in addition to patients' pharmacotherapy) for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. We hypothesize that specifically selected probiotics, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14, can alleviate symptoms of RA and thereby increase the daily activity of these pa...

This is a study of patients undergoing gynecologic surgery who require post-operative catheterization to determine if prophylactic antibiotic treatment decreases the risk of post-operative urinary tract infection in these patients.

Facial lacerations are a commonly encountered problem in the emergency department. Despite this, few original articles have been written concerning the management of lacerations of the lip which communicate with the oral cavity. Specifically, no study has been able to definitively show whether the use of antibiotics for these wounds decreases the infection rate. These cuta...

The purpose of this study is to determine: - The prevalence of Demodex sp. in chronic blepharitis. - The efficacy of the treatment of topical Tree Tea Oil in chronic blepharitis for Demodex sp.

Furosemide in Early Acute Kidney Injury

Added: 20:10 EDT 4 May 2013

Acute renal failure, now referred to as acute kidney injury, is common in intensive care unit patients, contributes to high morbidity and mortality, and has no proven interventions with benefit once established. In addition to supportive care, these patients frequently receive diuretic therapy, most commonly furosemide. Prior trials showed no impact of furosemide on clinic...

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the analgetic and other effects effect of ketamine are partly mediated through opioid receptors

This study is designed to obtain information for design purposes on use of an ECG guided monitoring system to aid in the correct placement of PICC lines. There is no formal study hypothesis.

Patients who are scheduled by their health care provider for routine computed tomography (CT) scan will be asked to participate in this study. The primary purpose is to determine if there is a difference in patient preference for Omnipaque versus Gastroview as oral contrast for abdominal pelvic CT. A secondary objective is to evaluate if there is significant difference in b...

Bumetanide vs. Furosemide in Heart Failure

Added: 20:10 EDT 4 May 2013

Patients with NYHA FC II-III heart failure will be randomized in a cross-over fashion to 8 weeks of bumetanide vs. furosemide therapy (equipotent dose), to test whether bumetanide therapy has a superior effect on insulin resistance compared to furosemide. Patients will be subject to a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT) with minimal model (MINMOD)...

Comparison of Hookah and Cigarette Smoking

Added: 20:10 EDT 4 May 2013

The aim of this study is to compare exposure to tobacco smoke toxins in individuals who smoke both cigarettes and Hookah pipes. Sixteen subjects will be hospitalized on the research ward for two visits of 4 days each. At one visit they will smoke their usual cigarettes in approximately normal frequency, and at the other visit they will smoke Hookah at least twice per day. T...

Diverting ileostomies are created to protect a rectal anastomosis or in situations with a risk of intestinal perforation. Currently, the application of a rod to hinder slippage of the loop is an established technique to perform a diverting loop ileostomy. However, various "rod-less" techniques have been described and are performed with similar success. The aim of this study...

This study aims to verify the effectiveness of Trafermin (recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor) in stimulating regeneration of periodontal tissue lost by periodontitis and to evaluate the safety of such stimulation.

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of hourly rounding on patient falls, patient satisfaction, and patient call light usage. This is a replication of research which determined that hourly rounds conducted by nursing personnel decreased patient falls and call light usage and increased patient satisfaction. The study design is quasi- experimental. One unit w...

The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of a combination of dasatinib, cetuximab and FOLFOX (5-fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin [LV], and Eloxatin [oxaliplatin]) that can be given to patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. The safety of these drugs in combination will also be studied.

Postpartum Depression and Cesarean Section

Added: 20:10 EDT 4 May 2013

The purpose of this retrospective study is to determine if there is an increase in postpartum depression (PPD) among women who undergo an emergency cesarean section as opposed to a planned cesarean section. We will analyze the hospital and clinic medical records of postpartum women who delivered by cesarean section (CS) at Tulsa Regional Medical Center between January 1, 2...

This study investigates if Celebrex is as effective as tramadol hydrochloride (Ultram) for patients with chronic low back pain, when administered over a 6-week period.

The term 'hypersomnia' describes a group of symptoms that includes severe daytime sleepiness and sleeping long periods of time (more than 10 hours per night). Sometimes, hypersomnia is caused by a problem with the quality of sleep occurring at night, for instance when nighttime sleep is disrupted by frequent breathing pauses. In other cases, however, hypersomnia occurs ev...

This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of ilaprazole relative to that of esomeprazole in healing erosive esophagitis and resolving accompanying symptoms of GERD.

Primary: To determine whether patients with newly diagnosed ovarian, primary peritoneal, and fallopian tube cancers when treated with bevacizumab, carboplatin, and weekly paclitaxel can tolerate at least 4 cycles of therapy regardless of delay or dose modification. Secondary: - To estimate the efficacy of bevacizumab combined with carboplatin and weekly paclitax...

The study aims to determine if somatic dysfunctions of the pelvis, sacrum and lower lumbar spine have an effect on weight bearing. Our subjects are young, healthy subjects without recent soft tissue or osseous injury, a less than predetermined leg length discrepancy or OMM/chiropractic treatment. Their leg lengths will be measured; weight-bearing will be measured using a...

The purpose of this study is to improve how we treat itching, a common side effect associated with the use of morphine pain medication. Itching is a problem experienced by up to 30% of the children treated with pain medications in the morphine family. Despite studies demonstrating the effectiveness of using naloxone to treat itchiness in adults receiving morphine pain medi...

The DAPT Study is a double blind randomized controlled trial intended to determine the appropriate duration for dual antiplatelet therapy (the combination of aspirin and a second anti-clotting medication) as well as the safety and effectiveness of dual antiplatelet therapy to protect patients from stent thrombosis and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events...

The hypothesis of this study is that by using 3 injections of EUFLEXXA, there will be an improvement in pain levels and range of motion.

The study will evaluate the efficacy of Ibuprofen administered as suppositories in the treatment of fever in infants and children. Ibuprofen as suppositories is not yet registered in Israel, although widely used in Europe.

This study tests the assumption that the bioavailability of alprazolam from a new sublingual formulation is the same as that from a standard orally administered tablet.

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common and severe complication of cirrhosis. The most serious complication of SBP is the hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), which occurs in up to 30 percent of patients, with high mortality. Intravenous albumin (1.5 g/kg at diagnosis and 1 g/kg 48 hours later - standard regimen) helps to prevent HRS and improves survival. No information...

Idiopathic Small Fiber Neuropathy (called SFN for short), is a condition where nerves that sense pain have become damaged, and often painful. SFN pain is common, and it can affect sleep, memory, health and overall quality of life. Pregabalin is a drug commonly used to treat painful conditions, like nerve pain. It has been available to doctors for many years, and many studi...

There are many different treatments that doctors recommend for patients with IC/PBS. Only a few research studies have been done to evaluate treatments given to patients. Treatment choices can be of two types: drug therapy and non-drug therapy. The two treatments used in this study will be of the non-drug therapy type. One of the treatments being used in this study is called...

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of manual lymphatic drainage to decrease the swelling of the knee after total knee replacement surgery

The purpose of this research study is to compare the effectiveness of hydrochlorothiazide or metolazone in combination with furosemide. Patients with heart failure suffer from swelling because of too much fluid in the body. Furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide, and metolazone are all water pills used to treat the swelling. For most patients, taking furosemide alone is success...

The purpose of the proposed study is to test - in a randomized, blinded trial - two different doses of the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol administered buccally as a treatment for fetal death at 14 - 28 weeks, inclusive, of pregnancy. At such an advanced stage of pregnancy, the nonviable fetus is often not spontaneously evacuated, and yet timely evacuation is vital in...

The study looks at treatments for reversing chronic shoulder subluxation after a stroke. It compares electrical stimulation with surface electrodes (stimulation through the skin) with intra-muscular stimulation (from inside the muscle)using an implanted micro-stimulator (BION). Subjects are put either in a surface stimulation or a BION® group. In the BION® group, two BION...

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of smoking cessation medications on alcohol drinking. Following 7 days of medication pre-treatment to achieve steady state levels, participants complete a laboratory session assessing alcohol self-administration behavior and a cue reactivity session assessing their reactivity to alcohol-related cues. Subjects are mai...

This study is an investigator-initiated study. The study will be performed as a prospective, randomized, controlled multi-center trial to evaluate the safety and efficiency of Xpert stents compared to PTA in patients with chronic distal artery occlusions or stenosis undergoing catheter revascularization. Patients will be eligible for randomization if they are over 18 years...

N-acetylcysteine is used to reduce the risk of injury to the kidney after the administration of contrast dye. The mechanism and effectiveness of this intervention is not substantiated in the literature. The investigators hypothesize that serum creatinine will be lower in patients who receive NAC compared to those who receive the placebo but serum cystatin C will not change...

This is a study to assess the effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a treatment for depressed adults with bipolar disorder. In rTMS high-intensity, fluctuating magnetic fields non-invasively stimulate the cortex of the brain depolarising neurons. No anaesthetic is required and the treatment in subconvulsive. Recent studies suggest that rTM...

The treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been aimed at decreasing mortality and morbidity because the etiology of the disease is unknown. The general aim of this multicentre randomized placebo-controlled trial of low dose intermittent methotrexate with folic acid is to establish whether methotrexate shows efficacy and safety in controlling disease activity in...

There is a subgroup of children with autism that appears to develop typically for a period of time, and then loses social or language skills, or regresses. A recent study by Vargas and co-workers at Johns Hopkins has demonstrated that this regressive type of autism is associated with chronic brain inflammation as shown by an abnormal production of inflammatory cytokines amo...

The primary aims of this study are to assess tolerability of ziprasidone dose escalation to 320 mg/d compared to continued standard treatment (placebo) as measured by the Side Effect Checklist, Simpson Angus Scale for Extrapyramidal Symptoms (SAS), Barnes Akathisia Scale (BAS), serum prolactin concentrations, vital signs, EKG and completion rates and to assess whether zipra...

The purpose of this study is to see if treating a donor site wound with the ACell dressing is as good as or better than the dressings we currently treat harvested donor sites with. This will be tested on consenting burn patients who require excision and grafting surgery for their burn wounds. Hypothesis: The mean healing time for wounds treated with the ACell dressing wil...

Gabapentin for the Treatment of Tinnitus

Added: 20:10 EDT 4 May 2013

The specific aim of the Gabapentin for the Relief of Idiopathic Subjective Tinnitus Trial is to assess the therapeutic benefit of Gabapentin (Neurontin®) for subjective idiopathic troublesome tinnitus. We employed a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial design to assess the efficacy of Gabapentin. Adults, between the ages of 18 and 70 with idiopathic,...

Insertion of a hemiarthroplasty is a well established treatment for a dislocated medial hip fracture in elderly patients. The purpose of this study is to compare unipolar and bipolar hemiarthroplasty as a treatment for patients aged 70 years or above with a dislocated medial femoral neck fracture. The study is prospective and randomised, and will be based on questionnaires,...

Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world, resulting from progressive axonal destruction of the optic nerve. Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common form, and it is usually painless with insidious onset. Conventional treatment is focused on lowering intraocular pressure (IOP), the one risk factor that can be modified, which has been demonst...

The purpose of this study is to examine the short – term effects of clozapine on alcohol use in persons with schizophrenia and an alcohol use disorder. The hypothesis is that clozapine will have greater efficacy in reducing alcohol use than other antipsychotic medications.

Enteral Nutrition in Liver Cirrhosis

Added: 20:10 EDT 4 May 2013

Malnutrition is frequently occurring in patients with liver cirrhosis and is associated with a poorer outcome, as it determines life quality and affects both morbidity and mortality. Long term prognosis after liver transplantation also depends on the nutritional status. Therefore, the early diagnosis and intervention for malnutrition is an important issue in the clinical...

Cocaine addiction is a serious health problem with no available medical treatment for preventing relapse. Amantadine, a medication that improves muscle control, and propranolol, a medication that lowers blood pressure, may be useful in treating cocaine addiction in individuals with severe cocaine withdrawal symptoms. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of amantadine...

The purpose of this study is to assess the benefit to patients with empyema or complicated parapneumonic effusion (CPE) using a daily versus twice daily Alteplase regimen of two different dose strategies compared with saline placebo.

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells remaining after surgery. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well adjuvant radiation therapy works in treating patients who have undergone surgery for desmoplastic melanoma.

The purpose of this protocol is to continue to treat patients with Wegener's granulomatosis who have already entered the study, and to treat new patients. The investigators will attempt to correlate the clinical response with specific immunosuppressive effects of drug administration. The investigators are accumulating data on the optimal duration and side effects of thera...

A prospective, non-randomized, single-armed pilot study is planned. Single ventricle patients with aortic arch hypoplasia undergoing initial Norwood type palliation will receive antithrombin III (ATIII) supplementation in addition to standard anticoagulation with heparin as currently practiced at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin. We plan to enroll the first 20 sequential...

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