Popular Clinical Trials on BioPortfolio

00:22 EDT 2nd October 2014 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular Clinical Trials pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

Acute urinary retention is one of the most common complications after surgery and anesthesia. Overfilling the bladder can stretch and damage the detrusor muscle, leading to atony of the bladder. It can occur in patients of both sexes and all age groups and after all types of surgical procedures. Micturition depends on coordinated actions between the detrusor muscle and the ...

Bumetanide vs. Furosemide in Heart Failure

Added: 16:35 EDT 23 Jul 2014

Patients with NYHA FC II-III heart failure will be randomized in a cross-over fashion to 8 weeks of bumetanide vs. furosemide therapy (equipotent dose), to test whether bumetanide therapy has a superior effect on insulin resistance compared to furosemide. Patients will be subject to a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT) with minimal model (MINMOD) ...

The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of a combination of dasatinib, cetuximab and FOLFOX (5-fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin [LV], and Eloxatin [oxaliplatin]) that can be given to patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. The safety of these drugs in combination will also be studied.

Research question: In adult emergency department (ED) patients to whom the attending ED physician has decided to administer intravenous opioid pain control: 1. What is the incidence of serious adverse events, defined as the use of naloxone, up to a total of 2 hours after infusion of 2 mg IV hydromorphone? 2. What is the incidence of other side effects (respirator...

Hemophagocytic lymphohisticytosis (HLH) is a rare and severe disease of genetic origin in children (familial-HLH, F-HLH) or affecting adults secondary to infections, hematologic malignancies or auto-immune diseases (secondary_HLH, S-HLH). F-HLH are due to genetic mutations affecting the genes of perforin or proteins involved in its secretion, resulting in the complete loss...

Beta-blockers are prescribed to millions of people for treatment of hypertension. Fatigue is a recognized and common side effect of beta-blockers that can have significant effects on quality of life. Worse, many people taking a beta-blocker for years are not even aware of the reduction of energy with which they are living. A new vasodilating beta-blocker, nebivolol, which ...

Furosemide in Early Acute Kidney Injury

Added: 22:19 EDT 26 Aug 2014

Acute renal failure, now referred to as acute kidney injury, is common in intensive care unit patients, contributes to high morbidity and mortality, and has no proven interventions with benefit once established. In addition to supportive care, these patients frequently receive diuretic therapy, most commonly furosemide. Prior trials showed no impact of furosemide on clinic...

The OCULO-Pharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy (OPMD) is a late onset hereditary muscle disease which is characterised by the selective affection of the pharyngeal muscles resulting in swallowing disorders, and by a ptosis from the dysfunction of the levator palpebral superiors muscles. Swallowing disorders are determinant in the prognosis of the disease, and potentially life-thre...

To assess the rapidity of onset of antipyretic effect and the efficacy and safety of a single dose of IV APAP versus PO acetaminophen in the treatment of fever induced by a standard dose of endotoxin

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and the leading cause of death more than 2 years after transplantation.During the past 30 years survival of patients with chronic GVHD has not improved and steroids remained the most often used therapy. Extracorporeal photoimmunotherapy (ECP)has shown to be...

The purpose of this study is to compare the mechanical and infectious complications of peripheral versus central venous catheters in critically ill patients. Group allocation will be performed by randomization.

Research Question: In emergency department patients with simple hand cuts, do prophylactic antibiotics reduce the risk of wound infections?

The purpose of this study is to determine which surgical approach is better for clean transection injury in peripheral nerves in outcomes.

Facial lacerations are a commonly encountered problem in the emergency department. Despite this, few original articles have been written concerning the management of lacerations of the lip which communicate with the oral cavity. Specifically, no study has been able to definitively show whether the use of antibiotics for these wounds decreases the infection rate. These cuta...

The purpose of this study to study whether or not the use of direct radiation therapy with Y-90 microspheres (SIR-Spheres) has any effect on treated liver with respect to tumor response in breast cancer patients. Criteria: - Breast cancer - Clinical evidence of metastatic disease in the liver - Performance status (0-2) - Not pregnant ...

Liothyronine (T3) for Bipolar Depression

Added: 22:26 EDT 26 Aug 2014

This study evaluates the efficacy of the thyroid hormone T3 for depression in patients with bipolar disorder. In this study patients will be randomized to receive T3 or placebo.

Individuals with non-healing rib fractures may experience significant pain and disability. This is called rib fracture non-union, an unusual problem and one that most physicians have little experience with. The investigators hypothesize that surgical repair of rib fracture non-union is clinically efficacious and safe in 6 month follow-up. The objective of this study is t...

Terbutaline is a medication that is used to treat serious asthma attacks (status asthmaticus). The purpose of this study is to determine if terbutaline is effective and safe when given as a continuous intravenous infusion to children ages 2 years to 18 years of age. Children participating in this study are inpatients in the Intensive Care Unit with a diagnosis of status ast...

The purpose of this study is to investigate potential mechanisms of valproic acid-associated low serum albumin in medically fragile pediatric and young adult epileptic patients of a long-term care facility.

The purpose of the present study is to examine the utility of probiotics as an adjunctive therapy (in addition to patients' pharmacotherapy) for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. We hypothesize that specifically selected probiotics, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14, can alleviate symptoms of RA and thereby increase the daily activity of these pa...

Background. Clinical benefits of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) have been clearly demonstrated in heart failure (HF) patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and wide QRS at surface electrocardiogram. However, there is a growing evidence that QRS duration poorly predicts responses to CRT, and that ~30% of patients do not experience any benefit from CR...

Radiofrequency Ablation of Uterine Fibroids

Added: 22:34 EDT 26 Aug 2014

This research study is being conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of ablation (destruction) of uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) using electrocautery heating guided by ultrasound. We are doing this to look for a less invasive method of treatment for patients with uterine fibroids. One method that is being used in other areas of the body to treat masses is radiofre...

The treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been aimed at decreasing mortality and morbidity because the etiology of the disease is unknown. The general aim of this multicentre randomized placebo-controlled trial of low dose intermittent methotrexate with folic acid is to establish whether methotrexate shows efficacy and safety in controlling disease activity in...

The purpose of this study is to find out which method (nasogastric vs. orogastric) of feeding tube for premature infants results in earlier only oral feeding.

The purpose of this study is to compare the outcome of treatment for bacteremic MRSA infection with vancomycin alone, vancomycin plus gentamicin, vancomycin plus rifampin, and vancomycin plus gentamicin and rifampin.

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is performed more than 300,000 times a year in the United States, most often for osteoarthritis (OA). While pain is predictably reduced, function does not typically ever reach that of age-matched, uninjured subjects. Quadriceps weakness has been implicated in the development and progression of knee OA and is a significant problem after TKA. V...

The aim of this project is to determine if a single dose of oral dexamethasone at the time of discharge from the ED [after successful treatment] prevents rebound headache. Hypothesis: That single dose oral dexamethasone 8mg reduces the proportion of patients who suffer rebound headache after treatment for migraine in the ED.

The main objectives of the study are 1. to compare the efficacy of oral vs initial iv antibiotic treatment in children with a first episode of UTI 2. to assess the diagnostic power of the various imaging technique (renal ultrasonogram, voiding cystourethrogram, and renal scanning with technetium-99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid)

Anaemia is a common complication of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) the management of which has been aided by the use of synthetic recombinant human erythropoietin therapy (r-HuEPO). This red cell stimulating agent creates the further complication of Functional Iron Deficiency (FID) where, despite normal iron stores, patients fail to respond to therapy as they do not possess e...

Effects of Clopidogrel on Blood Pressure

Added: 22:14 EDT 26 Aug 2014

Context: Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) released from activated platelets induces inflammatory transformation of the vascular endothelium and is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. Arterial hypertension is associated with platelet activation, increased sCD40L levels and endothelial dysfunction suggesting that inhibition of platelet-derived sCD40L release may im...

The study aims to determine if somatic dysfunctions of the pelvis, sacrum and lower lumbar spine have an effect on weight bearing. Our subjects are young, healthy subjects without recent soft tissue or osseous injury, a less than predetermined leg length discrepancy or OMM/chiropractic treatment. Their leg lengths will be measured; weight-bearing will be measured using a ...

The investigators hypothesize that addition of Tranexamic acid, an antifibrinolytic agent, to conventional therapy will lead to an improved outcome characterized by lower transfusion requirements.

Staphylococcus aureus, a bacteria that lives commonly in the anterior nostrils, is seen in about 30% of healthcare workers. Applying mupirocin ointment, a prescription, to the nostrils twice daily for 5 days is the current standard of care for treatment to clear this bacteria. This research study is designed to determine the rate of clearance of this bacteria in healthcare...

This pharmacokinetic clinical trial is a dose ranging study of lidocaine in tumescent local anesthesia. The goal is to understand the absorption pharmacokinetic of tumescent lidocaine and to determine an objective (statistical) estimate of the maximum safe mg/kg dosage of lidocaine in tumescent local anesthesia without liposuction.

Acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH) is the most severe form of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and is associated with a high risk of dying in the short term. Corticosteroids are generally recommended in patients with severe AAH, but its use is still controverted and contraindicated in case of active infection or gastrointestinal bleeding. Therefore, alternative therapeutic option...

The purpose of this study is to conduct a clinical trial of two formulations of budesonide (nebulized/swallowed versus viscous/swallowed) in patients with EoE to determine if medication contact time and distribution in the esophagus relates to treatment response. The investigators will also determine if there is systemic absorption of these topical steroids. The investigat...

This study will evaluate the bioequivalence of 105 mg fenofibric acid tablets relative to 145 mg fenofibrate tablets in healthy volunteers under fasting conditions. A secondary objective is to characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of fenofibric acid when administered as a single 105 mg dose to healthy volunteers in a fasted state. Safety and tolerability of this regime...

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the analgetic and other effects effect of ketamine are partly mediated through opioid receptors

The aim of the study is to assess the effect of continuous levodopa infusion on autonomic nervous system in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD), blood pressure regulation and sweating. The investigators' hypothesis is that levodopa infusion may alleviate hyperhidrosis and orthostatic hypotension.

Background: Skin abscesses are a growing problem in the general pediatric population around the world. While the standard treatment for an abscess/boil is incision and drainage, many physicians also prescribe antibiotics, despite the lack of evidence that antibiotics are necessary to help the wound heal. The purpose of this research study is to determine whether antibiotics...

This is a pilot study to determine whether the drug regadenoson can be used during magnetic resonance imaging to assess regions of poor blood flow to the heart. The hypothesis of this study is that a single injection of regadenoson could be used instead of a standard adenosine infusion to produce coronary vasodilatation and demonstrate myocardial ischemia during first-pass...

Inclusion of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation and presenting a pneumonia in order to determine serum pharmacokinetics of nebulized amikacin. The primary aim is to determine the dose of amikacin to be nebulized in order to observe amikacin serum concentrations close to but inferior to those observed after standart intravenous amikacin infusion.

Developmental dysplasia of the hip is the most common musculoskeletal disorder in infancy, with a reported prevalence of 2% of all newborns. Although newborn screening programs based on clinical examination with Ortolani and Barlow tests were introduced in the 1950's and 1960's with early abduction splinting of the 2% testing positive, the prevalence of late cases warrantin...

Chorioamnionitis occurs in 1% to 5% of term pregnancies and may complicate up to 25% of cases of preterm labor. The traditional regimen used to treat intra-amniotic infection is intravenous ampicillin 2g every 6 hours and intravenous gentamicin 1.5 mg/kg every 8 hrs until delivery . In the past the recommendation has been that the antibiotics be continued postpartum until...

Computed tomography (CT) scan using intravenous contrast (CT IV) as the sole type of contrast material, was studied as one method of evaluating children with suspected appendicitis. We felt that this technique could provide physicians with a faster and better-tolerated alternative to CT imaging which involves patients drinking oral contrast or needing rectal contrast admin...

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of manual lymphatic drainage to decrease the swelling of the knee after total knee replacement surgery

Primary aim of the study : to evaluate the prevalence of ulcerated cutaneous carcinoma or malignant degeneration, in leg ulcers, presumed of vascular origin and without evidence of healing despite 3 months of adequate treatmentSecondary aims of the study : to evaluate the interest of immunostainings for desmogleins 1-2 and p16 on biopsies to differentiate between pseudo epi...

Ethanol Locks as an Adjunct Treatment for Central Venous Line Infections Purpose To evaluate the effectiveness of a 70% ethanol lock solution when used as an adjunct therapy with antibiotics to treat central venous line infections Study Design Randomized Controlled Trial Study Protocol Only those patients meeting all inclusion criteria and no exclusion criteria wil...

Influenza virus is an important cause of morbidity in the transplant population and can lead to viral and bacterial pneumonia. Although the annual influenza vaccine is recommended for organ transplant patients, studies have shown that the standard inactivated influenza vaccine has poor immunogenicity in this population. One major hurdle in the evaluation of the response of ...

The purpose of the proposed study is to test - in a randomized, blinded trial - two different doses of the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol administered buccally as a treatment for fetal death at 14 - 28 weeks, inclusive, of pregnancy. At such an advanced stage of pregnancy, the nonviable fetus is often not spontaneously evacuated, and yet timely evacuation is vital in...

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