Popular Clinical Trials on BioPortfolio

19:19 EST 25th November 2014 | BioPortfolio

BioPortfolio lists our user's most popular Clinical Trials pages for the last 7 days based on search engine activity.

The study aims at determining the feasibility of using maintenance Decitabine therapy following remission induction and consolidation in elderly Acute Myeloid Leukemia patients who are fit for aggressive therapy. Primary: Safety and tolerability of the decitabine regimen in the post remission state. Secondary: 1. Disease-free survival - To determine the one-year ...

The aim of this randomized study is to evaluate the efficacy of two different approaches for conversion of persistent atrial fibrillation, the non-invasive one (external electrical cardioversion) and the invasive one (catheter ablation).

Facial lacerations are a commonly encountered problem in the emergency department. Despite this, few original articles have been written concerning the management of lacerations of the lip which communicate with the oral cavity. Specifically, no study has been able to definitively show whether the use of antibiotics for these wounds decreases the infection rate. These cuta...

In order to distinguish between clonal instability driven by imatinib in CML and actual changes with secondary clones induced by imatinib we would like to investigate the karyotype of non-CML patients treated with imatinib such as GIST patients.

Itching is a frequent and disturbing side effect of the use of pain medication such as morphine. In the post-operative period, it can be more distressing to pediatric patients than their pain. The current first line treatment, an antihistamine (Benadryl), has a low efficacy. This treatment causes sleepiness and may be dangerous when used in combination with other drugs. ...

This study hopes to determine the appropriate oral steroid dose for treating children hospitalized with asthma exacerbations. Practice guidelines from different countries recommend a wide range of doses, and the doses used in actual practice vary widely. There is no data on what is the most appropriate dose of prednisone (or equivalent) in this situation. We will be look...

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is performed more than 300,000 times a year in the United States, most often for osteoarthritis (OA). While pain is predictably reduced, function does not typically ever reach that of age-matched, uninjured subjects. Quadriceps weakness has been implicated in the development and progression of knee OA and is a significant problem after TKA. V...

Turner Syndrome: Genotype and Phenotype

Added: 22:57 EDT 26 Aug 2014

This study examines the clinical and genetic factors related to Turner syndrome, a disorder of the sex chromosomes. Humans usually have 23 pairs of chromosomes-thin strands of DNA-in the nucleus of every cell, which contain genes that determine our hereditary makeup. One pair of chromosomes is the sex chromosomes, designated X and Y. Females usually have two X chromosomes; ...

Research Question: In emergency department patients with simple hand cuts, do prophylactic antibiotics reduce the risk of wound infections?

The purpose of this study is to determine: - The prevalence of Demodex sp. in chronic blepharitis. - The efficacy of the treatment of topical Tree Tea Oil in chronic blepharitis for Demodex sp.

Patients who are scheduled by their health care provider for routine computed tomography (CT) scan will be asked to participate in this study. The primary purpose is to determine if there is a difference in patient preference for Omnipaque versus Gastroview as oral contrast for abdominal pelvic CT. A secondary objective is to evaluate if there is significant difference in b...

Bumetanide vs. Furosemide in Heart Failure

Added: 16:35 EDT 23 Jul 2014

Patients with NYHA FC II-III heart failure will be randomized in a cross-over fashion to 8 weeks of bumetanide vs. furosemide therapy (equipotent dose), to test whether bumetanide therapy has a superior effect on insulin resistance compared to furosemide. Patients will be subject to a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT) with minimal model (MINMOD) ...

The purpose of this study is to find out which method (nasogastric vs. orogastric) of feeding tube for premature infants results in earlier only oral feeding.

The study aims to determine if somatic dysfunctions of the pelvis, sacrum and lower lumbar spine have an effect on weight bearing. Our subjects are young, healthy subjects without recent soft tissue or osseous injury, a less than predetermined leg length discrepancy or OMM/chiropractic treatment. Their leg lengths will be measured; weight-bearing will be measured using a ...

With the advent of minimally invasive surgery, laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) is currently advocated as an alternative to abdominal hysterectomy. Reported benefits of LAVH in short-term study, when compared with the abdominal hysterectomy, include shorter hospital stays and convalescence, less postoperative pain, lower morbidity. To our best knowledge, n...

The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of a combination of dasatinib, cetuximab and FOLFOX (5-fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin [LV], and Eloxatin [oxaliplatin]) that can be given to patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. The safety of these drugs in combination will also be studied.

This study investigates if Celebrex is as effective as tramadol hydrochloride (Ultram) for patients with chronic low back pain, when administered over a 6-week period.

This research study is being conducted to test the effects of two drugs on blood lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides) and blood sugar (glucose) levels in patients with diabetes or "pre-diabetes" (both of which have a condition called "insulin-resistance"). These products are Niaspan (extended release nicotinic acid) and Omacor (omega-3 acid ethyl esters). We hypothesize ...

Brain metastases occur when cancer cells from the initial tumour site (for example, lung or breast) spread to the brain. This develops in approximately 10% - 30% of adults with cancer. They can produce different complaints related to their effect on brain functioning, decrease in a person’s ability to carry on with their usual activities, a reduction in the quality of li...

Background: - HIV-infected patients have a weakened immune system, and chemotherapy, which is used to treat lymphoma, probably causes further damage to the immune system. - Limiting the amount of immune damage due to chemotherapy might decrease the number of infections and the risk of developing cancer in the future in HIV-infected patients with...

Beta-blockers are prescribed to millions of people for treatment of hypertension. Fatigue is a recognized and common side effect of beta-blockers that can have significant effects on quality of life. Worse, many people taking a beta-blocker for years are not even aware of the reduction of energy with which they are living. A new vasodilating beta-blocker, nebivolol, which ...

The purpose of this study is to determine whether using Misoprostol vaginally before an office endometrial biopsy is performed, will make it easier, more successful and less painful to do the procedure. The investigators' hypothesis is that vaginal Misoprostol 12 hours prior to endometrial biopsy will increase the ease of performing office endometrial biopsy by reducing th...

This proposed study is a multi-center open label study to determine if N-acetylcysteine has any survival benefits in patients with ALF.

The purpose of the present study is to examine the utility of probiotics as an adjunctive therapy (in addition to patients' pharmacotherapy) for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. We hypothesize that specifically selected probiotics, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and L. reuteri RC-14, can alleviate symptoms of RA and thereby increase the daily activity of these pa...

Transudative pleural effusions are a common manifestation of patients with congestive heart failure. Severe dyspnea and respiratory failure may develop in those with large effusions, which in general show poor response to medical treatment. Therapeutic thoracenteses (TT) may be indicated in these patients and can produce marked relief of symptoms. However, the underlying ef...

N-acetylcysteine is used to reduce the risk of injury to the kidney after the administration of contrast dye. The mechanism and effectiveness of this intervention is not substantiated in the literature. The investigators hypothesize that serum creatinine will be lower in patients who receive NAC compared to those who receive the placebo but serum cystatin C will not change...

Oral Misoprostol Before Endometrial Biopsy

Added: 22:49 EDT 26 Aug 2014

An endometrial biopsy involves a thin tube being passed through the cervix (opening of the uterus) to obtain a sample of the lining of the uterus. Sometimes there may be discomfort with this procedure especially if the cervix is not dilated or opened. Previous research has suggested that taking a drug called misoprostol may help the cervix to start to dilate or open. This s...

The objective of this clinical trial is to evaluate the impact and symptomatic efficacy of platelets rich plasma (PRP \ PRGF) in the treatment of partial tears of supraspinatus tendon of rotator cuff. Speed of tendon healing of partial thickness tear of the supraspinatus tendon influenced by local injection of platelets rich plasma

High doses of gabapentin are associated with pancreatic acinar cell tumors in rats, but there has been no post marketing pancreatic carcinogenicity signal with gabapentin as reported by spontaneous reports in AERS or in the published literature. In a published case-control screening study of the association of gabapentin with 55 cancers, the only cancer that met the screen...

Effects of Clopidogrel on Blood Pressure

Added: 22:14 EDT 26 Aug 2014

Context: Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) released from activated platelets induces inflammatory transformation of the vascular endothelium and is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. Arterial hypertension is associated with platelet activation, increased sCD40L levels and endothelial dysfunction suggesting that inhibition of platelet-derived sCD40L release may im...

Aim: In this project proposition the investigators would like to examine the effect of immune modulation by probiotics on the clearance of HPV-infections. This study provides a model for viral infection but also for cancer precursors. This would be an excellent model (and the only possible short-term model) to examine an effect on cancer precursors. Cancer precursors (cyto...

The increased risk for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) has been established. Current and historical data on CIN prevention strategies have shown wide variation with respect to the optimal type, route and timing of these therapies. We investigate the role for oral hydration and/or oral s...

The purpose of this study is to evaluate clinical healing after dental extraction and the occurrence of surgical complications in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes and compare with non-diabetic patients or control, taking into account laboratory data such as blood count, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1) and immunological profile of the patients.

The purpose of this study is to improve how we treat itching, a common side effect associated with the use of morphine pain medication. Itching is a problem experienced by up to 30% of the children treated with pain medications in the morphine family. Despite studies demonstrating the effectiveness of using naloxone to treat itchiness in adults receiving morphine pain medi...

The purpose of this study is to determine whether distal clavicle resection is effective treatments in patients with acromioclavicular joint pain accompanied by rotator cuff tear.

Trial Synopsis: Bovine Colostrum for patients with non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Design: This is a single-arm, open-label, before-and after exploratory trial of 30 days of Bovine Colostrum Powder (BCP) to improve NAFLD and the metabolic syndrome. Duration: 8 weeks per subject. Sample Size: 30 subjects. Population: Patients with biopsy proven NAS...

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the definitive treatment of osteoarthritis, is often associated with excessive postoperative bleeding due to increased fibrinolysis. Hence, the objective of the proposed study is to determine the role of topical application of tranexamic acid (TA), an anti-fibrinolytic agent, into the knee joint just before closure during TKA to reduce periope...

Background: Angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have a specific cardioprotective effect and, compared to treatment not directly interfering with the renin-angiotensin-system (RAS), significantly reduce cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity in subjects with normal renal function. Despite CV events are the leading cause of death in these patients, no adequat...

Foley Bulb Traction for Cervical Ripening

Added: 22:19 EDT 26 Aug 2014

This study aims to determine what type of traction, weighted bag or inner thigh taping, on foley catheters for cervical ripening results in a greater cervical dilation and shorter length of labor. The primary outcomes are post-ripening dilation of 3 cm or more and time to delivery. The secondary outcomes are patient pain/comfort rating and method of delivery. The in...

The prevalence of cellulitis in society is very high, as much as 3% of visits to Emergency Departments are for the treatment of this disease. The treatment of cellulitis varies depending on the severity. Low severity cases are treated with pain control and antibiotics by mouth and high severity are treated with antibiotics intravenously and pain control. The investigator's ...

As women age the ovarian response and pregnancy rate are reduced while the rate of chromosomal abnormalities in the embryos is increased. Oocyte maturation, accurate chromosomal segregation as well as early embryo development and implantation are dependent on the supply of large amounts of energy, which unlike other cells can only arise from the mitochondria. With age the m...

Preterm deliveries play a significant role in neonatal morbidity and mortality. Previous studies showed that administration of progesterone to pregnant women at high risk, decrease spontaneous preterm deliveries. The purpose of this study is to compare between two different modes of treatment with progesterone for the prevention of preterm delivery: weekly injection of 17 ...

This study was designed to examine the analgesic and side effects of dexmedetomidine-morphine mixture for intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA).

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a problem with the tendon connecting one of the lower leg muscles to the foot bone. PTTD can cause pain, swelling, and a flattened foot and may require surgery if left untreated. Normal treatment for PTTD includes physical therapy exercise. In treating similar conditions in the lower leg, exercises that are active, like strength...

Computed tomography (CT) scan using intravenous contrast (CT IV) as the sole type of contrast material, was studied as one method of evaluating children with suspected appendicitis. We felt that this technique could provide physicians with a faster and better-tolerated alternative to CT imaging which involves patients drinking oral contrast or needing rectal contrast admin...

Metoclopramide is an effective intravenous treatment for acute migraine attacks, but we do not know the bets dose to administer. This study compares three different doses of metoclorpamide.

The purpose of the proposed study is to test - in a randomized, blinded trial - two different doses of the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol administered buccally as a treatment for fetal death at 14 - 28 weeks, inclusive, of pregnancy. At such an advanced stage of pregnancy, the nonviable fetus is often not spontaneously evacuated, and yet timely evacuation is vital in...

The purpose of the study is to determine the optimal frequency of repositioning nursing facility residents with limited mobility who are cared for on a high density foam mattress in order to prevent bed sores. It is hypothesized that participants at moderate risk (Braden Scale Scores 13-14) who are turned every 3 or 4 hours and participants at high risk (Braden Scores 10-1...

Wound complications after Cesarean section (C-section) are common in obese women. Approximately 25% of obese women having a C-section will have a wound complication. This research study is designed to assess whether applying a source of vacuum (suction) to the wound can reduce the risk of wound complications. The investigators plan to enroll 220 women into the study. ...

Chronic renal insufficiency is a common and important health problem that causes morbidity and mortality among patients who have undergone liver transplantation. It is mainly caused by drugs (calcineurin inhibitors) that are used to prevent or treat rejection and once established, there is no effective treatment. This research investigates whether L-arginine can reverse t...

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